Unit 1 Introduction To The Study Of Life

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  • 1. KEY CONCEPT Biology is the study of all forms of life.
  • 2. biosphere = everywhere life exists
    Earth is home to an incredible diversity of life.
    The biosphere includes all living things and all the places they are found.
  • 3. Earth is home to an incredible diversity of life.
    Every part of the biosphere is connected with every other part.
    The biosphere includes many environments.
    land environments
  • 4. Tidepool
    Estuary
    The biosphere includes many environments.
    • saltwater and freshwater environments
    • 5. The lower the atmosphere and deep under the crust
    • Biodiversity is the variety of life.
    Biodiversity generally increases from the poles to the equator.
    Biodiversity is greater in areas with consistently warm temperatures.
    Biodiversity is greater closer to the equator.
  • 6.
    • A species is one particular type of living thing.
    Members of a species can interbreed to reproduce.
    There are about 2 million different living species have been identified.
  • 7. All organisms share certain characteristics.
    Biology is the scientific study of all forms of life.
  • 8. An organism is any individual living thing.
    • All are made of one or more cells.
    • An organism is any individual living thing.
    • 9. All are made of one or more cells.
    All need energy for metabolism.
    • All respond to their environment.
    • 10. All have DNA that they pass on to offspring.
  • KEY CONCEPTUnifying themes connect concepts from many fields of biology.
  • 11. All levels of life have systems of related parts.
    A system is an organized group of interacting parts.
    A cell is a system of chemicals and processes.
    A body system includes organs that interact.
    An ecosystem includes living and nonliving things that interact.
  • 12. Biologists study many different systems.
  • 13. Structure and function are related in biology.
    Structure determines function.
    Proteins with different structures perform different functions.
    Heart muscle cells have a different structure and function than stomach muscle cells.
    Different species have different anatomical structures with different functions.
  • 14. Organisms must maintain homeostasis to survive in diverse environments.
    Homeostasis is the maintenance of constant internal conditions.
  • 15.
    • Homeostasis is the maintenance of constant internal conditions.
    Homeostasis is usually maintained through negative feedback.
    Negative feedback systems return a condition to its normal (set) point.
  • 16. Behaviors and adaptations can help maintain homeostasis.
    Hollow hairs transmit light to the skin and create insulation for cold environments
  • 17. Evolution explains the unity and diversity of life.
    Evolution is the change in living things over time.
    The genetic makeup of a population of a species changes.
    Evolution can occur through natural selection of adaptations.
    Adaptations are beneficial inherited traits that are passed to future generations.
  • 18. Evolution accounts for both the diversity and the unity of life.
  • 19. KEY CONCEPTScience is a way of thinking, questioning, and gathering evidence.
  • 20. Like all science, biology is a process of inquiry.
    Scientists make careful and systematic observations.
    • Scientists record observations as data.
    • 21. Scientists form a hypothesis as a possible answer to a     question.
    • 22. Scientists test their hypotheses and analyze their data.
  • Biologists use experiments to test hypotheses.
    Observational studies allow scientists to describe a phenomenon.
  • 23. Experimentals allow scientists to determine what causes a phenomenon.
  • 24. Experiments allow scientists to determine what causes a phenomenon.
    By smelling something other than orange juice, it can affect a person’s sense of taste.
  • 25.
    • Experimental studies allow scientists to determine what causes a phenomenon.
    Independent variables are manipulated.
    • Dependent variables are observed and measured.
    • 26. Constants are conditions that are kept the same.
  • A theory explains a wide range of observations.
    Theories explain a wide range of observations and experimental results.
    A theory is supported by a wide range of scientific evidence.
    Theories can change based on new evidence.