OLPC Oceania Overview Nov09

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Overview of OLPC Oceania,One Laptop per Pacific Child …

Overview of OLPC Oceania,One Laptop per Pacific Child

Presenter: Michael Hutak, Regional Director, Oceania, One Laptop per Child,

Venue: OLPC/SPC Oceania Country Planning Workshop, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji, 17-19 November 2009.

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  • Its about Using ICT to learn, not learning to use ICT
  • OLPC is a non-profit organisation and is the designer, developer of the XO Laptop, developed at MIT, led by Nicholas Negroponte Based on seymour papert’s theory on constructionism OLPC negotiates with national governments to deliver the XO through existing education systems. Global PS partners subsidise prodn, fulfilment Deployment is owned by Central Governments
  • OLPC is a non-profit organisation and is the designer, developer of the XO Laptop, developed at MIT, led by Nicholas Negroponte Based on seymour papert’s theory on constructionism OLPC negotiates with national governments to deliver the XO through existing education systems. Global PS partners subsidise prodn, fulfilment Deployment is owned by Central Governments
  • OLPC is a non-profit organisation and is the designer, developer of the XO Laptop, developed at MIT, led by Nicholas Negroponte Based on seymour papert’s theory on constructionism OLPC negotiates with national governments to deliver the XO through existing education systems. Global PS partners subsidise prodn, fulfilment Deployment is owned by Central Governments
  • “ Constructionist learning” expressing, constructing, designing, modeling, imagining, creating, critiquing, debugging, collaborating
  • International space station (more than the total number in the rest of the world's oceans combined)
  • WORLD BANK More than 35 percent of the people of the Pacific islands live and work in towns, and the rate of urban population growth throughout most of the region is high (figure 1). Overall, eight of the twenty-two Pacific countries are now predominantly urban; by 2020 more than half the population in a majority of these countries will live in towns.
  • 2007 Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Summit, the leaders of 21 nations noted “the potential utility of the One Laptop Per Child initiative and the need for education authorities … to assess the priority to be accorded to it in their countries as a tool for education and disseminating information to rural and remote communities…”
  • 2007 Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Summit, the leaders of 21 nations noted “the potential utility of the One Laptop Per Child initiative and the need for education authorities … to assess the priority to be accorded to it in their countries as a tool for education and disseminating information to rural and remote communities…”
  • Coordinated by Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), with guidance from Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) SPC’s Rural Internet Connectivity System (RICS) programme is highly complementary with OLPC. The RICS system enables any rural community to have full and safe Internet connectivity (protected from inappropriate use by filters). RICS provides the broad infrastructure to accommodate large-scale OLPC rollout. At their Oct 2008 review, the SPC Committee of Representative Governments and Administrations approved SPC to seek funding to continue the OLPC program.
  • The OLPC Programme enhances, strengthens and aligns with regional and country education goals and plans, including countries’ global commitments to the MDGs and Education For All; There is broad country-level demand and political and community support for the OLPC programme in the Pacific, as evidenced by formal requests for trials by 13 countries; Small trials, while encouraging, provide an insufficient evidence base for policy makers; It is essential that M&E systems be integrated at the outset of any OLPC programme; Broader-based regional technical assistance is needed to aid country capacity building; A standing stock of XO laptops and hardware peripherals should be centrally maintained in the region to efficiently feed trial deployments in a timely and cost-efficient manner. CHILDREN: learning to learn (constructionism) “ using ICT to learn, not learning to use ICT” better quality basic education, better teaching access to latest curricula, the world’s info, and culture 1.6m digital books skills for lifelong learning (information literacy) protection of their own culture and language bringing new skills and knowledge home to share COMMUNITIES For remote communities, OLPC opens up access to: govt services telemedicine health and nutrition info & edu microfinance markets and market data weather info, disaster and emergency preparedness and response will help arrest urbanisation COUNTRIES Prepares the next generation for a connected global future Fosters and supports economic development at national, community and individual levels Targets those most in need, poor rural isolated communities: “Base of the Pyramid” development initiative Drives development of both knowledge and skills economy Unlocks skills and productive potential of entire community Catalyst for creating new derivative businesses in hardware and software support, maintenance, repairs, spare parts etc Builds infrastructure to kickstart ecommerce and support e-microcredit markets
