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Lecture for 10.15/10.19.09 for 4th/8th Period American Lit

Lecture for 10.15/10.19.09 for 4th/8th Period American Lit

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  • 1. Declaring independence
    • Looking at the ever famous Declaration of Independence
  • 2. Our goals for today
    • Content Goal: To be able to critically read, analyze, discuss, and write critically about the colonies rebellion against the British government. Additionally, view how Jefferson uses parallelism as a rhetorical literary device.
    • Social Goal: To be able to work efficiently (and on task) within teams.
    • Language Goals: understand and learn words such as parallelism, unalienable, usurpations, candid, perfidy, and magnanimity.
  • 3. Literary Term: Parallelism
    • Definition: Parallelism refers to the repeated use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar in structure or meaning.
    • Real world definition: The use of repetitious words, phrases, or whole sentences to make a powerful point.
  • 4. About the author: T.J.
    • Born to a wealthy Virginia family.
    • Graduated college from William and Mary
    • Instrumental in the writing of The Declaration of Independence.
    • Secretary of State 1789
    • Vice President to John Adams.
    • Instrumental in the Louisiana Purchase
  • 5. Let’s talk FREEDOM
    • You have heard the question before- What does freedom mean to you?
    • Please write down your initial thoughts in your cornell notes. Please label your left hand side Freedom?
    • Let’s take a look at the Declaration of Independence.
    • We WILL come back to this idea of freedom.
  • 6. Points to glean
    • Dissolving political bands: What is their point of contention with this issue? Who are the political bands? What is their specific grievance?
    • All men created equal: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The foundation for all of the political thinkers. We will not leave the ideas of the Declaration of Independence.
    • Prudence: Acting or showing care and thought for the future.
    • If TJ says that PRUDENCE is determining the fate of America, what considerations for the future do you think the founding fathers took into account as they developed our nation?
  • 7.
    • Despotism= Tyranny. Keep this in the back of your mind. Remember the entire point of declaring independence was to becoming “free” from the constraints of Britain.
    • Give some examples of those constraints.
    • Thoughts? Are they correct in their dissension (rebellion)?
    • Were the colonies free from Tyranny? Did they “remove the plank from their own eye.”
  • 8. Howard Zinn
    • He is an American author, political scientist, and historian who likes to take a non-traditional approach to the learnings of United States history.
    • He feels that the traditional history books only tell one story.
    • Please note that we will be looking at Howard Zinn’s historical findings. They can be controversial. An important part of the study of English is being able to see all sides. Let’s use this as a means of discussion and analysis.
  • 9. What is Freedom?
    • Revisit your first writing on freedom. After exploring your initial thoughts about freedom, reading the DOI, and reading Howard Zinn’s Tyranny is Tyranny , has your perspective on freedom changed? If so, please write how. If not, please write why you think the way you do.
  • 10. Classwork
    • TJ’s DOI is pretty heavy and charged. He talks about “unalienable rights” and objecting over “the establishment of absolute tyranny.” He claims that the colonists have done “every stage of these oppressions.”
    • Please find three statements of Jefferson that supports his claim that the king’s objective was “the establishment of absolute tyranny over the states.” Once you have found the three statements, please come up with a short paragraph similar to the one you did for T-Paine.
    • In simpler terms: find three quotes about TJ’s view on the king as an oppressor/tyrant. Then explain/argue/analyze the points.
  • 11. Example
    • In The Declaration of Independence , Thomas Jefferson asserts that King George has created an establishment of absolute tyranny in the states. He notes that, though living peaceably, the colonies were subject to threatening oversight, as the king “kept among us in times of peace standing armies without the consent of our legislature.”
    • Note: This is just one example sentence. Feel free to use the first sentence as your topic sentence.