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Presentation at the Federation of Asian Canadian Lawyers (FACL) 5th Annual Conference.

Presentation at the Federation of Asian Canadian Lawyers (FACL) 5th Annual Conference.

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  • http://www.ontechnologylaw.com/2010/06/cease-and-desist-letters-four-ways-to-keep-your-client-and-yourself-from-looking-foolish/
  • http://www.slaw.ca/2009/10/14/cloud-computing-and-the-legal-significance-of-terms-of-service/ http://danmichaluk.wordpress.com/2009/10/11/case-report-court-finds-warantless-search-for-isp-subscriber-info-unresonable-admits-evidence/ http://www.slaw.ca/2009/09/13/norwich-orders-applied-to-gmail-account http://www.canlii.org/en/on/onsc/doc/2009/2009canlii46447/2009canlii46447.html http://www.citmedialaw.org/threats/cohen-v-google-blogger

Social Media and Privacy Law Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Federation of Asian Canadian Lawyers (FACL), Annual Fall Conference 2011, November 12, 2011 Osgoode Professional Development Centre, 1 Dundas St. W, 26th Floor Social Media and Privacy Law Omar Ha-Redeye Barrister & Solicitor
  • 2.
    • 1) Rules of Professional Conduct
    • 2) Reputation Management Law
  • 3. Rule 2.03 - Confidentiality
  • 4.  
  • 5. Rule 3.01(1-2) – Marketing and Advertising
  • 6.  
  • 7. Rule 3.03(1) - Specialists
  • 8. Rule 4.05 - Jurors
    • .
  • 9. Rule 4.06 – Administration of Justice
  • 10. Rule 6.01 - Integrity
  • 11. Marc Prensky. Digital Natives Digital Immigrant. On the Horizon (MCB University Press, Vol. 9 No. 5, October 2001) http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/prensky%20-%20digital%20natives,%20digital%20immigrants%20-%20part1.pdf Rule 6.03 - Civility
  • 12.  
  • 13. Rule 6.03 - Relationship to Others Rule 6.06 – Public Statements
  • 14. Reputation Management Law
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. Online Reputation Management Plan
  • 18. Pre-Litigation Options
    • Warning letter
    • Notice (and takedown)
      • notice and notice in Canada
    • Just ask nicely
  • 19. Cease and Desist Letters
    • Think carefully about whether to send it
    • Consider the response
    • Stick to the facts
    • Don’t threaten to sue 
    • Don’t set a compliance deadline or written response
    • Adapted from D.C. Toedt III, Cease-and-desist letters: Five ways to keep your client and yourself from looking foolish, June 29, 2010 http://www.ontechnologylaw.com/2010/06/cease-and-desist-letters-four-ways-to-keep-your-client-and-yourself-from-looking-foolish/
  • 20. Anonymity is a Myth
    • R. v. Cuttell , 2009 ONCJ 471
      • 3 rd Party custody of confidential information does not automatically extinguish any reasonable expectation of privacy
      • rights reserved by the third-party vis-a-vis
    • Cohen v. Google, Inc., Index No. 100012/09 (N.Y. Cty. Aug. 17, 2009)
      • Skanks in NYC (Blogspot)
      • pre-action disclosure
      • Revealed an acquaintance behind postings
    • Swartz v. Does, 6 th circuit, Tennessee
      • P subpoena Google
      • P entitled to discover identity of anonymous blogger
  • 21. Different Approaches to Anonymity
    • York University v. Bell Canada Enterprises , 2009 CanLII 46447 (ON S.C.)
      • Use of pre-action discovery mechanism called a Norwich order
        • Privacy interest v. interests of justice
        • Limited for specific purposes, not absolute
      • Privacy interests overridden by s. 7(3)(c) of PIPEDA
    • Warman v. Wilkins-Fournier , 2009 CanLII 14054 (ON S.C.)
      • disclosure provisions of R 76.03 of the Rules of Civil Procedure
      • Disclosure balanced with freedom of expression interests
    Matthew Nied, Unmasking Anonymous Defendants in Internet Defamation Cases: Recent Developments and Unresolved Issues, Canadian Privacy Law Review, Vol. 8, No. 3, February 2011
  • 22. Vigna v. Levant , 2010 ONSC 6308
    • P a lawyer with Canadian Human Rights Commission
    • Sued Ezra Levant, lawyer and political activist, for blog posts on his site
    • Awarded $25,000 in damages, and ordered defamatory posts removed
    • costs decision awarded over $32,500
  • 23. Reconsidering Damages in Online Defamation
    • Barrick Gold Corp. v. Lopehandia (2004), 71 O.R. (3d) 416
      • At Trial: D came across as a rant, not taken seriously
      • CA: Internet is "instantaneous," "borderless," and "far-reaching“, has "tremendous power to harm reputation“
      • Increased compensatory damages from $15,000 to $75,000
        • Anonymity increased risk of it being believed
    • Matthew Nied, Damage Awards in Internet Defamation Cases: Reassessing Assumptions About the Credibility of Online Speech. Alberta Law Review, October, 2010. http://www.albertalawreview.com/index.php/alr/supplement/view/Damage%20Awards%20in%20Internet%20Defamation%20Cases
  • 24. Reputation Damage is Real
    • Social science evidence is compelling
      • Social media and online reputation has an impact in the offline world
    • Use of marketing studies, consumer surveys
    • Robert J. Currie. The Bounds of the Permissible: Using "Cultural Evidence" in Civil Jury Cases. Canadian Journal of Law and Society 20.1 (2005) 75-86
    • Monahan, John and Walker, Laurens “Social Authority: Obtaining, Evaluating and Establishing Social Science in Law” (1986) 134(3) University of Pennsylvania Law Review 477 - 518.
    • R. v. Butler , 1992 CanLII 124 (S.C.C.)
    • Irwin Toy Ltd. v. A.G. Que. , 1989 CanLII 87 (S.C.C.)
  • 25. Credibility Gives Higher Damages
    • Courts look to impact on readers, credibility of the source
      • Greater likelihood of suffering reputational harm
    • Should they look at SEO, Google Rankings, web traffic?
    • Dinyer-Fraser v. Laurentian Bank of Canada , 2005 BCSC 225, 40 B.C.L.R. (4th) 39
    • Advocate Co. Ltd. Husbands (1969), 5 Barb. L.R. 113 at 124 (C.A.)
  • 26. Crookes  v.  Newton , 2011 SCC 47
    • Abella (majority): recognized hyperlinks are a vital tool for distributing information online
      • 2/6 of majority have retired
      • Open to further refinement of republication rule
    • McLachlin/Fish (concurring): B.C. test looking at surrounding words adopting/endorsing defamatory content
    • Deschamps: Hyperlinks can still be a publication; contextual test looking at if information brought to attention of readers
      • Deep/shallow links, evidence of 3 rd parties receiving and understanding it
  • 27. Intermediary Liability?
  • 28. Online Reputation Management Plan
  • 29. Take Home Messages
    • Create your own personal website
      • Firm profile page is not enough
    • Protect your name on all major social media platforms
      • Don’t necessarily have to use them
    • Stay informed through legal publications, blogs, RSS
      • Eventually get engaged in the online community
  • 30. Contact
    • http://www.omarha-redeye.com/
    • [email_address]
    • @omarharedeye
    • http://ca.linkedin.com/in/torontolawyer
    • http://www.facebook.com/#!/TO.Lawyer