Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Geography: Capital: Kabul Terrain: mostly mountain and desert Climate: Dry with cold winters and hot summers People: Population: 28.396 million Annual population growth rate: 2.6295 Languages: Dari, Pashto Main ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Turkmen Nationality: Afghan Literacy: 28.1%(male 43%, female 12%) Government: Islamic Republic Independence: August 19, 1919 Constitution: January 4, 2004 GDP per capita: $800
Afghanistan’s people believe in one God and his prophets including the 1 st and last prophet Muhammad
Islam is a religion of equality, unity and peace
Afghanistan government is an Islamic Government-Islam plays a key role in the people’s daily lives
Women were abused in a far greater degree while Osama Bin Laden and the Taliban reigned in Afghanistan. Women were prohibited from seeking employment, medical attention, or from doing anything outside the house without permission from their husband or father. Restricted to wearing a burqa when in public, which conceals their identity and covers their body from head to toe. If women were formerly employed prior to the Taliban’s takeover in 1996 they were fired.
Burqa Stigma- Justified? Women are not required by law to wear the Burqa but due to tradition women would be socially outcast if they didn’t. Worldwide the burqa along with the chadri (another garment, which conceals a woman’s identity) are viewed as tools of degradation that bar true equality from ever being accomplished in Afghanistan. The Taliban while implementing the law requiring women to wear the burqa, did not start the custom. In order for true change to occur, the psyche of highly esteemed and respected groups in Afghany culture such as the Jirga and Shuras would need to have a change of heart. AFGHANISTAN GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO BAN THE BURQA LIKE THE FRANCE GOVERNMENT DID IN 2011?
Life for Afghan Women in Wartime Since the arrival of American troops: A constitution has been written and established for Afghanistan stating: “the citizens of Afghanistan, whether man or woman, have equal rights and duties before the law.” Women have been able to find employment and reestablish themselves in careers they previously held prior to the Taliban takeover.
ACTS OF TRUE BRAVERY BY AFGHANY WOMEN. United States ambassador to Afghanistan, said the women who stood in line to vote on election day were threatened “by Taliban remnants” that they would be killed if they did so. (Washington Post)
Prevailing Problems Every 30 minutes, an Afghan woman dies during childbirth 87 percent of Afghan women are illiterate 30 percent of girls have access to education in Afghanistan 1 in every 3 Afghan women experience physical, psychological or sexual violence 44 years is the average life expectancy rate for women in Afghanistan 70 to 80 percent of women face forced marriages in Afghanistan (Afghanistan Online)
Government vs. Family Law. Differences based on tradition About 300 mostly young women gathered in Kabul to show their opposition to a recently passed law that forbids women from refusing to have sex with their husbands and requires them to get a male relative's permission to leave the house. About 1,000 people opposed to the protest surrounded the women and threw gravel and small stones as police struggled to hold them back. The group of counter-protesters included both men and women. (CBC News)
To Critics of the War on Terror The repression of women is still prevalent in rural areas where many families still restrict their own mothers, daughters, wives and sisters from participation in public life. They are still forced into marriages and denied a basic education. Numerous school for girls have been burned down and little girls have even been poisoned to death for daring to go to school. (Afghanistan Online)
Work Cited: “ Afghanistan”. U.S. Department of State . Web. 11 June 2011. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5380.htm “ Reelect Bush, Faults And All ”. The Washington Post . Web. 11 June 2011. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A10804-2004Oct29.html “ Afghan women pelted with stones during rape law protest ”. CBC News . Web. 11 June 2011. http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2009/04/15/afghan-women-protest015.html “ The Plight of Afghan Women”. Afghanistan Online . Web. 11 June 2011. http://www.afghan-web.com/woman/
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