Olympic Sport Policy
By the end of this class you should know <ul><li>Role of the International Olympic Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Mandate, Go...
Major Games in Amateur Sport <ul><li>Olympic Games </li></ul><ul><li>Paralympics </li></ul><ul><li>Pan American Games </li...
Olympic History <ul><li>The first Olympic Games were held in 776 BC by Greeks…every 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Chariot raci...
The Olympic Movement <ul><li>The Festival of the Olympiad was reinstituted in 1896 (Athens)  </li></ul><ul><li>245 male at...
International Olympic Committee <ul><li>Baron Pierre de Courbertin (1896-1925) relaunched the Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>I...
The IOC <ul><li>Nonprofit organization independent of any government or nationality </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue in the billi...
IOC Mandate <ul><li>To encourage sport development, coordination and collaboration…to place sport at the service of humani...
Canadian Olympic Committee Vision <ul><li>Canada’s Winter Olympic Team in 2010 being 1st in the World </li></ul><ul><li>Ca...
COC Role <ul><li>COC is responsible for all aspects of </li></ul><ul><li>involvement in the Olympic Movement: </li></ul><u...
COC Mission and Goals <ul><li>The Canadian Olympic Committee is dedicated to developing and advancing sport and the Olympi...
COC Governance <ul><li>Two-tiered system of governance, Board of Directors (77) and staff </li></ul><ul><li>Board sets pol...
COC Sponsors
A Look Back (2001-04)‏ <ul><li>In 2001 Board agreed a new approach to the distribution of funding </li></ul><ul><li>Fundin...
Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Performance Enhancement:  Doping Control through Drug Testing </li></ul><ul><li>1968 beginni...
Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Choosing a Host City </li></ul><ul><li>Policy to guide bid selection process </li></ul><ul><...
Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Corporate Sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>IOC has policy to define who has the right to market...
Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Television Rights </li></ul><ul><li>IOC retains the right to negotiate television contract a...
Current Policy Issues <ul><li>New Olympic Sports </li></ul><ul><li>How many sports should the Olympics include? </li></ul>...
Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Security  </li></ul><ul><li>Major issue </li></ul><ul><li>IOC, NSO and OCOG all have securit...
Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Image and Politics  </li></ul><ul><li>IOC has taken great pains to maintain image of excelle...
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Olympic Sport Policy