  • 1. Pacific Country Trial model – developed to enable decision makers to fully assess the viability of implementing a scaled-up OLPC Country Programme in their schools. 2. Community Consultation Guidelines -- recommended principles for ensuring OLPC is introduced with the full involvement and consent of local communities. (See Annex) 3. OLPC Pacific Pool – funding proposal to establish a regional standing stock of XOs and peripherals Technical Working Group –5 key regional actors have developed a draft MOU to better coordinate and deliver technical assistance to countries wishing to conduct Country Trials of OLPC a. One Laptop per Child Association, Inc. – Supply chain oversight; donor, government relations; stakeholder engagement; policy development, advocacy and strategic planning; b. Secretariat of the Pacific Community – Technical assistance to countries on field deployment; liaison with ministries of education, academia, NGOs, schools and communities; c. International Telecommunication Union – Regional assistance with donors and agencies, resource mobilisation, facilitation of logistics , freight and shipping of equipment d. Australian Council for Educational Research – M&E development and guidance; e. OLPC Friends – Volunteer support to field deployments, community development, private sector engagement; knowledge management, lessons learned and best practices.
  • We have official requests like this now from 8 countries of 14 countries that have publicly committed to OLPC.
  • Developed as a result of lessons learned from pilots: Country Trial Plan outlining goals, M&E Minimum 1000 student participants Entire school must participate (no students excluded) Mix of urban, rural and remote schools Initial deployment must involve key personnel: Training of trainers Local IT deployment specialists Teachers and other key edu. staff inc. inspectors and M&E specialists Community engagement program M&E framework Designated TWG Focal Point
  • Objective: Facilitate OLPC Country Trials in 13 PICTs Formed to establish governance, secure funding and mobilise resources to: • complete existing OLPC trials in five PIF member countries and commence trials in eight more at the request of countries and key actors. • provide evidence and frameworks to enable PIF countries to adequately assess whether to take OLPC to scale in their countries and across the region OLPC – Supply chain oversight; donor, government and media relations; stakeholder engagement; policy development, advocacy and strategic planning; SPC -- Technical assistance to countries on OLPC deployment in the field including follow-up support; liaison with ministries, academia, NGOs, schools and communities; ACER – Monitoring and evaluation development, guidance, and oversight; ITU – Regional assistance with IGOs, donors and relevant agencies, resource mobilisation, including facilitating logistics , freight and shipping of equipment OLPC Friends – Support to field trials through volunteer resource management, community development, private sector engagement; knowledge management including documentation of deployment experience, lessons learned and best practices.
  • Objective: Facilitate OLPC Country Trials in 13 PICTs Formed to establish governance, secure funding and mobilise resources to: • complete existing OLPC trials in five PIF member countries and commence trials in eight more at the request of countries and key actors. • provide evidence and frameworks to enable PIF countries to adequately assess whether to take OLPC to scale in their countries and across the region OLPC – Supply chain oversight; donor, government and media relations; stakeholder engagement; policy development, advocacy and strategic planning; SPC -- Technical assistance to countries on OLPC deployment in the field including follow-up support; liaison with ministries, academia, NGOs, schools and communities; ACER – Monitoring and evaluation development, guidance, and oversight; ITU – Regional assistance with IGOs, donors and relevant agencies, resource mobilisation, including facilitating logistics , freight and shipping of equipment OLPC Friends – Support to field trials through volunteer resource management, community development, private sector engagement; knowledge management including documentation of deployment experience, lessons learned and best practices.
  • Private Sector OLPC Oceania Technical Working Group needs a reputable lead private sector partner,   Direct Funding (Pacific Pool) Country focus Project focus Marketing assistance (POS network) Resource Mobilisation Private Sector leadership Technical know-how Microfinance Partnerships Micro Enterprise Development (MED) programs High profile Community Awareness Regulatory assistance
  • 2007 Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Summit, the leaders of 21 nations noted “the potential utility of the One Laptop Per Child initiative and the need for education authorities … to assess the priority to be accorded to it in their countries as a tool for education and disseminating information to rural and remote communities…”
  • OLPC deployments in schools which provide a credible evidence base to enable countries to assess their capacity and readiness to take OLPC sustainability from trials to full scale; Monitoring and evaluation framework and country-level M&E baseline model, which each country can tailor to its needs; Needs and readiness assessment to take OLPC to scale in 13 PIF countries Independent evaluation of the effectiveness of the work of the Technical Working Group
  • Divine Word University, Madang, PNG is developing and running these PNG projects. OLPC is participating in regular meetings by conference. Lihir Sustainable Development Program – Landowners program associated with PNG gold mining project for Lihir Gold Limited (ASX:LGL) on the PNG island of Lihir Negotiating order for 5k, potential for 15k in total

