Crimea

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  • 8.04.1873 года императрица Екатерина II издает манифест "О принятии полуострова Крымского, острова Тамань и всей Кубанской стороны под Российскую державу".

Transcript

  • 1. History of Crimea
  • 2. Early and Antique history ● 12-7 century BC — Cimmerians (Tauri) ● 7 century BC — Scythians ● ● 5-1 century BC — Greek colonies (trade routes) 1 c. BC — 3 c. AC — Roman colonies
  • 3. Middle ages ● Goths (AD 250), Huns (376), Bulgars (4th–8th century), Khazars (8th century) ● state of Kievan Rus' (10th–11th centuries) ● Byzantine Empire (1016) ● Kipchaks (the Kumans) (1050) ● Mongols (1237).
  • 4. Middle ages ● 13-15 centuries - Republic of Genoa ● 1441–1783 - Crimean Khanate Map of Crimea,15th century
  • 5. Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Empire (1441 - 1783) ● ● 1475 — union of Khanate with Ottoman Empire, fall of Genoese colonies Slave trade, wars with Ukrainian Cossaks.
  • 6. Crimea in the Russian Empire: 1783–1917 ● ● 1774 - Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca between Russia and Ottoman Empire. Crimean independence. 8.04.1873 - Annexation of Crimea by Russia
  • 7. Crimea — part of Ukraine in 1918-19
  • 8. Deportation ● ● ● On 18 May 1944, the entire population of the Crimean Tatars were forcibly deported to Central Asia by Joseph Stalin's Soviet government. An estimated 46% of the deportees died from hunger and disease. They were allowed to come back in 1989 only
  • 9. Crimea — part of Ukraine again ● On 19 February 1954, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union issued a decree transferring the Crimean Oblast from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR.
  • 10. Ethnic groups in different time: Tatars — green; Russians — red; Ukrainians - yellow
  • 11. Crimea within independent Ukraine With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Crimea became part of the newly independent Ukraine. Independence was supported by a referendum in all regions of Ukrainian SSR, including Crimea. 54% of the Crimean voters supported independence.