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Chapter 26 ironies
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Chapter 26 ironies






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Chapter 26 ironies Chapter 26 ironies Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 26 Is He Serious? And Other Ironies
    • Often times, writers will take our expectations as we read a story and twist them around—irony is a “deflection from expectations.” (Thomas Foster, How to Read Literature Like A Professor)
    • Some authors use irony frequently, but irony, as a writer’s choice, doesn’t work for every author.
    • People who read less critically may not pick up on all ironies.
    • How do you know if something is
    • ironic? LISTEN.
  • Types of Irony
    • Verbal – character says X but means Y and EVERYONE –reader and other characters--knows he means Y. No surprise.
    • Situational—EVERYONE—reader and characters are surprised by the twist in the plot from what was expected to something not expected. Example: “Monkey’s Paw”
    View slide
  • Types of Irony continued…
    • Dramatic – The author (and maybe one or more of the characters) knows something that the protagonist/antagonist does NOT know. (The murderer is hiding under the heroine’s bed… Freddie the Whatever.)
    View slide
  • Types of Irony continued…
    • Cosmic—Fate. (sometimes called poetic
    • justice)
      • Examples:
      • Andrew White loses at district but wins first place at TAPPS State.
      • Oedipus Rex—Oedipus does everything in his power not to fulfill his foretold destiny. Every action he takes draws him closer to his destiny. Ultimately, he kills his father and marries his mother.
    • Irony works because the audience usually understands something that eludes one or more of the characters.
    • While we normally think of verbal irony with the term irony , in literature we focus more on structural (situational) and dramatic irony.
      • Structural: the outcome of a situation surprises everyone, characters and readers .
      • Dramatic: diverse uses—example, using rain to represent depression instead of inspiration.
  • Examples of Cliché Ironies
    • The hero gets murdered at a
    • dinner honoring him…the villain is
    • present.
    • The Christ figure destroys
    • life while he survives.
    • A hero walks through a
    • not-so-cleansing rain after the death
    • of his beloved-- A Farewell to Arms.
  • A Clockwork Orange
    • The protagonist, Alex, can be considered a Christ figure. However, this is ironic because he is a murderer and a rapist, but he sacrifices himself for his crew .
    • Connections:
        • Leads a band of followers
        • Tempted by the Devil
        • Wanders in the wilderness
        • Is seemingly dead but is resurrected
    The author uses this comparison not to mock Jesus or Christian values but to show that there is no goodness without free will . See? IRONY!