Unit 8 Periodic Table of Elements
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Unit 8 Periodic Table of Elements

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Unit 8 Periodic Table of Elements Unit 8 Periodic Table of Elements Presentation Transcript

  • The Periodic Table
    Unit 8 – Physical Science
  • Extended Periodic Table
  • Metals
  • Metalloids
  • Nonmetals
  • Periodic Table
    Periods: horizontal rows in the periodic table.
  • Periodic Table
    Families: vertical columns in the periodic table, also known as groups.
  • Periodic Table
    First Two Families: S-orbitals
    S1 S2
  • S-orbitals
    Each s-orbital can hold 2 electrons
    3s2
    2s2
    4s2
    5s2
    7s2
  • Periodic Table
    Families: vertical columns in the periodic table, also known as groups.
    1s
    2s
    3s
    4s
    5s
    6s
    7s
  • P-orbitals
    Each set of p-orbitals can hold 6 electrons
    2px
    2py
    2pz
    But, all individual orbitals hold 2 electrons
  • P-orbitals
    2p
    3p
    4p
    5p
    6p
    7p
  • Periodic Table
    • Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Li 1s22s1
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Li 1s22s1
    Be 1s22s2
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    B 1s22s22p1
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    B 1s22s22p1
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    B 1s22s22p1
    C 1s22s22p2
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    B 1s22s22p1
    C 1s22s22p2
    N 1s22s22p3
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    B 1s22s22p1
    C 1s22s22p2
    N 1s22s22p3
    O 1s22s22p4
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    B 1s22s22p1
    C 1s22s22p2
    N 1s22s22p3
    O 1s22s22p4
    F 1s22s22p5
    O 1s22s22p4
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Ne 1s22s22p6
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Ne 1s22s22p6
    Na 1s22s22p63s1
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Ne 1s22s22p6
    Na 1s22s22p63s1
    Mg ????????
    This is the secret question
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Ne 1s22s22p6
    Na 1s22s22p63s1
    Mg 1s22s22p63s2
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Halogens
    F 1s22s22p5
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Halogens
    F 1s22s22p5
    Cl1s22s22p63s23p5
  • Periodic Table
    Valence Electrons: Families represent the electrons that are involved in the bonding of atoms and generally occupy the outermost s and p orbitals.
    Halogens
    F 1s22s22p5
    Cl1s22s22p63s23p5
    Br1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p5
  • Alkali Metals
    s1
  • Alkaline Earth Metals
    s2
  • Boron Family
    s2p1
  • Carbon Family
    s2p2
  • Nitrogen Family
    s2p3
  • Oxygen Family
    s2p4
  • Halogens
    s2p5
  • Noble Gas Family
    s2p6
  • Transition Metals
    s2d#
  • Lanthanide Series
    s2d1f#
  • Actinide Series
    s2d1f#g#
  • Transuranium Elements
    All are artificial elements!