Representation of youth in the media

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Representation of youth in the media

  1. 1. Representation of youth in the media
  2. 2. MORAL PANIC
  3. 3. Moral Panic A condition, episode, person or group of persons emerges to become defined as a threat to societal values and interests; its nature is presented in a stylized and stereotypical fashion by the mass media Stanley Cohen (1972)
  4. 4. QUESTIONS WE WILL ANSWER IN TODAY’S LESSON: • How is youth represented in the media? • How does media language work to create meaning? • How are some representations stereotyped and stylized?
  5. 5. What do we already know about representation? I want EACH OF YOU to come and write a word or short phrase on the board which you think describes or explains representation. When you are not using the board, copy down what the others have written. You have 30 seconds to think of something. GO!!!
  6. 6. Representation • Everything you see or hear in ALL types of media has been carefully SELECTED and CONSTRUCTED in order to create meaning •Media representations often reflect the dominant ideologies of the society in which they are created
  7. 7. How is moral panic created in the media?
  8. 8. “HOODIES AND ALTAR BOYS” The word most commonly used by newspapers to describe teenage boys was "yobs" (591 times), followed by "thugs" (254 times), "sick" (119 times) and "feral" (96 times). Other terms often used included "hoodie", "louts", "heartless", "evil" "frightening", "scum", "monsters", "inhuman“ and "threatening". Research showed the best chance a teenager had of receiving sympathetic coverage was if they died.
  9. 9. What are the wider social implications?
  10. 10. What is meant by stylized and stereotyped representations ?
  11. 11. Top Boy (2011)
  12. 12. TECHNICAL CODES AUDIO CODES Sound: Camera Angles/ Shots: High Camera Angle Low Camera Angle Hand Held Camera Point of View Long Shot Mid Shot Close-Up Extreme Close-Up Tracking Shot Pan Tilt Diegetic Sound (in the world of the film)- dialogue, ambient sounds, etc. Non-Diegetic Sound (not in the world of the film)- Soundtrack, voice over, etc. Media Language SYMBOLIC CODES Editing: Shot/Reverse Shot Cross Cutting Cut Away Eye Line Match Mise-en-Scene: Everything that is on the screenLocation Props Clothing
  13. 13. In pairs, analyse how either technical, audio or symbolic codes are used to create meaning. Camera Camera Symbolic Editing Iqra Kevin Kate Sangam Nicole Zaynah Sumaya Ashwin Camera Camera Mustafa Ashleigh Ali Ewelina Mohamed Symbolic Editing Justin Rhea Daniel Pavan
  14. 14. http://www.channel4.com/programmes/topboy
  15. 15. Questions to consider • How is youth represented in this sequence? • How do technical codes, audio codes and symbolic codes work to create meaning? • Can you apply Cohen’s theory that representations are stylized and stereotyped (through media language)?
  16. 16. How do technical, audio and symbolic codes work to construct representations of youths in Top Boy?

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