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Error Correction Ppt Error Correction Ppt Presentation Transcript

  • By Olga Kozar English-by-Skype coordinator
  •  The goal – simply share my thoughts  I don’t have the “ right” answers  I hope this presentation will raise your awareness of some issues in error correction and will encourage you ask / answer some questions
  •  How do we deal with students’ mistakes?  WHAT should we correct?  HOW should we do it ?  WHEN should we make the corrections? View slide
  •  Grammar?  Pronunciation?  “ Russian” English?  The sentence stress?  Verbs? Tenses? The 3rd person “ s”  Prepositions?  Only frequent mistakes?  …  All of them? ?? ! View slide
  •  Explicit corrections ?  Reformulating what they said?  Asking for clarifications?  Giving them tips?  Pinpointing ?  It is a __( blank) ..?  Cues? Signs?  HOW?
  •  Immediately?  After a phrase?  ___ a sentence?  ___ the end of the “ idea block”?  At the end of the lesson?  Every 5-7 minutes?  WHEN?
  • There seem to be 2 main options: Trying to correct everything, or as much as we can Or “ Selective” corrections Interesting fact: the research shows that there is a discrepancy between students’ and teachers’ perceptions of the RIGHT way to
  • Opinion polls reveal that : Most teachers prefer ( a) ___corrections while most students would rather be corrected (b) ___ Answers: Teachers – selective corrections Students – would like all their mistakes to be corrected
  • FOR AGAINST Students often: Helps to prevent “ fossilization “ of  Feel helpless and mistakes overwhelmed by the number of mistakes A teacher “ is not doing  Start using shorter his/ her job well unless and simpler sentences they correct everything”  Lose motivation and enjoy the process
  • selective approach poses a question: How do we choose what to correct? To answer this question , let s consider the goal of using the language It is effective communication That s why the main criteria in error correction should be “ does this mistake cause the communication breakdown? “
  •  If a mistake:  Distorts the meaning  Prevents understanding  Impairs communication  Can cause tensions/ irritations/ makes a student sound rude/ impolite…  We should definitely correct them