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Free Knowledge for free minds scenario

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Math Education in 2016, Envisioning Workshop, 8-10 August 2006, Helsinki.

Math Education in 2016, Envisioning Workshop, 8-10 August 2006, Helsinki.

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  • 1. Free Knowledge for Free Minds Math Education in 2016 Olga Caprotti Department of Mathematics and Statistics University of Helsinki JEM/WebALT Envisioning Meeting, Helsinki August 2006 webalt.math.helsinki.fi/content/Events/Meetings/Math2016 Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 1 / 28
  • 2. Education in 2104 A scenario by Jimmy Wales posted on October 21st, 2004 Finally, we should never forget as a community that we are the vanguard of a knowledge revolution that will transform the world. We are the leading edge innovators and leaders of what is becoming a global movement to free knowledge from proprietary constraints. 100 years from now, the idea of a proprietary textbook or encyclopedia will sound as quaint and remote as we now think of the use of leeches in medical science. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 2 / 28
  • 3. Education in 2104 Through our work, every single person on the planet will have easy low cost access to free knowledge to empower them to do whatever it is that they want to do. And my point here is that this is not some idle fantasy, but something that we are already accomplishing. We have become one of the largest websites in the world using a model of love and co-operation that is still almost completely unknown to the wider world. But we are becoming known, and we will be known, for both our principles and achievements because it is the principles that make the achievements possible. Jimmy Wales Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 3 / 28
  • 4. Part I Internet, the land of the free Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 4 / 28
  • 5. Internet, the land of the free Free software 22 years of GNU GNU began January 1984 Free Software Directory a project of the Free Software Foundation (FSF) and UNESCO, lists 4838 (4918 today) packages Licenses: GNU General Public License GNU Lesser General Public License BSD License Mozilla Public License MIT License Apache License Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 5 / 28
  • 6. Internet, the land of the free Free software Free for Freedoms From GNU Philosophy “Free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech,” not as in “free beer.” Free software is a matter of the users’ freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. Richard Stallman Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 6 / 28
  • 7. Internet, the land of the free Free software Free for Freedoms From GNU Philosophy “Free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech,” not as in “free beer.” Free software is a matter of the users’ freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. Richard Stallman Why Open Source/Numbers? Read More.... Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 6 / 28
  • 8. Internet, the land of the free Free File Formats Free File Formats and Open Standards A free file format is a file format that is not covered by a patent or copyright. Key drivers for open standards today: users do not want to be locked into any proprietary format openness is gaining ground in industry the market demands more interoperability Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 7 / 28
  • 9. Internet, the land of the free Free File Formats Examples Multimedia Jpeg - lossy compressed format PNG - lossless compressed format MNG - animated images, based on PNG SVG - vector graphics Ogg (A container for open source codecs for audio, video and text (e.g. subtitles).) Vorbis, FLAC - An audio codec, Theora, Tarkin - video codecs, Speex - Speech VoIP codec Text HTML/XHTML - markup language for web pages by W3C OpenDocument - XML-based format for OpenOffice/StarOffice, OASIS and ISO/IEC 26300 standard PDF Portable Document Format, ISO open standard ISO 15930-1:2001 PostScript -a page description language and programming language RTF - a formatted text format TXT - ASCII file Other: XML,DjVu (scanned material) Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 8 / 28
  • 10. Internet, the land of the free Free Knowledge Free Academic Resources SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) and SPARC Europe are an international alliance of more than 300 academic and research libraries working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system. SPARC’s advocacy, educational, and publisher partnership programs encourage expanded dissemination of research. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 9 / 28
  • 11. Internet, the land of the free Free Knowledge Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities Signed by 164 organisations, has a Roadmap defined during Berlin 3 Open Access: Progress in Implementing the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities, last Feb 28th - Mar 1st, 2005, University of Southampton, UK. The history of the OA Movement can be seen in its timeline. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 10 / 28
  • 12. Internet, the land of the free Free Knowledge From the Open Access Roadmap Much has been achieved but much more remains to be achieved before we can say that we are close to reaching the goals set out in the Berlin Declaration. We need to understand where the barriers lie. Author motivation? (make deposit as easy as possible and make open access "respectable") Institutional motivation? (demonstrate benefits to the institution) Political support? (form alliances with powerful allies) Publisher/learned society fears? (demonstrate that open access is no threat to their survival) Barriers need to be removed at every stage along the road but the Berlin Declaration goals can be achieved through action by the research community at an organizational and at an individual level. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 11 / 28
