Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
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Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther



Talk for Maine Adaptive Sports and Recreation on using games to teach kids to ski.

Talk for Maine Adaptive Sports and Recreation on using games to teach kids to ski.



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Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther Presentation Transcript

  • Deb Walther Maine Adaptive Sports and Recreation November 6, 2013
  • “Trick” kids into learning how to ski Reinforce what was taught Repetition is important but it gets boring Just to have fun!
  • Use their imagination Engage them by making their bodies or the equipment into something they can relate to Use the mountain Engage curiosity Features: stopping, starting, point towards Fun: Snowball fights, snow angels Keep them moving Kids don’t want to hear us talk… View slide
  • Keep it safe Kids are easily distracted during games Set up boundaries Let them be in charge Where the hands and eyes go, the feet follow Use games/tricks to get the first turns Don’t emphasize the turn until it happens View slide
  • Ages 3-5 Pay attention to EVERYTHING!!! Wear emotions on their sleeves If angry, then they are totally angry Moods change on a whim Play learning and imagination work best May not understand competition Higher center of gravity Movements are large
  • Ages 6-12 Socializing through school Can listen to and follow directions Keeping it fun = keeping their attention Competition Growth spurts during season can result in changes in skiing ability
  • Teenagers Social is everything! Sensitive Be yourself Rapid growth spurts cause balance and coordination issues Revisit fundamentals Competition, challenges Introduce adult movements
  • Cognitive Ability to process information Affective Social/emotional development Physical Explains how children move Body shape, physical ability, age Rate of development varies
  • Learning style Readiness Doer Interest in play Culture Cognitive development Hungry Thinker Tired Fear Anxiety Physical Condition Mom Weather distractions Age Social Maturity Success Confidence Feeler Dad Visual Can-Do Attitude Disabilities Kinesthetic Equipment Motivation Pleasing others Sister Athletic ability Physical development Self-doubt Auditory Analyzer Brother Physical limitations
  • Core Concepts Balance, Edging, Pressure & Rotation Teach a concept Talk about it (Auditory) Show it (Visual) Do it (Kinesthetic) Practice it Use games to teach and practice With imagination, anything can become a game
  • Consider your speed vs. the child’s Use smaller skis Skid more on your turns Consider turn shape Kids make smaller turns Look for them “shortcutting” the turn Use a visual concept for left and right Lion= left Rhino= right Pizzas and French Fries
  • Getting used to ski boots seems so boring We need to give time to let kids acclimate to boots Big movements on skis can be made smaller in boots Don’t be afraid to take the skis off to teach a movement in boots Makes the movement less scary Learn to get up
  • Astronaut Walk around in slow motion like you are an astronaut on the moon Hopscotch Draw a hopscotch course in the snow Movements: hopping, individual leg movements
  • Tag Set up boundaries (Frisbees, cones, paper plates) Explain the rules Tap a kid and say “Tag your it” Play for 2-3 mins Teaches kids movement in many directions Use this learning for rotation
  • Duck Duck Goose Use the normal rules Gets kids used to movement in the boots in one direction Play sitting down or standing up Chasing Bubbles Blow bubbles and have the child chase them NOTE: Make sure you are in a protected area as the child’s focus will be on the bubbles, not on the other skiers in the area
  • Perform on flat terrain Don’t rush These exercises gets the skier used to the sliding movement Repeat 1 ski movements on both feet
  • Have the child ski around a cone/Frisbee on inside edge They will lift the ski to turn Promotes inside edge and early rotation Advanced: have them do the drill without lifting their ski Flat surface then slight incline Obstacle course (flat surface) Set up cones/toys Have the child go around the cone to pick up a toy
  • Pretend the ski is a scooter Hands out in front (helps balance) Use boot to propel Have them slide as far as they can go Flat surface then slight incline Use competition They will fall Use this opportunity to teach them how to get up Change feet and repeat
  • Relay Race (performed on a flat surface) Have the child traverse to pick up a toy and bring it back Advanced: race Obstacle course (flat surface) Set up cones/toys Have the child go around the cone to pick up a toy Can be done in boots, one ski or 2 skis They will fall: use this opportunity to teach them how to get up “Gorilla knuckles”
  • Use this game when the skier is having difficulty making the wedge shape Ski a gliding wedge with a balloon between their legs Imagine a basketball between the legs
  • Use for teaching walking up the hill Uphill leg is designated banana Put a yellow ribbon or sticker on that leg The other leg is gorilla Keep the banana away for the gorilla and have the gorilla catch the banana
  • Have the child put their feet in the shape of a penguin Have the child walk up the hill like a penguin Make noises (batman’s penguin works) Do in boots first, then skis
  • Follow me Ski backwards with your hands in the air or a toy Have the child follow you Where the eyes go, the feet follow Be energetic Let them catch you A chance for hugs!
