I. Leadership – The Definition Leadership is the process of influencing others toachieve the organizational goals. Leadership is an interaction between the leader, thefollowers, and the situation.3Boss says “Go!”, leadersays “Let’s go!”Leader knows theway, shows the way, &goes the way.LEADERSHIPVISIONACHIEVECOMMUNICATECREDIBILITY“To lead the people, walk behind them.”—Lao Tzu
“Leaders come in many forms, with many styles and diversequalities. There are quiet leaders and leaders one can hearin the next county. Some find their strength ineloquence, some in judgment, some in courage. . . . Thefact that there are many kinds of leaders has implicationsfor leadership education. . . . We should give young peoplea sense of the many kinds of leaders and styles ofleadership, and encourage them to move toward thosemodels that are rightfor them.”—John W. Gardner
1. Several Definitions of Leadership Leadership is about unlocking potentials, whetherindividual potential or that of a group, company, ororganisation. It is not about telling people what to do, but inspiringthem to see what they are capable of, then, helpingthem get there.“I suppose leadership at one time meant muscles; but today it means gettingalong with people.”—Indira Gandhi
2. Leader Vs. ManagerLeader Manager- Innovate - Administer- Develop - Maintain- Inspire - Control- Have long-term view - Have short-term view- Ask what and why - Ask how and when- Originate - Imitate- Challenge statues quo - Accept the status quo- Do the right things - Do things right
Leadership quality Good leaders know themselvesAn effective leader is not afraid to take on responsibilities. Sometimes it requires putting theorganisation or group first- and keeping it there. Good leaders are committedInspiring people with the highest ideals of character, conduct, patriotism, and service so thatthey can become happy and resourceful citizen. Good leaders know they don`t know everythingGather information and trust others` point of view before developing a plan of action. Good leaders are open to changeEverything is in motion , continually changing, forever adapting. Good leaders go the extra mile“setting the scene with small leadership acts gives you the credence and respect when bigthings happen”
II. Leadership Styles Leadership Style: the patterns of how a leader interactswith his/her followers.“Leadership style impacts the motivations ofemployees, either positive or negative.” The 6 leadership styles:1. Coercive2. Authoritative3. Affiliative4. Democratic5. Pacesetting6. Coaching
Values Values are traits or qualities that represent individual`s ororganisation`s highest priorities, deeply held beliefs, andcore, fundamental driving forces. Values defines what individual/organisation believes and howyou want your organisation resonating with and appealing toemployee and the external world. Values are guiding principles because the form a solid core ofwho you are, what you believe.Choose your leadership valuesAmbition, competency, individuality, integrity, responsibility, accuracy, loyalty, excellence, teamwork, diversity, quality, courage, efficiency, quality, learning, honesty, flexibility, discipline, accountability etc.
Entrepreneurial skills Building a society that is responsive to, encouragingand favourable to Youth Entrepreneurship is theresponsibility of every society as well as theGovernment. Encouraging the Youth to becomeentrepreneurs has a lot of advantages in terms ofsolving problems of unemployment in the economy aswell as paving way for the innovation and growth ofthe country
Youth entrepreneurship- an overviewOlusegun Obasanjo, was quoted as saying in Lokoja, Kogi State that “Nigeria haswatered down her moral standards to the point where many of the youth areconfused, discouraged, in deep trouble and streets are full of violence as a result ofyouth unemployment”. The unemployment rate in Nigeria was last reported at 23.9per cent in 2011. tribune 9th, 2012World youth unemployement rate (ILO)Youth population is estimated to be 1.5 billionemployable 620 millionprediction at ILO appr. By 2015 youth seeking for employment appr. To be 660 millionin asia alone youth employment is higher measuring up to 50-60%international Labor Organisation, 2012IMPLICATIONSthe above figures stand to reaveal the fact that Global youth unemployment could boomerangeto become a glober crises causing social and economical impact on all countries beside pushingthe economies and progress backward.
Building entrepreneurial skill through education Sustained educational and awareness building programscombined with training in business skills helps develop aculture that promote enterprise. Introducing youth entrepreneurship awareness buildingprogram at school college levels can ignite young minds tounderstand and wake up to unlimited and dreamt ofpossibilities that they have in becoming self employed. Nurturing youth entrepreneurship can be highly beneficialfor the society, economy as well as for the progress of thenations besides the individual`s self development andachievement.“A country`s competitiveness start not on the factory floor or in the engineering lab.It start in the classroom”Henry Ford.
Access to finance- barrier to YED Personal savings & borrowing from family and friends Borrowing from banks & FI
Be a job creator Not a job seekerEntrepreneurenterprisingThink out ofthe boxAbility tocreateoptionsAbility togatherresourcescreativeAble toattract besttalentNegotiatingwithalternativesYouth entrepreneurship as an alternative to tackle youth unemployment
Conclusion Leadership is the process, not the position. Use the combination of transactional and transformational Combine the power and influence into process of work. Keep the bright-side of yours and improve the dark ones Enhance your skills in perceiving, managing, using, & understandingemotions. Leadership and learner ship is indispensable. Keep followers close to the heart & improve them through effective delegation. Establish effective groups and teams to help you achieve the overall goals. Understand the pros and cons conflicts, and apply the appropriate techniquesto resolve them.“Leadership is based on inspiration, not domination;on cooperation, not intimidation”15