Transcript

  • 1. One Laptop per Pacific Child Michael Hutak Regional Director, Oceania OLPC Country Planning Workshop 11-13 November 2009 University of the South Pacific Suva, Fiji
  • 2.
    • “ An education project, not a laptop project…
    • … children are our mission, not our market.”
  • 3. OLPC MISSION: develop and distribute a robust, low-cost laptop that can transform how we educate the world's children.
  • 4. One Laptop per Child
    • Global non-profit association
    • MIT Media Lab
    • First project in Senegal in 1982
    • XO laptop launched in 2005.
    • First XO deployment Feb ‘07
    • Mass production Nov ’07
    • 1.2m units produced
    • Projects in 31 countries in 19 languages
  • 5. One Laptop per Child
    • OLPC Foundation
      • advocacy for 1-to-1 computing and joyful learning
      • using grassroots technology for education in developing countries
      • champion for children
    • OLPC Association
      • Develops and manufactures the XO laptop
      • services deployment
  • 6. Global start-up partners
  • 7. a child-centred approach
    • Children lack opportunity not capability
    • Learning to learn; learning by doing
    • Inquiry beyond school, school hours
    • Reaching the poorest, most isolated kids
    • Using ICT to learn, not learning to use ICT!
  • 8. Five core principles
    • child ownership*
    • low ages
    • saturation
    • connection
    • free & open source
    • * In the Pacific, child is custodian
  • 9. The Pacific
    • World’s largest ocean – stretching from pole to pole
    • 46% of Earth's water surface
    • 32% of Earth's total surface area
    • Larger than all of the Earth's land area combined.
    • approx. 25,000 islands
  • 10. Pacific challenges
      • Poverty: 6 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) -- Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Is., Tuvalu, Vanuatu and PNG.
      • Globalization, natural and human- made disasters, food security, rapid population growth and increasing rates of urbanization
      • Climate change -- PICs less than 0.5% global emissions, yet 3 X more vulnerable to CC(IPCC)
      • Impacts on the environment esp. depleted fish stocks
      • Protection of indigenous language, culture and practices, local markets and livelihoods, communities and families
      • Fragile states, governance, weak capacity
  • 11. Pacific education
    • c. 1.7m children aged 6-12
    • 40% 6-12yos attend no school
    • Church sector has significant skills and capacity
    • Movement to preserve indigenous languages
      • PNG: over 830 languages, inc. English and two lingua francas, Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu.
      • 435 languages used for initial education, in 1980 just two in Bougainville (North Solomons)
    • Pacific-wide trend to emerging level of formal education called “elementary” – years 1-3 taught in the vernacular
  • 12. One Laptop per Pacific Child
    • Focus on partnership
    • Empowerment of communities
    • Country-led national programmes
    • Regional coord & tech assistance
    • Country-to-country exchange
    • Collaborative, inclusive approach
  • 13. Global and Pacific Policy Framework
    • In the Pacific, OLPC is guided by several core policy touchstones:
    • 1990 Convention on the Rights of the Child
    • 2000 Education for All (UNESCO)
    • 2000 Millennium Development Goals
      • MDG 1 – poverty and hunger
      • MDG 2 – universal primary education
      • MDG 3 – gender equality
      • MDG 8 – partnership for development
    • 2005 Tunis Commitment to bridge the digital divide, WSIS
    • 2005 Pacific Aid Effectiveness Principles
    • 2005-14 UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development
    • 2005, 2007 Pacific Plan, Pacific Islands Forum
    • 2007 Pacific Regional Digital Strategy
    • 2007 PIF Leaders’ Communiqué
    • 2007 Cape Town Open Education Declaration
  • 14. OLPC Oceania 2008-15
  • 15. OLPC: successful project drivers
  • 16. OLPC Oceania 2008-15 2008 – Pilots in 5 countries 2009-10 OLPC introduced and assessed for scale-up by at least 13 countries 2010-15 OLPC scaled up to deliver by 2015 one laptop per every child in basic education
  • 17. Roadmap to One Laptop per Pacific Child
    • 2007 Pacific Plan, Digital Strategy
    • Pilot and design phase
    • OLPC/SPC Partnership
    • Pilots in 5 PIF countries
    • 2009-10 Program and implementation phase
    • Technical Working Group formed
    • Country led national programs OLPC introduced in 14 PIF countries
    • 2010-15 Scale up to sustainability
  • 18. 2008: Pilots in 5 countries
    • Regional TA Partners:
        • One Laptop Per Child Foundation Inc.
