Use of Lift by Animals Riding “thermals” condors and hawks can soar for hours without flapping their wings.
Use of Lift by Animals Riding “ocean breezes” albatrosses can literally fly for days between wing flaps just feet above the water.
Use of Lift by Animals Flying fish use their fins as wings to fly above the water. This reduces drag, allowing them to go faster and to avoid predators. Penguins use their wings to “fly” underwater at high velocity
Variations on the ThemeOther Examples of Bernoulli’s Principal Paper airplanes, frisbees, and boomerangs are all examples of using Bernoulli’s Principal to get lift.
Variations on the ThemeOther Examples of Bernoulli’s Principal Hydroplanes use lift to reduce the boat’s drag in the water, allowed them to hit speeds in excess of 150 mph
Variations on the ThemeOther Examples of Bernoulli’s Principal Hydroplanes use lift to reduce the boat’s drag in the water, allowed them to hit speeds in excess of 150 mph However, if they get too far out of the water, it can be bad news.
Hydrofoils Hydrofoils use “wings” underwater to create lift, to reduce drag, for high speed ferries.
Variations on the ThemeOther Examples of Bernoulli’s Principal The Stealth Fighter and Stealth Bomber are so unstable to fly, that pilots do not actually control them. They are controlled almost completely by computers
Variations on Flight Today Helicopters push air downward to rise The osprey is half-helicopter half-airplane The Harrier can rotate its jets downward to take off or land vertically, or can flight like a normal plane
15th Century Leonardo Da Vinci, using the basic principals of flight, draws and explains various possible aircraft types. He never built or attempted to fly them himself.
1670’s Giovanni Borelli, a mathematician calculates human muscles are not strong enough for flight. Many attempted before and some still try afterwards.
1783 Jean François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make first successful flight in hot air balloon in France. Theyused the concept of bouyancy of gases and density changes withtemperature.
1797 André Jacques Garnerinis first to successfully descend to the ground on a parachute.
1852 Henri Giffard makes first steam powered airship that can be propelled and controlled.
1891 Otto Lilienthal starts flying first successful gliders
1902 Orville and Wilbur Wright begin flying gliders in preparation for their powered flight attempts.
1903 The Wright Brothers make first successful powered flights at Kittyhawk, NC First flight only lasted 12 seconds and went 120 feet. The longest was 893 feet.
So Much More Has Occurred Since It took many years before flying was common. In doing your assignment, look up advances in flight technology that occurred after the Wright Brothers.