The goal – simply share my thoughts
I don’t have the “ right” answers
I hope this presentation will raise your
awareness of some issues in error correction
and will encourage you ask / answer some
How do we deal with students’ mistakes?
WHAT should we correct?
HOW should we do it ?
WHEN should we make the corrections?
“ Russian” English?
The sentence stress?
Verbs? Tenses? The 3rd person “ s”
Only frequent mistakes?
All of them? ?? !
Explicit corrections ?
Reformulating what they said?
Asking for clarifications?
Giving them tips?
It is a __( blank) ..?
After a phrase?
___ a sentence?
___ the end of the “ idea block”?
At the end of the lesson?
Every 5-7 minutes?
There seem to be 2 main
Trying to correct everything, or as much as we
“ Selective” corrections
the research shows that there is a discrepancy between
students’ and teachers’ perceptions of the RIGHT way to
Opinion polls reveal that :
Most teachers prefer ( a) ___corrections while
most students would rather be corrected (b)
Teachers – selective corrections
Students – would like all their mistakes to be corrected
Helps to prevent “
fossilization “ of Feel helpless and
mistakes overwhelmed by the
number of mistakes
A teacher “ is not doing
Start using shorter
his/ her job well unless
and simpler sentences
Lose motivation and
enjoy the process
selective approach poses a question:
How do we choose what to correct?
To answer this question , let s consider the goal of
using the language
It is effective communication
That s why the main criteria in error correction
should be “ does this mistake cause the
communication breakdown? “
If a mistake:
Distorts the meaning
Can cause tensions/ irritations/ makes a
student sound rude/ impolite…
We should definitely correct them