Kolb Theory Presentation by Theresa Bridges, James Cardin, and Amanda Walker
Outline <ul><li>Historical Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Kolb Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment Instruments </li></ul><ul><...
What is Typological Theory? <ul><li>Reflects different learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Non-evaluative </li></ul><ul><li>...
Learning depends on: <ul><li>Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Present environment </li></ul><ul><li>Past life experiences </li><...
Kolb’s Theory <ul><li>Four Stages or Cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete Experience (CE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refl...
Convergers <ul><li>Combination of AC and AE </li></ul><ul><li>Good problem solvers and decision makers </li></ul><ul><li>E...
Divergers <ul><li>Combination of CE and RO </li></ul><ul><li>Usually imaginative </li></ul><ul><li>Produce alternative sol...
Assimilators <ul><li>Combination of AC and RO </li></ul><ul><li>Have the ability to create theories  </li></ul><ul><li>Hav...
Accommodators <ul><li>Combination of CE and AE </li></ul><ul><li>Action oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and complete tasks...
Experiential Learning <ul><li>Concrete Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involving the learner in the experience </li></ul>...
Experiential Learning (con’t) <ul><li>Abstract Conceptualization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student using research and methods ...
Typological Theorists <ul><li>Kolb (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Myers-Briggs (1980) </li></ul><ul><li>Holland (1985/1992) </li...
Assessment <ul><li>According to Kolb (1984, 41), &quot;learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the tr...
Six Characteristics of Learning <ul><li>Learning is a continuous process grounded in experience.  </li></ul><ul><li>Learni...
<ul><li>&quot;The Learning Style Inventory (LSI) is a simple self-description test, based on experiential learning theory,...
Assessment Tool LSI <ul><li>Complete the Learning Styles Inventory handout </li></ul><ul><li>See handout for detailed expl...
References <ul><li>Chickering, A.W. & Associates. (1981). The modern  American college. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li><...
References (continued) <ul><li>Kolb, D. A. (1981) 'Learning styles and disciplinary differences'. in A. W. Chickering (ed....
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Kolb Theory

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  • Kolb Theory

    1. 1. Kolb Theory Presentation by Theresa Bridges, James Cardin, and Amanda Walker
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Historical Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Kolb Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment Instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Critique and Future Directions </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Typological Theory? <ul><li>Reflects different learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Non-evaluative </li></ul><ul><li>Explains interpersonal interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Patterned after Jung’s work </li></ul>
    4. 4. Learning depends on: <ul><li>Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Present environment </li></ul><ul><li>Past life experiences </li></ul>
    5. 5. Kolb’s Theory <ul><li>Four Stages or Cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete Experience (CE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective Observation (RO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract Conceptualization (AC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active Experimentation (AE) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Convergers <ul><li>Combination of AC and AE </li></ul><ul><li>Good problem solvers and decision makers </li></ul><ul><li>Excel at tasks that involve the single best answer </li></ul><ul><li>Often work in the physical sciences and engineering </li></ul>
    7. 7. Divergers <ul><li>Combination of CE and RO </li></ul><ul><li>Usually imaginative </li></ul><ul><li>Produce alternative solutions to problems </li></ul><ul><li>Usually people and feeling oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Usually work in humanities and liberal arts </li></ul>
    8. 8. Assimilators <ul><li>Combination of AC and RO </li></ul><ul><li>Have the ability to create theories </li></ul><ul><li>Have logical thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on ideas and concepts rather than people </li></ul><ul><li>Usually work in basic sciences and mathematics </li></ul>
    9. 9. Accommodators <ul><li>Combination of CE and AE </li></ul><ul><li>Action oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and complete tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Open to new experiences and change </li></ul><ul><li>Comfortable with people </li></ul><ul><li>Usually work in practical fields, such as business </li></ul>
    10. 10. Experiential Learning <ul><li>Concrete Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involving the learner in the experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Field experience, role play, interviews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Reflective Observation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage in activities that require him/her to step back and look at the experience or get others’ perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small Group Sessions </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Experiential Learning (con’t) <ul><li>Abstract Conceptualization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student using research and methods of their discipline to develop hypotheses when engaging in films, lectures or computer assisted instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Active Experimentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students can apply principles or theories in problem solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role play, “what if” situations, action planning </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Typological Theorists <ul><li>Kolb (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Myers-Briggs (1980) </li></ul><ul><li>Holland (1985/1992) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Assessment <ul><li>According to Kolb (1984, 41), &quot;learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Knowledge results from the combination of grasping experience and transforming it.&quot; He proposes that experiential learning has six main characteristic: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is best conceived as a process, not in terms of outcomes. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Six Characteristics of Learning <ul><li>Learning is a continuous process grounded in experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning requires the resolution of conflicts between dialectically opposed modes of adaptation to the world (learning is by its very nature full of tension). </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is a holistic process of adaptation to the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning involves transactions between the person and the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is the process of creating knowledge that is the result of the transaction between social knowledge and personal knowledge. </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>&quot;The Learning Style Inventory (LSI) is a simple self-description test, based on experiential learning theory, that is designed to measure your strengths and weaknesses as a learner. Experiential learning is conceived as a four stage cycle:    (1) immediate concrete experience is the basis for    (2) observation and reflection;    (3) these observations are assimilated into a &quot;theory&quot; from which new implications for action can be deduced;   (4) these implications or hypotheses then serve as guides in acting to create new experiences. </li></ul>Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI)
    16. 16. Assessment Tool LSI <ul><li>Complete the Learning Styles Inventory handout </li></ul><ul><li>See handout for detailed explanation of results. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss results </li></ul>
    17. 17. References <ul><li>Chickering, A.W. & Associates. (1981). The modern American college. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>Chickering, A.W. & Reisser, L. (1993). Education and identity (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>Delworth, U., Hanson, G. & Associates. (1989). Student services. (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>Evans, N., Forney, D., & Guido-DiBrito, F. (1998). Student development in college. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>Komives, S.R., Woodard, D.B. & Associates. (2003). Student services: A handbook for the profession. (4th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul>
    18. 18. References (continued) <ul><li>Kolb, D. A. (1981) 'Learning styles and disciplinary differences'. in A. W. Chickering (ed.) The Modern American College , San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. </li></ul><ul><li>Kolb, D. (1985). Learning style inventory. Boston, MA: McBer and Company </li></ul>
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