Religious accommodation in canada


Published on

Presentation on March 19, 2008 at Huron College, University of Western Ontario

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Ironically, rather than developing a legal formula to deal with issues of reasonable accommodation, the commission’s work to date promotes majoritarian values and predictably will result in diminished accommodation for minority religious beliefs and practices.
  • Religious accommodation in canada

    1. 1. Religious Accommodation in Canada“Shaping Canadian Identity: Middle Eastern Influences”<br />Omar Ha-Redeye<br />March 19, 2008<br />
    2. 2. Historical backdrop of tolerance<br />Landmarks in religious accommodations <br />Flash points<br />Bouchard/Taylor Commission <br />Specific fears<br />Conclusions <br />Overview<br />
    3. 3. French population considered invaluable during Confederation <br />Large population base<br />Geographic continuity<br />Required compromise of British/Anglican framework; foundation of Canadian Multiculturalism<br />French language rights<br />Catholic concessions<br />Canadian Tolerance<br />
    4. 4. Roncarelli v. Duplessi(1959)<br />Jehovah’s Witness and Attorney General of Quebec<br />religious minority v. French Catholic minority<br />SyndicatNorthcrest v. Amselem(2004)<br />Sukkahon balconies in Montreal<br />Religious beliefs v. private building rules<br />Bruker v. Marcovitz(2007)<br />Religious marriage contract<br />Binding on person who rejected belief<br />Landmarks in Religious Accommodation<br />
    5. 5. Asmahan (Azzy) Mansour, soccer hijab<br />International Football Association Board Law 4:"a player must not use equipment or wear anything that is dangerous to himself or any other player (including any kind of jewellery)“<br />FIFA games, women still wear hijab in Ontario, British Columbia, Australia, United States, Middle East; no safety risk demonstrated<br />Montreal YMCA frosted glass<br />Paid for by synagogue across the street<br />Voluntarily agreed to by YMCA<br />Publically protested, taken down<br />Flash Points on Accommodation<br />
    6. 6. <ul><li>Town Hall meetings
    7. 7. Attendees expressed strongly xenophobic, uninformed views
    8. 8. Similar to sentiments expressed in L’Heuroxville
    9. 9. Troublesome proposals by political parties
    10. 10. amend Quebec Charter of Rights
    11. 11. primacy of one right over another
    12. 12. hierarchy of rights, priority to gender equality over freedom of religion
    13. 13. Quebec Liberals: newcomers sign a “moral commitment” to the province’s core values
    14. 14. Parti Québécois: Quebec Charter of Rights be amended to permit the courts to protect and promote Quebec culture
    15. 15. Promote Christian tradition by the display of symbols, like the crucifix, in state institutions.
    16. 16. Final report expected this month
    17. 17. Jewish groups strongly oppose proposals</li></ul>Bouchard/Taylor Commission<br />
    18. 18. <ul><li>Do not allow prohibitions of religious expression in public institutions
    19. 19. No hierarchy of fundamental rights
    20. 20. Integration of minorities also means integration into the workforce
    21. 21. Preempt backlash against minority groups; more education campaigns, prevent hate crime
    22. 22. Government should publically challenge expressions of racism </li></ul>“Accommodation and Differences. Seeking Common Ground: Quebecers Speak Out.” Brief presented by B’nai Brith Canada – Québec Region<br />Response by B’nai Brith<br />
    23. 23. losing “our” values<br />spread of atheism<br />pluralistic families<br />perceived lack of social cohesion<br />Specific Fears<br />
    24. 24. Already here<br />Not wanted<br />Not what you think<br />What About Shari’ahin Canada?<br />
    25. 25. 1066<br />Already Here<br /><ul><li>Norman conquest of British Isles accompanied by conquest of Sicily from Muslims
    26. 26. Adopted jury system, action of debt, assize of novel deissisin</li></ul>John Makdisi, former Dean and Professor of Law, Loyola University New Orleans School of Law;The Islamic Origins of the Common Law, 77 N.C.L. Rev. 1635<br />1072<br />
    27. 27. Concept of citizenship in Islam, even under non-Muslim rule<br />“It is necessary upon a Muslim to listen to and obey the ruler, as long as one is not ordered to carry out a sin. If he is commanded to commit a sin, then there is no adherence and obedience.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, no. 2796 & SunanTirmidhi)<br />No distinction between obedience to Muslim or non-Muslim ruler, as long as it does not infringe on religious rights<br />Not Wanted<br />
    28. 28. Immense distinction between criminal and civil elements of Shari’ah<br />Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) <br />Honour Killings<br />Both are cultural practices predating Islam, common among non-Muslim populations in the mid-East as well<br />Strongly discouraged unanimously by accredited religious establishment <br />Not What you Think<br />
    29. 29. <ul><li>Religious minorities share similar challenges
    30. 30. Should result in greater cooperation, reciprocity in Canadian context
    31. 31. History of intolerance occurred in far less pluralistic society
    32. 32. Future challenges will be resolved by more tolerant courts
    33. 33. Society will have to learn about others
    34. 34. In time, will fear less, and understand more</li></ul>Conclusions<br />
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.