CH. 4: TEXTURE AND PATTERNAria FisilaniDan BellowsNayef Halloun
TEXTURE The surface quality of an actual orrepresented surface. Implied Textures Actual Textures
IMPLIED TEXTURES The illusion of texture found in two-dimensional art such as drawing, paintingand photography. Achieved by the ways in which light isreflected off a surface Patterns also help convey texture Implied textures are only sensed by sight
IMPLIED TEXTURES• La Grande Odalisque, for example, depicts theillusion of textures by using light and shadow.• For instance the skin absorbs more light,creating subtle tones and the illusion of• softness.• The absence of light on the curtain and thepattern of sharp lines emphasizes crispness.
ACTUAL TEXTURES Physical or actual texture found in three-dimensional art such as ceramics, sculptureand jewelry. Actual textures, can literally be felt ortouched because of their three dimensionalquality
ACTUAL TEXTURE• Surrealist artist Meret Openheim tricks the viewersidea of what is conventional in her piece, Object, bycovering a saucer, cup and spoon with rabbit fur.• Openheim used real items that we are accustomedto, but by adding an unusual actual texture to themshe has completely changed their meaning.
TEXTURES OF RITUAL In many societies, art and ritual areinseparably united. Ritualistic objects hold symbolic meaningand respect
TEXTURES OF RITUAL Use a variety of shapes, colors, andtextures to create emotion.Congolese Oath-taking Figure uses acombination of chiseled wood, cloth, glass,and embedded metal nails to create texturalcontrast.
CATEGORIES OF RITUALISTIC ART Conceptual Art Artworks that do not assume a visibleform Ideas underlying the work of art are moreimportant than the actual images. Performance Art Series of actions which the artist orother participants performs in front ofan audience.
PATTERNS: The product of constant repetitionof a visual detail or motif Introduce uniformity and order toany design
REQUIREMENTS OF PATTERNS(1) The parts must be seen primarily as members of alarger arrangement(2) The spaced between parts must be relativelyconstant(3) The configuration must be extensive and includerepetition.
PATTERNS Integration is the cornerstone of every pattern The details must work together to create anoverall pattern.(Ex: Emperor Carpet)
PATTERNS Grids: orderly system of implied/actualgeometric lines within which a composition isorganized Help make the spacing in between intervalsaesthetically pleasing.
PATTERNS In a visual pattern where there is consistency theviewer is drawn to the inconsistent and vice versa Our eyes are attracted to variations in patternswhether they are consistent or inconsistent.(Ex: Ceiling Frescoes of the Sistine Chapel). (Ex: Royal Palace at Blois, France)
PATTERNS Questions to ask yourself to prevent patternsfrom becoming boring:“How long should I repeat this patternbefore I shift?”“How can I activate this area so it doesn’tbecome monotonous?”
PATTERNS Works of art are the outward expressions ofinternal changes. When one of these internal changes assumessignificant enough proportions within the mind orfeelings of an artist, that change may becomean expression.