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Olympic Sport Policy

  1. 1. Olympic Sport Policy
  2. 2. By the end of this class you should know <ul><li>Role of the International Olympic Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Mandate, Governance Structure and Priorities of the Canadian Olympic Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Issues Facing Olympic Sport </li></ul>
  3. 3. Major Games in Amateur Sport <ul><li>Olympic Games </li></ul><ul><li>Paralympics </li></ul><ul><li>Pan American Games </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth Games </li></ul><ul><li>World University Games </li></ul><ul><li>World Games for the Deaf </li></ul><ul><li>Special Olympics World Games </li></ul>
  4. 4. Olympic History <ul><li>The first Olympic Games were held in 776 BC by Greeks…every 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Chariot racing, boxing, wrestling, footraces, discus, archery </li></ul><ul><li>Sport was part of primitive religious festivals; played to honour gods </li></ul><ul><li>Wars stopped to allow for games </li></ul><ul><li>Games were abolished in AD 393 </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Olympic Movement <ul><li>The Festival of the Olympiad was reinstituted in 1896 (Athens) </li></ul><ul><li>245 male athletes from 13 nations </li></ul>
  6. 6. International Olympic Committee <ul><li>Baron Pierre de Courbertin (1896-1925) relaunched the Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>IOC founded in June 1894 to govern Olympic organization and policy </li></ul>
  7. 7. The IOC <ul><li>Nonprofit organization independent of any government or nationality </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue in the billions </li></ul><ul><li>IOC receives revenues from rights to the Olympic games, associated marks and terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Comprised of 115 members </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Rogge current President </li></ul>
  8. 8. IOC Mandate <ul><li>To encourage sport development, coordination and collaboration…to place sport at the service of humanity </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure Olympic games held </li></ul><ul><li>To promote peace, sport ethics, fair play, concern for the environment and sport for all </li></ul><ul><li>To fight discrimination, violence, doping…affecting health of athletes </li></ul>
  9. 9. Canadian Olympic Committee Vision <ul><li>Canada’s Winter Olympic Team in 2010 being 1st in the World </li></ul><ul><li>Canada’s Olympic Team in 2012 being among the Top 8 Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is a country where sport is central to its culture as evidenced by an active and healthy population participating at all levels in all communities </li></ul><ul><li>Olympic values, drug free participation and ethical behaviour guide our athletes and Canadian youth </li></ul>
  10. 10. COC Role <ul><li>COC is responsible for all aspects of </li></ul><ul><li>involvement in the Olympic Movement: </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in Olympic and Pan American Games </li></ul><ul><li>Managing a variety of cultural and educational programs promoting Olympic values </li></ul><ul><li>Grass roots programming to promote Olympic values </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting and supporting Canadian cities to bid to host games </li></ul>
  11. 11. COC Mission and Goals <ul><li>The Canadian Olympic Committee is dedicated to developing and advancing sport and the Olympic Movement for all Canadians from coast-to-coast-to-coast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top 3 in 2006 (Turin)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top 16 in 2008 (Beijing)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First in 2010 (Vancouver)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top 8 in 2012 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. COC Governance <ul><li>Two-tiered system of governance, Board of Directors (77) and staff </li></ul><ul><li>Board sets policy, vision and strategic direction </li></ul><ul><li>Current CEO is Chris Rudge </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rights holder” to hosting the Olympic Games in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Host duties turned over to Organizing Committee for Olympic Games (OCOG)‏ </li></ul>
  13. 13. COC Sponsors
  14. 14. A Look Back (2001-04)‏ <ul><li>In 2001 Board agreed a new approach to the distribution of funding </li></ul><ul><li>Funding to NSOs based on results at most recent Olympics or Pan Am Games </li></ul><ul><li>In 2002 created Canadian Olympic Excellence Fund to provide special funding for high performance athletes (7+M)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Own the Podium 2010 Program (2005-08) to result in 35 medals in Vancouver </li></ul>
  15. 15. Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Performance Enhancement: Doping Control through Drug Testing </li></ul><ul><li>1968 beginning of drug testing for athletes </li></ul><ul><li>World Anti Doping Agency formed 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Mandate: communicate, define, test, sanction </li></ul>
  16. 16. Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Choosing a Host City </li></ul><ul><li>Policy to guide bid selection process </li></ul><ul><li>Policy to address behaviour of IOC members re: bid cities </li></ul><ul><li>IOC Ethics Commission created </li></ul>
  17. 17. Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Corporate Sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>IOC has policy to define who has the right to market and sell which sponsorships </li></ul><ul><li>Added clause giving veto power over sponsors’ marketing plans </li></ul><ul><li>Host city must not have over-reliance on commercial sponsorship </li></ul>
  18. 18. Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Television Rights </li></ul><ul><li>IOC retains the right to negotiate television contract and shares revenues among the NSOs, OGOCs and ISFs </li></ul>
  19. 19. Current Policy Issues <ul><li>New Olympic Sports </li></ul><ul><li>How many sports should the Olympics include? </li></ul><ul><li>IOC has policy to define exactly which sports will compete and how to add new sports </li></ul><ul><li>3 categories: active, recognized, past </li></ul>
  20. 20. Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Major issue </li></ul><ul><li>IOC, NSO and OCOG all have security policies in place </li></ul><ul><li>Olympic Village accreditation </li></ul>
  21. 21. Current Policy Issues <ul><li>Image and Politics </li></ul><ul><li>IOC has taken great pains to maintain image of excellence and ethical behaviour; role in world peace…. </li></ul><ul><li>However, viewed by some as a closed shop </li></ul><ul><li>Politics are unavoidable…governments use Olympics to send messages via boycotts, etc. </li></ul>

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