G C S E Revision Jan 5th Form Unit 2


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Revision Power point for the GCSE OCR Geography course unit 2 - Population + Settlement

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  • G C S E Revision Jan 5th Form Unit 2

    1. 1. GCSE Revision Unit 2 – Population and Settlement
    2. 2. People and Places to live <ul><li>What is the difference between population density and distribution? </li></ul><ul><li>What is common unit of measurement of population density? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the dependent population? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you calculate dependency? </li></ul><ul><li>Write an equation to include all of the variables when determining population growth. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Population continued… <ul><li>When was the one Child policy introduced? </li></ul><ul><li>List three limitations imposed </li></ul><ul><li>Why was it relaxed in 1999? </li></ul><ul><li>Where was the picture taken-> </li></ul>
    4. 4. Population and Settlement <ul><li>List three different pull factors attracting migrants to MEDCs such as the USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do some population pyramids have sections missing? </li></ul><ul><li>Which river are the migrants crossing? </li></ul>
    5. 5. ANSWERS - section 1 <ul><li>Density is the amount Distribution where </li></ul><ul><li>People / km2 </li></ul><ul><li>Old + young </li></ul><ul><li>0-15 + 65+ / 16 to 65 </li></ul><ul><li>BR-DR + Im - Em </li></ul><ul><li>1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Age of marriage raised to 22M + 20W, application needed, had to be working </li></ul><ul><li>Ageing population, BR19, not fair to rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico border </li></ul><ul><li>Health and Education, Better Quality of Life, Good employment generates an income. </li></ul><ul><li>Out migration or wars </li></ul><ul><li>The Rio Grande </li></ul>
    6. 6. Part 2 – settlement <ul><li>What type of settlement sits at the top of the hierarchy? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between threshold and sphere of influence? </li></ul><ul><li>Who devised the concentric circle model? </li></ul><ul><li>Which city was it based upon? </li></ul>
    7. 7. Settlement continued <ul><li>What type of housing are you likely to find in the inner city? Why is this so? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is most industry no longer located around the core? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the function of the CBD </li></ul><ul><li>What are the possible future uses of brown field sites? </li></ul><ul><li>Give an example of a recently regenerated area within a city </li></ul>
    8. 8. Settlements in LEDCs <ul><li>List three push factors forcing people from the countryside </li></ul><ul><li>What are some of the local names for shanty towns? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the main problems in Shanty towns? </li></ul><ul><li>How do self help schemes overcome these problems. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Four issues of modern cites
    10. 10. ANSWERS Settlement <ul><li>Primate City, Capital or conurbation </li></ul><ul><li>Threshold is the number of people to support a service, sphere of influence is the area it serves. </li></ul><ul><li>Burgess </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Terraced, dense, cheap and efficient </li></ul><ul><li>It causes pollution and access is difficult – some remains through inertia </li></ul><ul><li>A central place for retail, offices and administrative functions </li></ul>
    11. 11. ANSWERS Settlement <ul><li>New housing or specialist retail use </li></ul><ul><li>Swansea, London Docklands or Whitehaven marina </li></ul><ul><li>Landless, desertification or soil erosion, poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Bariados, Favelas, Bustees </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment, poor sanitation, crime and insecure tenure </li></ul><ul><li>They provide a structure, basic services and some security </li></ul>
    12. 12. What Now? <ul><li>Consolidate your Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Extract relevant facts </li></ul><ul><li>Do something with the data to make it real, personalise the experience </li></ul><ul><li>Classify or re-organise synthesising the key terms </li></ul><ul><li>Use a thinking map to order your ideas </li></ul><ul><li>BRIDGE BRACE BUBBLE </li></ul>