  • 13. Internet, the land of the free Free Knowledge Political Support AMERICANS SUPPORT FREE ACCESS TO RESEARCH Poll Results Show Overwhelming Majority Believes Federally Funded Research Should be Publicly Available, May 31, 2006. Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 The bipartisan Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006, introduced on May 2, 2006 by Senators John Cornyn (R-TX) and Joe Lieberman (D-CT), would require that US Government agencies with annual extramural research expenditures of over $ 100 million make manuscripts of journal articles stemming from research funded by that agency publicly available via the Internet. The manuscripts will be maintained and preserved in a digital archive maintained by that agency or in another suitable repository that permits free public access, interoperability, and long-term preservation. Each manuscript will be freely available to users without charge within six months after it has been published in a peer-reviewed journal. More Open Access News Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 12 / 28
  • 14. Internet, the land of the free Free Knowledge Funding Evidence Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s annual Access to Learning Award. This award recognises excellence in providing access to information through computers, at no cost to the user. The recipient receives an award of up to US $1 million. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 13 / 28
  • 15. Internet, the land of the free Free Knowledge Funding Evidence Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s annual Access to Learning Award. This award recognises excellence in providing access to information through computers, at no cost to the user. The recipient receives an award of up to US $1 million. Among the first recipients: Helsinki City Library. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 13 / 28
  • 16. Part II Education: the free scenario Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 14 / 28
  • 17. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Software Learning Environments Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 15 / 28
  • 18. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Software Learning Environments Armonk, NY (USA), July 2006. IBM is donating eLearning software code and expertise to the Sakai Project, a group of learning institutions creating and deploying open-source course management, collaboration and online research support tools for higher education. The donation is part of IBM’s overall support of open computing in education. "Open-source software and open standards can revolutionize the applications and technology for learning, just as Linux, Apache and Eclipse have transformed and standardized infrastructure software," said Michael King, director of market development, IBM Global Education Industry. "We believe an open cycle of innovation that leverages common platforms such as the Sakai framework will become the model for developing and broadly deploying new solutions for educational institutions." Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 15 / 28
  • 19. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Software Symbolic Computation: Axiom, Reduce. Maxima Several general purpose systems exist and many systems for specialized areas. Axiom and Reduce can be used online via a wiki. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 16 / 28
  • 20. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Software Mathematics at Sourceforge Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 17 / 28
  • 21. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Software Math Assessment: STACK, LeActiveMath based on free computational engines based on open standards financed by public funding Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 18 / 28
  • 22. Education: the free scenario Free File Formats Standards for Online Mathematics Teaching for the mathematical fragments: LTEX, MathML, OpenMath A for mathematical documents: OMDOC, MathDox, DocBook+MathML for mathematical assessment: Math-QTI, LeActiveMath Exercise Language Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 19 / 28
  • 23. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Resources Creative Commons Resources Connexions Repository (supports MathML), e.g Algebra Lineal MIT OpenCourseware Wiki Commons Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 20 / 28
  • 24. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Resources Wikibooks Think free, learn free Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 21 / 28
  • 25. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Resources Planet Math Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 22 / 28
  • 26. Education: the free scenario Free Educational Resources Wikis and Blogs Today’s lecture notes: asciencepad, a wiki for scientific notes eon, one of many mathematics weblogs Mathematics is done in LTEX and included with LatexRender A Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 23 / 28
  • 27. Driving Factors Urbanization and Digital Divide In 2007, such a tipping point will occur for the whole world: before the year is out, the balance of the world’s population will change, perhaps forever. For the first time, more people will live in cities than rural areas. Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 24 / 28
  • 28. Driving Factors Urbanization and Digital Divide The UN estimates that just meeting its millennium development goal on urban poverty would cost $67bn (52bn Eur). But by 2020, another 400m people will be living in slums, and these people will need $20bn a year in assistance to gain access to basic services and amenities Financial Times article Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 24 / 28
  • 29. Driving Factors Digital Natives New generations, students in 2016 are digital natives: digital music, e-books, streaming on-demand TV, digital lectures (we are digital immigrants) Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 25 / 28
  • 30. Driving Factors or better, Digital Pirates? bittorrents search engines are online: Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 26 / 28
  • 31. Driving Factors Peer to Peer Mathematics Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 27 / 28
  • 32. Driving Factors Peer to Peer Mathematics Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 27 / 28
  • 33. Driving Factors Peer to Peer Mathematics Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 27 / 28
  • 34. Driving Factors Free Mathematics Tutors Online Kasamba tutors S.O.S. Mathematics CyberBoard Olga Caprotti (University of Helsinki) MathEdu2016 August 8-10, 2006 28 / 28

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