We see everything
for the first time..

We see everything for the first time.
Scientists, psychologists in particular, have attempted to
discover how the human visual system perceives and grasps
entit...
The whole is greater than the sum of
its parts.
• Figure-Ground

We organize the
world so some
parts of a stimulus
stand out (figure)
in front of other
parts (ground)
• Figure-Ground
• Figure-Ground
• Figure-Ground
• Figure-Ground
• Figure-Ground
• Figure-Ground
• Figure-Ground
• Similarity

Objects that look alike tend to be
grouped together.
• Similarity
• Proximity

• Elements close together tend
to organize into units.
• Proximity

Do you see
rows or
columns?
• Continuity

• We see lines as being continuous if
they do not bend sharply.
• We group things together if they
seem to f...
• Continuity

Continuous
pattern

Continuous
line
• Closure

• We tend to complete figures with
gaps in them, by ignoring the gaps
and mentally filling in what we
believe s...
• Closure
• Closure
• Closure
• Continuity and Closure
• Simplicity

• We tend to impose the simplest,
best-fitting interpretation on any
stimulus.
In the following picture, we tend to
see overlapping simple geometric
figures rather than complex
polygons.
• Simplicity
Gestalt theory claims that problem
solving is productive and reproductive.
Reproductive problem solving draws
on previous experiences whereas
productive problem solving involves
insight and restruc...
Reproductive problem solving could
be a hindrance to finding a solution,
since a person may fixate on the
known aspects of...
•Visual Illusions

• Reveal information about the
visual system.
• Sometimes derive from
perspective cues.
Scale
Scale
Hidden Images
Hidden Images
Hidden Images
Ambiguities
Ambiguities
Ambiguities
Ambiguities
Point of View
Point of View

The whole is different
than the sum of its parts.
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Subtleties

Look at the following slide and identify
who is in it.
Subtleties
Subtleties

Try again?
Subtleties
5a  gestalt
5a  gestalt
5a  gestalt
5a  gestalt
5a  gestalt
5a  gestalt
5a  gestalt
5a  gestalt
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5a  gestalt
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5a gestalt

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Transcript of "5a gestalt"

  1. 1. We see everything for the first time.. We see everything for the first time.
  2. 2. Scientists, psychologists in particular, have attempted to discover how the human visual system perceives and grasps entities. One of the earliest and intuitively most acceptable theories about perception was proposed by Wertheimer in 1923, and later elaborated by Koffka in 1935. These Gestaltists formulated the principles or “laws” of grouping or patterning. Gestalt is a German word which means: whole, entity or entirety.
  3. 3. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
  4. 4. • Figure-Ground We organize the world so some parts of a stimulus stand out (figure) in front of other parts (ground)
  5. 5. • Figure-Ground
  6. 6. • Figure-Ground
  7. 7. • Figure-Ground
  8. 8. • Figure-Ground
  9. 9. • Figure-Ground
  10. 10. • Figure-Ground
  11. 11. • Figure-Ground
  12. 12. • Similarity Objects that look alike tend to be grouped together.
  13. 13. • Similarity
  14. 14. • Proximity • Elements close together tend to organize into units.
  15. 15. • Proximity Do you see rows or columns?
  16. 16. • Continuity • We see lines as being continuous if they do not bend sharply. • We group things together if they seem to form a continuous pattern.
  17. 17. • Continuity Continuous pattern Continuous line
  18. 18. • Closure • We tend to complete figures with gaps in them, by ignoring the gaps and mentally filling in what we believe should be there.
  19. 19. • Closure
  20. 20. • Closure
  21. 21. • Closure
  22. 22. • Continuity and Closure
  23. 23. • Simplicity • We tend to impose the simplest, best-fitting interpretation on any stimulus.
  24. 24. In the following picture, we tend to see overlapping simple geometric figures rather than complex polygons.
  25. 25. • Simplicity
  26. 26. Gestalt theory claims that problem solving is productive and reproductive.
  27. 27. Reproductive problem solving draws on previous experiences whereas productive problem solving involves insight and restructuring of the problem.
  28. 28. Reproductive problem solving could be a hindrance to finding a solution, since a person may fixate on the known aspects of a problem and so be unable to see novel interpretations that might lead to a solution.
  29. 29. •Visual Illusions • Reveal information about the visual system. • Sometimes derive from perspective cues.
  30. 30. Scale
  31. 31. Scale
  32. 32. Hidden Images
  33. 33. Hidden Images
  34. 34. Hidden Images
  35. 35. Ambiguities
  36. 36. Ambiguities
  37. 37. Ambiguities
  38. 38. Ambiguities
  39. 39. Point of View
  40. 40. Point of View The whole is different than the sum of its parts.
  41. 41. Point of View
  42. 42. Point of View
  43. 43. Point of View
  44. 44. Point of View
  45. 45. Point of View
  46. 46. Point of View
  47. 47. Point of View
  48. 48. Point of View
  49. 49. Point of View
  50. 50. Point of View
  51. 51. Point of View
  52. 52. Point of View
  53. 53. Subtleties Look at the following slide and identify who is in it.
  54. 54. Subtleties
  55. 55. Subtleties Try again?
  56. 56. Subtleties

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