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The public sphere 2.0

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    The public sphere 2.0 The public sphere 2.0 Presentation Transcript

    • @olovholm
      #unsphere
      lovholm.net
      The Public Sphere 2.0
    • Informal Survey
      0: Do you want to participate in a short survey? 4 Questions
      1: Are you using the Internet ?
      a: Once a week
      b: Several times a week
      c: Once a day or more
      (d: ”All the time”)
      2: Are you using Social Networking Sites?
      a: Facebook
      b: Twitter
      c: MySpace
      d: Flickr
      e: Local variants (Vkontakte, StudiVZ etc)
      f: Topical variants (LinkedIn, Acadmia)
    • 3: Do you share information on the Internet?
      a: Discussions online - Newsgroup
      b: Homepage - Blog
      c: Social Networking Sites
      d: Colaborated encyclopedi (wikipedia, )
      e: Consumer reviews - Ratings
      4: Do you use Web services in your research work?
      a: Search Engines
      b: Social Networking Sites
      c: Colaborated encyclopedi
      d: Blogs
    • The Public Sphere
      Jürgen Habermas (1929 - )
      German Philospher
      Critical Theory
      Communicative rationality
      Public Sphere
      Influenced by Adorno, Horkheimer (Frankfurt IfSR), Kant, Marx, Hegel
      University of Marburg, University of Heidelberg, Max Planck in Starnberg
      7th most cited author in humanities (Times Higher Education Guide)
      Nic*Rad @ Flickr
    • Theoretical Foundation
      STATE
      PUBLIC SPHERE
      PRIVATE LIFE
    • ”The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere” (1962 & 1989)
      • Decline of the public spheres and democracy.
      - Sphere of manipulations (PR, advertisers, NGO)
      - Spectator politics through media.
      - Corporations takes over the institutions of communication
      - Controll by mass media
      - Consumer citizens / clients
    • 18th & 19th Century
      1900s and onward
      Now and beyond
      ?
      Many newspapers,
      Open discussions,
      Rationality,
      Arguments,
      Concensus
      Number of newspaper decreased,
      Closed governments
      Institutionalized
    • Success criterion for Public sphere
      the extent of access (as close to universal as possible)
      the degree of autonomy (the citizens must be free of coercion)
      the rejection of hierarchy (so that each might participate on an equal footing)
      the rule of law (particularly the subordination of the state)
      and the quality of participation (the common commitment to the ways of logic)
      (Rutherford)
    • Investigation
      Who:
      News: Journalists, Editors, Bloggers
      Politics: Parties, Politicians, Institutions, NGO
      Companies: Marketing division, Employers, CEOs
      Private persons: Readers, contributors, active citizens,
      What:
      Activity, practices, opinions