As conceptual elements are those constructs
which can only be conceived, and are for the
most part, defined only in mathematical
terms; visual elements, are those properties of
objects and surfaces that can be observed
through eye sight. Although we can observe
these visual elements, they continue to be
rather abstract* concepts. Much more abstract
than we think they are.
*Abstract: the extract of an underlying essence of a concept, achieved by
removing any dependence on real world objects with which it might
originally have been connected, generalizing it, so that it has wider
Studying the visual elements is important for two
(2) major reasons:
1. They define the visible world
2. We describe the visible world through them.
There are six (6) principal visual elements:
Point and Volume will not be given significant attention in this class.
We have already, to a degree, considered
four of them in the discussion concerning
conceptual elements, namely: Point, Line,
Plane and Volume.
In visual terms, point becomes a dot and is
primarily, although, not exclusively, used to
pinpoint the position of a shape or object in two
dimensional and three dimensional space.
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LINE AS A
1. In visual terms, line is sometimes thought of
as an edge, a contour (outline), a path, or a
directional signal . It directs our vision to
various points of interest in a composition. Line
is a graphic device. It does not exist in nature in
the same sense that we interpret it in drawing.
LINE can indicate style, age, sophistication and maturity.
10. Line can be used as a means of visual
expression to represent ideas and moods
such as happiness, sadness, gracefulness,
boldness etc. As such, line displays some
psychological weight through its symbolic
associations. (ex: stick drawings, smiley
lines, sad lines, tranquil lines, majestic
lines, conflict lines, unbalanced lines etc.)
Snowstorm - Steam-Boat off a Harbor's Mouth