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The Periodic Table<br />Unit 8 – Physical Science<br />
Extended Periodic Table<br />
Metals<br />
Metalloids<br />
Nonmetals<br />
Periodic Table<br />Periods:  horizontal rows in the periodic table.<br />
Periodic Table<br />Families:  vertical columns in the periodic table, also known as groups.<br />
Periodic Table<br />First Two Families: S-orbitals<br />S1   S2<br />
S-orbitals<br />Each s-orbital can hold 2 electrons<br />3s2<br />2s2<br />4s2<br />5s2<br />7s2<br />
Periodic Table<br />Families:  vertical columns in the periodic table, also known as groups.<br />1s<br />2s<br />3s<br />...
P-orbitals<br />Each set of p-orbitals can hold 6 electrons<br />2px<br />2py<br />2pz<br />But, all individual orbitals h...
P-orbitals<br />2p<br />3p<br />4p<br />5p<br />6p<br />7p<br />
Periodic Table<br /><ul><li>Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons:  Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and gen...
Alkali Metals<br />s1<br />
Alkaline Earth Metals<br />s2<br />
Boron Family<br />s2p1<br />
Carbon Family<br />s2p2<br />
Nitrogen Family<br />s2p3<br />
Oxygen Family<br />s2p4<br />
Halogens<br />s2p5<br />
Noble Gas Family<br />s2p6<br />
Transition Metals<br />s2d#<br />
Lanthanide Series<br />s2d1f#<br />
Actinide Series<br />s2d1f#g#<br />
Transuranium Elements<br />All are artificial elements!<br />
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Unit 8 Periodic Table of Elements

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Transcript of "Unit 8 Periodic Table of Elements"

  1. 1. The Periodic Table<br />Unit 8 – Physical Science<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Extended Periodic Table<br />
  5. 5. Metals<br />
  6. 6. Metalloids<br />
  7. 7. Nonmetals<br />
  8. 8. Periodic Table<br />Periods: horizontal rows in the periodic table.<br />
  9. 9. Periodic Table<br />Families: vertical columns in the periodic table, also known as groups.<br />
  10. 10. Periodic Table<br />First Two Families: S-orbitals<br />S1 S2<br />
  11. 11. S-orbitals<br />Each s-orbital can hold 2 electrons<br />3s2<br />2s2<br />4s2<br />5s2<br />7s2<br />
  12. 12. Periodic Table<br />Families: vertical columns in the periodic table, also known as groups.<br />1s<br />2s<br />3s<br />4s<br />5s<br />6s<br />7s<br />
  13. 13. P-orbitals<br />Each set of p-orbitals can hold 6 electrons<br />2px<br />2py<br />2pz<br />But, all individual orbitals hold 2 electrons<br />
  14. 14. P-orbitals<br />2p<br />3p<br />4p<br />5p<br />6p<br />7p<br />
  15. 15. Periodic Table<br /><ul><li>Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.</li></ul>Li 1s22s1<br />
  16. 16. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Li 1s22s1<br />Be 1s22s2<br />
  17. 17. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />B 1s22s22p1<br />
  18. 18. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />B 1s22s22p1<br />
  19. 19. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />B 1s22s22p1<br />C 1s22s22p2<br />
  20. 20. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />B 1s22s22p1<br />C 1s22s22p2<br />N 1s22s22p3<br />
  21. 21. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />B 1s22s22p1<br />C 1s22s22p2<br />N 1s22s22p3<br />O 1s22s22p4<br />
  22. 22. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />B 1s22s22p1<br />C 1s22s22p2<br />N 1s22s22p3<br />O 1s22s22p4<br />F 1s22s22p5<br />O 1s22s22p4<br />
  23. 23. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Ne 1s22s22p6<br />
  24. 24. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Ne 1s22s22p6<br />Na 1s22s22p63s1<br />
  25. 25. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Ne 1s22s22p6<br />Na 1s22s22p63s1<br />Mg ????????<br />This is the secret question<br />
  26. 26. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Ne 1s22s22p6<br />Na 1s22s22p63s1<br />Mg 1s22s22p63s2<br />
  27. 27. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Halogens<br />F 1s22s22p5<br />
  28. 28. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Halogens<br />F 1s22s22p5<br />Cl1s22s22p63s23p5<br />
  29. 29. Periodic Table<br />Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.<br />Halogens<br />F 1s22s22p5<br />Cl1s22s22p63s23p5<br />Br1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p5<br />
  30. 30. Alkali Metals<br />s1<br />
  31. 31. Alkaline Earth Metals<br />s2<br />
  32. 32. Boron Family<br />s2p1<br />
  33. 33. Carbon Family<br />s2p2<br />
  34. 34. Nitrogen Family<br />s2p3<br />
  35. 35. Oxygen Family<br />s2p4<br />
  36. 36. Halogens<br />s2p5<br />
  37. 37. Noble Gas Family<br />s2p6<br />
  38. 38. Transition Metals<br />s2d#<br />
  39. 39. Lanthanide Series<br />s2d1f#<br />
  40. 40. Actinide Series<br />s2d1f#g#<br />
  41. 41. Transuranium Elements<br />All are artificial elements!<br />
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