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Basic landscape_climate_city analysis for Iceland and Reykjavik

Basic landscape_climate_city analysis for Iceland and Reykjavik

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  • 1. s ysi al an te d clima an l an ds ca p e
  • 2. North American Plate Euroasian plate Reykjavík Iceland is situated on the mid atlantic ridge between the North American plate and the Euro Asian plate. Volcanic and earthquake activity is therefore very high.
  • 3. About 10% of the country are glaciers. Green fjords and black lava sands. Trees in towns but landscape mostly bare and rugget. Low birch tree and moss vegitation
  • 4. glacier Landscape + settlement mountain (highest: 2110 m) agriculture sea mountain mountain village sea city sea
  • 5. We come from th e la nd of the ice an ds no w / From the midnight sun wh ere the h ot sp rin gs b low Short cool summers and long rather mild winters. Sun altitude 50° in summertime Sun altitude 3° in wintertime
  • 6. Average >Temperature Desember/January: - 0°Celsius July + 10°Celsius
  • 7. Main wind directions in Iceland are from North-East and South-West. Turbulent confluence of gulf stream winds and the northerly arctic storms. Wind from North prevailing. Often the best weather when winds are from North. Greater Reykjavík Area South and S-W winds rather common as well. Warmer and more wet.
  • 8. city an al ys is
  • 9. Volcanic eruptions, hardships and plagues caused population in Iceland never to cross over 50 000 inhabitants and it wasn´t until the 1800´s that population started to increase steadily and this society of peasants became a society based on small fishing villages around the country.
  • 10. On the South_Western side of the Island is Reykjavík which got capital status in 1786 There had always been a settlement in the Reykjavík area since the island was settled in 874 AC. In the 18th century the settlement started to grow around the fisheries. It had a good natural harbour and Greater Reykjavik Area soon most governmental 200 000 inhabitants agencies were gathered 63% of the population. in this area and it became the nations capital.
  • 11. Iceland:: population 320 000 Greater Reyjavík Area 200 000 Reykjavík 120 000 area 230 km2 Mosfellsbær Seltjarnarnes centre Reykjavík Álftanes Kópavogur Garðabær Hafnarfjörður
  • 12. City_Landscape 1 meter between contours 1:25 000
  • 13. Snæfellsjökull The city was mountain/glacier planned after 3 main sightlines Esjan mountain Keilir mountain 1:25 000
  • 14. Defined city center 1:25 000
  • 15. Commercial Secondary commercial Public Administration Center core 1:25 000
  • 16. Parks/ green spaces 1:25 000
  • 17. Water access 1:25 000
  • 18. Hospital Area Airport 1:25 000
  • 19. Traffic in the city centre main secondary residential 1:25 000