  • Big Pizza/Little Pizza Refer to the wedge as a pizza (makes it visual) Small pizza’s go faster, Bigger pizza’s go slower Biggest pizza stops Works movement of legs: rotation of the ankles Hands making pizza shape also helps Add a “hop to stop” Have them hop to make the biggest pizza
  • Red Light/Green Light Red Light to stop, green light to go Freeze Yell “Freeze” for the child to stop in place
  • First turns are J-turns Make the letter “J” Skiing up the hill controls speed Have the skier ski towards you and have them reach for your pole As they approach you, rotate the pole behind you The skier will turn trying to catch the pole Where the eyes/hands go, the feet will follow
  • Terrain: Beginner to Green Objective: Put pressure on the inside edge of the outside ski, making the wedge turn easier Ask the child what kind of bug would they squish if they saw it Provide a list: make the bugs disgusting & scary Have them imagine a bug is under their big toe Squish the bug with all of their weight
  • Variation to get more edge: Tell them to show folks the bottom of their outside ski Sometimes results in transferring weight to the other ski This “game” works will all kinds of skiers
  • Use Simon Says to get the child to perform movements and to keep their head up Left/right turns/Stopping Go slow/control speed: “make 3 turns” Hop (balance and overall movement) Lift one leg out (independent leg movement) Wiggle your behind or other non-skiing movements (balance) Be silly: use “Simon” and “non-Simon” calls to be outrageous Clean the dishes Pretend to brush my teeth
  • Talk about sports they play and where their hands are (athletic stance) Football stance Lacrosse Hockey Tennis Riding a bicycle Throwing/hitting a baseball Off skis, have the child stand tall Push their shoulder with one hand They may fall backwards
  • Have them assume the athletic stance Hands out front Flex ankles Make your boots squeak Push then with 2 hands, slightly harder Make 3 turns standing straight up 3 turns in the athletic stance 3 turns with their hands all over the place Gets them off balance, may fall 3 turns with the athletic stance
  • This games helps to initiate the turn with the inside ski Introduction to wide parallel (French Fry) turns Show the child the game on the ski lift One ski is the cat, the other the mouse Don’t let the cat catch the mouse Move the mouse first Note: Child will ski with their head down to watch
  • This game gets the hands out in front (balance), the turning of the steering wheel gets the feet to rotate, applying the brake provides pressure Helps to keep their head up: don’t want to drive the car into the ground Many times leads to wide parallel turns Use imagination to get the child into the game: What kind of car/truck do you want to drive? What color? Hard top or convertible?
  • Use a Frisbee as the steering wheel Where the hands go, the feet will follow: rotation will start to happen Instead of squishing a bug, we are now applying the brake Have them follow you
  • Enhance the game: Make car/truck noises when braking Honk the horn Make deliveries and pickups Police car: pull me over Adds control of where to stop Advanced: Set up a road course using cones Adds control of speed and the need to turn on demand
  • This game can be used on many levels of skier ability and terrain Great for balance, independent leg movement and other skills Have the skier follow you, mimicking your movements Stick left arm out Ski on one ski Hop Wiggle behind Wiggle whole body Make short/long turns Hockey stops Hands in the air Hands down low Airplane wings
  • Once the child knows the “course” (stopping points), let them lead from one stopping point to another Challenge and Imagination sets in: they will want to be more outrageous than you were They must decide where to turn: terrain management
  • Ski Coach makes “railroad tracks” on the slope Child follows the tracks Considerations: Your turns may force the child to go faster than comfortable Observe if child is “shortcutting turns” Use long and short turns
  • Beginner Coach skis backwards waving hands or a toy Child skis towards the coach/toy Let the child catch you Promotes “where the eyes/hands go the feet will follow” Advanced Rule: Kids have to go where the coach goes, no shortcutting Ski large turns up hill, different directions NOTE: Exhausting for the coach, but a great energy builder
  • Use this game throughout the day Works to keep the child’s head up Have them “Hi Five” you as they go past you Variation: “High Five” followed by a “Low Five”
  • Use the Banana-Gorilla game again The banana is on the downhill ski Skis are erasers Use your skis to “erase” the snow Gets them to use the flat part of the ski
  • Teaching a child to ski backwards promotes all four actions “Cool factor” Great for older kids with attention issues Great for Hyperfocusing
  • Use breaks to have FUN! Throw snow Snow Angels Tag Wax skis Use you imagination Think like a kid by becoming a kid Don’t be afraid to be silly The more tricks you have in your bag, the easier it is to respond to the child’s ability
  • The Children’s Skiing Games Reference by Jeff Kennedy Children’s Instruction Manual 2nd Ed. PSIA Vail Resort’s Alpine & Snowboard Teaching Handbook by Carol Levine & Linda Guerrette Perfect Turn Manual System 5th Ed. By Ed Joyce Captain Zembo’s Skiing and Snowboard Teaching Guide 2nd Ed. By John Anderson PSIA Core Concepts for Snowsports Instructors PSIA