Instructions:As a reader, describe the difference between the previous passage (top) and this one (bottom). Is the change for better or worse? Explain your answer. Answer: The second selection explains the source material and incorporates it as evidence in the student’s larger argument. it is an improvement. Correct answer for previous question: C– Dropped quotation. There’s no clear reason for the quote to be there. The student just put it in and assumed that it would speak for itself. It doesn’t. Turn to page 113 of your PSM to view another version of this improvement. Review chapter 3 of The Curious Researcher as well as sections 30 & 31 of your PSM to learn more about integrating (and citing) sources. Based on the in-text citation, what can you infer about the original source (or Works Cited entry)? (Answer: there are no page #s.) Discuss in-text citationfrom a work without page numbers. Difference between this form and in-text citations that use the title of the work (Answer: there’s an author here. Only use the title when there’s no signal phrase AND no author). In either case, you should include page numbers if they exist.
Instructions: Please go through theseslides as if you were in class. Do yourbest to answer each question as it comesup and write down the answer on a sheetof paper.After you’ve done that, move on to thenext slide (which has the answers). Nopeeking! If you do not follow this process,you will not see the mistakes in yourprevious thinking, and most likely won’tretain much information.
Imagine that you are the author of a paper on internet monitoring in the workplace. Read the following passage from Chris Gonsalves’s article.On your paper, construct a summary or paraphrase of the passage. Include an in-text citation (if necessary).“While bosses can easily detect and interrupt water- cooler chatter, the employee who is shopping at Lands’ End or IMing with fellow fantasy baseball managers may actually appear to be working.”Gonsalves, Chris. “Wasting Away on the Web.” eWeek.com. Ziff Davis Enterprise Holdings, 8 Aug. 2005. Web. 16 Feb. 2009.
In-text citation rules:• True global summaries (i.e. a summary of an entire work) that reference the author do not need in-text citations. (Because the source is included in the Works Cited.)• Summaries of specific sections of a work, paraphrases, quotations, and specific facts must be cited (because these come from a specific place in the work, so if someone wants to follow-up on that work, they need to know where, specifically, it came from).• Summaries that do not mention the author’s name should be cited.• Short version: – True summary that names author in a signal phrase = no in-text citation. – Author named in a signal phrase = page number only in citation. – Author not named = author & page number in citation. – No page numbers = author only in citation. – No author = title & page number in citatin – No author & no pages = title only in citation. – Other variations on these rules, see section 33a of your PSM.
How did you do?Was an in-text citation necessary?• If your sentence names the author in a signal phrase, no (because, as you can see from the Works Cited entry, there are no page numbers).• If your sentence does not name the author in a signal phrase, yes (because this is the only way to know where your information came from).If my sentence requires an in-text citation, what should itlook like? My sentence goes here (Gonsalves).If you are confused, return to the previous slide andreview the rules for in-text citations.
Copy the following passage word-for-word(including quotation marks) on your paper.“In earlier times, surveillance was limited to theinformation that a supervisor could observe andrecord firsthand and to primitive countingdevices. In the computer age, surveillance canbe instantaneous, unblinking, cheap, and, maybemost importantly, easy.”From page 126 of “What Do Employees ThinkAbout Electronic Surveillance At Work?”
The selections below are both student attempts toparaphrase the passage you just copied down. One is an example of plagiarism, and one is an acceptableparaphrase. Which is which? & how do you know? (Write down your answer) A. B.Scholars Carl Botan and Mihaela Scholars Carl Botan and MihaelaVorvoreanu argue that in earlier Vorvoraneu claim that the naturetimes monitoring of employees of workplace surveillance haswas restricted to the information changed over time. Before thethat a supervisor could observe arrival of computers, managersand record firsthand. In the could collect only small amountsmodern era, monitoring can be of information about theirinstantaneous, inexpensive, and, employees based on what theymost importantly, easy (126). saw or heard. However, because computers are now standard workplace technology, employers can monitor employees efficiently (126).
Answer: A is plagiarized. B is an acceptable paraphrase.A. (Similarities between original & student’s attempt are underlined and colored red)Scholars Carl Botan and Mihaela Vorvoreanu argue that in earlier timesmonitoring of employees was restricted to the information that asupervisor could observe and record firsthand. In the modern era,monitoring can be instantaneous, inexpensive, and, most importantly,easy (126).The structure of the sentence is also exactly the same. Only certainwords have changed.B. This passage shows that the student first took the time to thinkthrough and understand what the original selection was saying, andthen incorporated the main ideas. Even though the student didn’t usethe authors’ exact words or sentence structure, she still gave theauthors credit for their ideas in her in-text citation.
Plagiarism is easy to avoid. It simply requires thatyou engage with & seek to understand your sources.Not just pull quotes or facts from them.The double-entry note-taking method discussed inChapter 3 of The Curious Researcher is a great toolfor helping you do this.See Section 30 of your Hacker Pocket Style Manualfor more information about avoiding plagiarism.Remember to use quotations (and be careful!) whenborrowing an author’s words. When summarizing orparaphrasing, don’t just try to change some words(copying sentence structures is also plagiarism).
Now that you know what plagiarism is, why it happens, and how to avoid it, review your summary or paraphrase of the Gonsalves passage.Do you notice any problems?If so, take a moment to try again.
The following passage is an example of which problem (record & explain your answer on your paper):A-EngfishB-Incorrect citationC-Incomplete “quote sandwich”D-Plagiarism1. Some experts have argued that a wide range of legitimate concerns justifies employer monitoring of employee Internet usage. “Employees could accidentally (or deliberately) spill confidential corporate information…or allow worms to spread throughout a corporate network” (Tynan).
Describe the difference between the passage you justlooked at and this one (bottom). Is the change forbetter or worse? Record & explain your answer onyour paper. (Go back to the previous slide to reviewthe previous passage if you need to)2. Some experts have argued that employer monitoring of employees’ Internet usage is justified by a range of legitimate concerns. As PC World columnist Daniel Tynan points out, many companies store important information on their networks. Because of this, those companies that fail to monitor their employees’ internet usage risk the release of “confidential corporate information,” data loss or corruption, and even network failure (Tynan).
Answer: Selection #2 explains the source materialand incorporates it as evidence in the student’slarger argument. It is an improvement.Correct answer for previous question: C–Incomplete “quote sandwich”. In selection #1,there’s no clear reason for the quote to be there. Thestudent just put it in and assumed that it would speakfor itself. It doesn’t.Turn to page 113 of your Hacker Pocket StyleManual to view another version of this improvement.Review chapter 3 of The Curious Researcher as wellas sections 30 & 31 of your HPSM to learn moreabout integrating (and citing) sources.
Review your notes from this PowerPoint about citation, summary, paraphrase, and quotation and consider how it applies to the papers you’ve written.After you complete this PowerPoint and read Chapter 3 of The Curious Researcher, you’ll take a quiz that will, among other things, as you to write down the changes you’ll need to make to your I-Search, Problem Analysis, and the Solution Proposal (in progress, of course).