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The culture of the United Kingdom is the patternof human activity and symbolism associated withthe United Kingdom and its people. It is informedby the UKs history as a developed islandcountry, liberal democracy and major power, itspredominantly Christian religious life, and itscomposition of four countries—England,Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales—each ofwhich has distinct customs, cultures andsymbolism. The wider culture of Europe has alsoinfluenced British culture, and Humanism,Protestantism and representative democracydeveloped from broader Western culture.
British literature, music, cinema, art, theatre,media, television, philosophy and architectureare influential and respected across the world.The United Kingdom is also prominent in scienceand technology. Sport is an important part ofBritish culture; numerous sports originated inthe country, including the national game,football. The UK has been described as a"cultural superpower", and London has beendescribed as a world cultural capital.
The PeoPle of BriTainBritish people live in the UK. They are peoplewho live in England, Scotland, Wales orNorthern Ireland. British people can alsoeither be English, Scottish, Welsh, or Irish(from Northern Ireland only).The British are said to be reserved in manners,dress and speech. They are famous for theirpoliteness, self-discipline and especially fortheir sense of humour. British people have astrong sense of humour which sometimes canbe hard for foreigners to understand.
SYMBolS of enGlanDEngland is one of thecountries that make up GreatBritain. Each country has itsown famous places, peopleand objects associated withthem.Many images associated withEngland are found onsouvenirs. Most commonlydepicted are the flag ofEngland (St Georges Cross),Royal Guardsmen, Double
Pillar and TelePhoneBoxesBoth the post box and telephone box have apicture of a crown on them. The crown on thepostbox also has the monarchs initialsunderneath. There are postboxes with VR(Victoria Regina) and GR (Georgeus Rex) still in
FaMoUs Means oFTransPorTRed double-deckersLondons double-decker red busesare world famous.The city has nearly1000 bus routesSightseeingbusesOne way of seeingLondons majorsights is on anopen-top double-decker bus.Tickets are validfor 24 hours andBlack taxisYou can phone fora black cab, hailone in the street orfind one in a rank,especially nearlarge railwaystations or somemajor hotels. Theycarry a yellow For
sPorTSports play an important part in the life inBritain and is a popular leisure activity.Many of the worlds famous sports began inBritain, including cricket, football, lawntennis, golf and rugby. Englands nationalsport is cricket although to many peoplefootball (soccer) is seen as national sport.Football is the most popular sport. Some ofEnglands football teams are world famous,the most famous being Manchester United,
CriCkeTCricket is played on village greens and intowns/cities on Sundays from April to August.The rules of cricket became the responsibility,in the 18th century, of the Marylebone CricketClub(MCC), based at Lord’s cricket ground innorth London.
FooTBallFootball is undoubtedly themost popular sport inEngland, and has been playedfor hundreds of years. In theEnglish Football League thereare 92 professional clubs.These are semi-professional,so most players have otherfull-time jobs. Hundreds ofthousands of people also playfootball in parks andplaygrounds just for fun. Thehighlight of the Englishfootball year is the FA(Football Association) CupFinal each May.
netballNetball is the largest femaleteam sport in England. Thesport is played almostexclusively by women and girls,although male participation hasincreased in recent years.golfScotland is traditionallyregarded as the home of golf.There are over 400 golf coursesin Scotland alone. The mostimportant golf club in Scotlandis in the seaside town of St.Andrews, near Dundee.
british traditional foodsBritish food has traditionallybeen based on beef, lamb, pork,chicken and fish and generallyserved with potatoes and oneother vegetable. The mostcommon and typical foods eatenin Britain include the sandwich,fish and chips, pies like thecornish pasty, pudding androasts dinners. Some of maindishes have strange names likeBubble & Squeak and Toad-in-the-Hole. The staple foods ofBritain are meat, fish, potatoes,flour, butter and eggs. Many ofdishes are based on thesefoods.
afternoon teaAFTERNOON TEA (The traditional 4 oclock tea)This is a small meal, not a drink. Traditionally itconsists of tea (or coffee) served with either of thefollowing:- Freshly baked scones served with cream and jam(Known as a cream tea).- Afternoon tea sandwiches - thinly sliced cucumbersandwiches with the crusts cut off.- Assorted pastriesAfternoon tea is not common these days becausemost adults go out to work. However, you can stillhave Afternoon tea at the many tea rooms aroundEngland. Afternoon tea became popular about onehundred and fifty years ago, when rich ladies invitedtheir friends to their houses for an afternoon cup oftea. They started offering their visitors sandwichesand cakes too. Soon everyone was enjoyingAfternoon tea.
high teaHIGH TEA (The traditional 6 oclock tea)The British working population did not haveAfternoon Tea. They had a meal aboutmidday, and a meal after work, between fiveand seven oclock. This meal was calledhigh tea or just tea‚ (Today, most peoplerefer to the evening meal as dinner orsupper.).Traditionally eaten early evening,High tea was a substantial meal thatcombined delicious sweet foods, such asscones, cakes, buns or tea breads, withtempting savouries, such as cheese ontoast, toasted crumpets, cold meats andpickles or poached eggs on toast. This mealis now often replaced with a supper due topeople eating their main meal in theevenings rather than at midday.
MUsiCBritain is more famous for pop music than it is for classicalcomposers or jazz musicians. Names such as The Beatles,the Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, Elton John,George Michael and The Spice Girls are known world wide.Over the last thirty or so years British pop music has led theworld in its range and quality, starting several new trends.Britain, along with the US, was the main contributor in thedevelopment of rock and roll, and Britain has provided someof the most famous bands, including The Beatles and manyothers. Britain was at the forefront of punk music in the 1970swith bands such as the Sex Pistols and The Clash, and thesubsequent rebirth of heavy metal with bands such asMotorhead and Iron Maiden.
Festivals and special daysin BritainJanuary- New Year (1st)- Bank Holiday- Twefth night(5th)- PloughMondayFebruary- CandlemasDay (1st)- St ValentinesDay (14th)March- St Davids Day(1st) (Wales)- St PatricksDay (17th)(Ireland)April- April FoolsDay (1st)- St GeorgesDay (23rd)(England)May- May Day (1st)- RochesterSweeps Festival- Two BankHolidays- WhistunJune- Trooping of theColour- Fathers Day- WimbledonTennisChampionshipJuly- Swan UppingAugust- EdinburghFestival- Notting HillCarnival- Bank HolidaySeptember- Harvest FestivalOctober- Halloween (31st)November- Bonfire Night(5th)- RemembranceDay (11th)-St Andrews DayDecember- Advent- Christmas(25th)
superstitions in BritainGood Luck- Lucky to meet a black cat. Black Catsare featured on many good luckgreetings cards and birthday cards inEngland.- Lucky to touch wood. Touch or knockon wood, to make something come true.- Lucky to find a clover plant with fourleaves.- White heather is lucky.- A horseshoe over the door brings goodluck. But the horseshoe needs to be theright way up. The luck runs out of thehorseshoe if it is upside down.- On the first day of the month it is luckyto say "white rabbits, white rabbits, whiterabbits," before uttering your first wordof the day.- Catch falling leaves in Autumn and youwill have good luck. Every leaf means alucky month next year.Bad Luck- Unlucky to walk underneath a ladder.- Seven years bad luck to break amirror.- Unlucky to see one magpie, lucky tosee two, etc..- Unlucky to spill salt. If you do, youmust throw it over your shoulder tocounteract the bad luck.- Unlucky to open an umbrella in doors.- The number thirteen is unlucky. Fridaythe thirteenth is a very unlucky day.- Unlucky to put new shoes on the table.- Unlucky to pass someone on thestairs.