Soil Degradation in Eastern Africa Copyright Oklahoma State
Outline Colonization of Kenya Land Degradation Food Production Today
Colonization of Kenya Early 20th Century colonists from Europe 1930’s approximately 30,000 white farmers. World War II Independence 1963 Government shift of land to Africans.
Land Degradation 65% Agricultural land degraded. 31% Permanent pasture degraded. 19% Forest and woodland degraded. Water erosion responsible for 46%. Wind erosion responsible for 38%. Chemical degradation is 12% Physical degradation is 4%
Crop Production Over the past two decades crop production has decreased in Sub Saharan Africa. Only area in the world. Monocultures Soil is depleted of nutrients.
Conclusion Education!!! Farming Practices Environment Crops Aid
Works Cited "Agriculture - Kenya." Encyclopedia of the Nations. Advameg, Inc. 9 July 2009 <http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Kenya-AGRICULTURE.html>. Koning, Niek, and Eric Smaling. "Environmental crisis or ‘lie of the land’? The debate on soil degradation in Africa." Land Use Policy 22 (2005): 3-11. ScienceDirect. 2 Mar. 2004. Elsevier Ltd. 8 July 2009. Muchena, F. N., D. D. Onduru, G. N. Gachini, and A. De Jager. "Turning the tides of soil degradation in Africa: capturing the reality and exploring opportunities." Land Use Policy 22 (2005): 23-31. ScienceDirect. 5 Mar. 2009. Elsevier Ltd. 8 July 2009.