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The Tsunami: Lessons Learned for North American Responders
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The Tsunami : Lessons Learned for North American Responders


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Abbreviated copy of presentation at the APCO Canada / NENA Ontario 2006 Conference & Trade Show, “9-1-1 in Any Language” …

Abbreviated copy of presentation at the APCO Canada / NENA Ontario 2006 Conference & Trade Show, “9-1-1 in Any Language”
Toronto Sheraton Hotel and Conference Centre
October 1 – 4, 2006

Uploaded now for interest given current G20 protests in Toronto.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology

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  • each year more than 50 earthquakes occur that are strong enough to be felt by Canadians. A further 1,400 smaller earthquakes are recorded each year by sensitive monitoring equipment. Both the West Coast and St. Lawrence Valley are at significant risk of a major earthquake.
  • Many large earthquakes have occurred in Canada’s short history. Earthquakes in Cornwall, Ontario in 1944; on southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia in 1946; and in the Saguenay region of Quebec in 1988, have tallied up millions of dollars in damage. In 1929, when an earthquake-generated tsunami hit the south coast of Newfoundland, 27 people died. Past events have not resulted in greater property damage and heavier casualties primarily because a large earthquake has yet to strike a heavily populated area.
  • 1900-1997
  • Some have described the typology of normal accidents in various industries as being affected by linear or complex organizational processes, based on their systemic intricacies and predictability of interconnections within the process, as well as either tight or loose coupling, relating to the slack built into the system to respond to mistakes or changes. Mining, such as at Westray, is described as being a moderately complex interaction with loose coupling. This means that although many various factors are involved in creating a crisis or disaster, there is typically ample room for intervention prior to the escalation of an event (Hynes & Prasad, 1997). Mining industrial crises such as Westray tend to be more linear and loosely coupled, and disasters are typically caused by straightforward operator errors and disregarding safety rules
  • The creation of PSEPC highlighted the requirement to integrate resources and approaches to public safety internal to government. It is now time to re-focus and re-double our efforts on building up the many existing solid external linkages locally, regionally, nationally and internationally over the next three years as we build on our plans and priorities. This is why it is important to clearly state that the expected results outlined in this three-year plan are shared, collective results that cannot be achieved without key partnerships at the federal, provincial/territorial, municipal and international levels as well as with the private and voluntary sectors.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Tsunami e su a Lessons Learned for North American Responders Omar Ha-Redeye, AAS, BHA(Hons.), CNMT, RT(N)(ARRT) APCO Canada / NENA Ontario 2006 Conference & Trade Show “9-1-1 “9 1 1 in Any Language” Toronto Sheraton Hotel and Conference Centre October 1 – 4, 2006
    • 2. Overview • Structure: – Identify some major operational challenges in the tsunami relief in Indonesia – Provide corresponding examples from Toronto and Ontario
    • 3. Know your Risks • Environmental disasters will be major issue for entire globe in coming years – Water related events to top the list Water-related • Plan for specific hazards in vicinity and neighboring regions • Consider industrial hazards as well
    • 4. Date: Sep 24 2006 Time: 18:52:41.000 Loc: 43.3500N 79.2700W Depth: 5.00 Km Magnitude: 1.8MN Lake Ontario. 17 km N from St. Catharines, Ontario.
    • 5. Global Warming
    • 6. Forest Fires
    • 7. Canadian Tsunamis
    • 8. Canadian Volcanoes
    • 9. Industrial Hazards • Perrow’s Typology of systems characteristics Perrow s Systemic intricacies R i on Room for interventio
    • 10. Allocate Your Resources • Use of assessment teams centralized teams, information collection, to identify areas of need • Avoid bee-lining straight to center of disaster • Have regional resource distribution on hand h d – Measured responses
    • 11. Type:Police Station Type:Ambulance Station yp Name:52 Division Name:EMS Stn 40 Address:255 DUNDAS ST W Address:58 RICHMOND ST E Type:Fire Station Name:TFD Stn 332 Address:260 ADELAIDE ST W
    • 12. Maintain Useful Supply Routes • Huge amount of inappropriate donations clogged g pp p gg tiny airport in Banda Aceh – commercial cargo jet, a Boeing 737, collided with a water buffalo on the airport's only runway halting aid deliveries airport s for nearly 18 hours • ¼ of all aid t S i L k (500 containers) still sitting f ll id to Sri Lanka t i ) till itti on a dock in Colombo awaiting claiming or processing
    • 13. From the airports… …to an open bed truck… …and back again. …through the virginal rainforests of through Aceh…
    • 14. Alternative Routes in S Ontario
    • 15. Utilize Community Leadership • Identify existing organizations and power structures • Involve leadership of various groups in planning and execution of response plan • U existing networks of communication t Use i ti t k f i ti to obtain and disseminate information
    • 16. Leadership in Aceh Javanese Style Administration Ad i i t ti - Kades (Kepala Desa) - Kelurahan (Lurah) Keutchik Imam (village chief) (religious leader)
    • 17. Portfolio o o o o of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
    • 18. Vulnerable Populations • Women –M l F Male:Female Survivor Ratio 3 1 ( 80% d th f l S i R ti 3:1 (~80% deaths female) l ) • Children – Reported missing often dead missing, – Unable to fend for themselves, orphaned • Physically & Mentally Disabled – Different communication media – Evacuation challenges • Minorities – Disproportionate aid, further marginalization p p , g
    • 19. First Nation Inuit Métis
    • 20. Cultural Differences • Cultural and linguistic barriers can pose a considerable challenge for responders • Prepare and develop competency prior to deployment to enhance operational effectiveness
    • 21. Albanian Arabic Chinese Farsi French Greek Hungarian Italian Korean Polish Portuguese Punjabi Russian Somali Spanish Tamil Turkish Ukrainian Vietnamese
    • 22. Summary 1. 1 Know your local and regional risks – Environmental and Industrial 2. 2 Allocate resources appropriately – Maintain supply routes 3. Utilize community leadership and support 4. Protect vulnerable populations p p – Socioeconomic/politically marginalized/disabled groups require special attention
    • 23. Discussion • What are the major risks in your region? • Are you adequately prepared for a major disaster?
    • 24. Acknowledgements • All of our sponsors, volunteers, and contributors f l t d t ib t