        • Secretariat of the Pacific Community
    • Pilots in 5 countries:
        • Nauru (1)
        • Niue (1)
        • Solomon Islands (3)
        • Papua New Guinea (3)
        • Vanuatu (1)
    • Funds expended – US$2.5 million:
    • OLPC donates 5000 laptops to Pacific worth US$2m
    • OLPC and SPC assign human resources worth US$500k.
  • 19. ‘ Every PACRICS site is an OLPC hub’
    • RICS provides the broad infrastructure to facilitate at-scale OLPC rollout in remote contexts.
    • Orders for 200 RICS sites
    • Approx 400 kids per site
    • ADB-funded for 5 years
  • 20. Niue
  • 21. Solomon Is
  • 22. Nauru’s rich task curriculum
  • 23. PNG
  • 24. OLPC PNG teacher training
  • 25. 2008 Pilot Phase: lessons learned
    • OLPC adds value for children, communities, countries
    • OLPC aligns with Pacific goals and plans, inc. MDGs
    • Country-level demand, political and community support in the Pacific
    • Small trials provide an insufficient evidence base
    • M&E should be integrated at the outset
    • Broader-based TA needed to build country capacity
    • A standing stock of XO laptops and peripherals should be centrally kept in the region to efficiently feed trials (“Pacific Pool”)
  • 26. 2008 Pilot Phase: outputs
    • Country-led, region-wide demand
    • Technical Working Group
    • Pacific Country Program model
    • 4. Community Consultation Guidelines
    • 5. OLPC Pacific Pool
  • 27. Country-level demand - official requests from (at least) 14 countries
  • 28. Pacific Country Program model
    • Developed by TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP from lessons learned from pilots:
    • Country Program Plan
      • Goals
      • Team/Governance/Coordination
      • Needs Assessment/Analysis
      • Implementation
      • M&E activities
      • Resource mobilisation
    • Rollout
      • must proceed with entire school populations (no students excluded)
      • should address priority needs of children and communities
      • should be coordinated across the whole of government
    • First deployment is highly strategic and must involve key personnel:
      • Training of trainers
      • Local IT deployment specialists
      • Teachers and other key edu. Staff inc. inspectors and M&E specialists
    • Community engagement program
    • M&E framework
    • Designated TWG Focal Point, National Core Team
  • 29. Coord Model: National Core Team
    • Cross-cutting “whole of government” approach
    • Cabinet sub-committee, led at Ministerial level
    • Reports to National Planning Committee
    • Workplan developed at Dept Secretary level
    • Five core sub-teams...
  • 30. Pacific model: vernacular edu
    • OLPC strengthens this movement and protects local languages
    • Cf: XO in Kosrae in FSM
      • First deployed to Years 4-6 in English
      • Older kids adapt XO to Kosrean
      • Then deployed to years 1-3 in vernacular
    • This model scalable across Pacific
  • 31. OLPC Oceania Technical Working Group Mission: Assess the viability of OLPC initiative in Oceania and its suitability for scaling up from 2010 to 2015. Objective: Facilitate OLPC Country Programmes in 13 PICTs
  • 32. OLPC Oceania Technical Working Group Mission: Assess the viability of OLPC initiative in Oceania and its suitability for scaling up from 2010 to 2015. Objective: Facilitate OLPC Country Programmes in 13 PICTs
  • 33. OLPC Oceania TWG – private sector roles
  • 34. OLPC Pacific Pool: Ripple effect
  • 35. 2009-10: Trials in 14 countries
    • Regional TA Partners:
        • Technical Working Group
    • Funds required 3.5m:
        • TWG 1.0m
        • Pacific Pool 2.5m
    • OLPC requested by:
          • Fiji • Samoa
          • FSM • Solomon Is.
          • Nauru • Tokelau
          • Niue • Tonga
          • Palau • Tuvalu
          • PNG • Vanuatu
          • RMI • Fr. Polynesia
  • 36. 2009-10 outcomes
    • OLPC Country Trials in 14 PICTs
    • Credible evidence base to enable countries to assess capacity and readiness to sustainability scale up
    • M&E country-level baseline model
    • Independent evaluation of TWG
  • 37. 2009: other projects in dev.
    • Papua New Guinea (Divine Word University)
      • PNG Sustainable Development Program
      • Lihir Sustainable Development Program
      • East Sepik Provincial Government
      • New Ireland Provincial Government
    • Timor-Leste
      • Talks w/ World Food Program, World Vision and TL Govt
    • Kosrae (Federated States of Micronesia)
      • 2.5k XOs over two years
    • Australia
      • 1800 of 5000 XOs to Pacific to remote aboriginal schools
  • 38. Painting created on the XO by child from Gaire, Papua New Guinea, 2008.
  • 39. Thank you. www.laptop.org