Personality disorder 3partial


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Personality disorder 3partial

  1. 1. By: American Psychiatric Association . PERSONALITY DISORDER
  2. 2. <ul><li>Personality disorders, formerly referred to as character disorders, are a class of personality types and behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>This behavior can result in maladaptive coping skills, which may lead to personal problems that induce extreme anxiety, distress or depression. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personality disorders <ul><li>Cluster A (odd) </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoid . Schizoid . Schizotypal </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster B (dramatic) </li></ul><ul><li>Antisocial   · Borderline . Histrionic   · Narcissistic </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster C (anxious) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidant   · Dependent . Obsessive-compulsive </li></ul><ul><li>Not specified </li></ul><ul><li>Depressive . Passive–aggressive . Sadistic   </li></ul>
  4. 4. Paranoid personality disorder <ul><li>Is a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Schizoid personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a tendency towards a solitary lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness and sometimes (sexual) apathy, with a simultaneous rich, elaborate and exclusively internal fantasy world. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Schizotypal personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder that is characterized by a need for social isolation, anxiety in social situations, odd behavior and thinking, and often unconventional beliefs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Antisocial personality disorder <ul><li>Personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Borderline personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder described as a prolonged disturbance of personality function in a person, characterized by depth and variability of moods. The disorder typically involves unusual levels of instability or splitting; the disorder often manifests chaotic and unstable interpersonal relationships, self-image, identity, and behavior. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Histrionic personality disorder <ul><li>Is characterized by a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking, including an excessive need for approval and inappropriately seductive behavior, usually beginning in early adulthood. These individuals are lively, dramatic, vivacious, enthusiastic, and flirtatious. </li></ul><ul><li>They may be inappropriately sexually provocative, express strong emotions with an impressionistic style. Associated features may include egocentrism, self- indulgence, continuous longing for appreciation, and persistent manipulative behavior to achieve their own needs. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Narcissistic personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder in which the individual is described as being excessively preoccupied with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity. </li></ul><ul><li>Narcissistic personality disorder is closely linked to self-centeredness. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Avoidant personality disorder <ul><li>(or anxious personality disorder). Is a person characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation, and avoidance of social interaction. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Dependent personality disorder <ul><li>Formerly known as asthenic personality disorder , is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. This personality disorder is a long-term (chronic) condition in which people depend too much on others to meet their emotional and physical needs. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Depressive personality disorder <ul><li>(also known as melancholic personality disorder ) is a controversial psychiatric diagnosis that denotes a personality disorder with depressive features. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Passive–aggressive behavior <ul><li>A personality trait, is passive, sometimes obstructionist resistance to following through with expectations in interpersonal or occupational situations. It is a personality trait marked by a pervasive pattern of negative attitudes and passive, usually disavowed, resistance in interpersonal or occupational situations. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sadistic personality disorder <ul><li>A pervasive pattern of cruel, demeaning, and aggressive behavior, beginning by early adulthood. Has used physical cruelty or violence for the purpose of establishing dominance in a relationship is this a kind of sadistic personality. </li></ul>