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  • 1. Urbanisation in LEDCs
    • Aim:
    • What is urbanisation?
    • What are the problems of rapid urbanisation in LEDC cities?
  • 2. What is urbanisation?
    • Urbanisation means the increase in the proportion of the world’s population who live in cities
  • 3.  
  • 4. Attraction to the urban areas
    • People are attracted to urban areas because they think that the opportunities there will be greater than in the country
    • For some life is better but many end up in desperate poverty
    • There are more services & facilities & people think that they will be able to provide a better quality of life for their children, but their future depends on making money, either in the informal sector or the formal sector
  • 5. Where do people live?
    • People moving to the city build houses out of anything they can find
    • Houses are built on unused land that is not wanted at the time
    • Settlements of many small, crowded homes grow quickly in an informal way, with narrow alleyways, gutters for drains, & no running water or power
  • 6.
    • Often these shanty towns grow into very densely populated settlements with many thousands of people
    • Overtime, the buildings may become more permanent homes built out of concrete or brick
    • Some of the shanty towns become established suburbs with water & power supplies
  • 7. Land use model of a LEDC city
  • 8.
    • What questions would you ask the children in this picture about their life in a shanty town?
  • 9. WHO? WHAT? WHY? WHEN? WHERE? HOW?
  • 10.
    • Social Questions about people and the way they live
    • Economic Questions about money
    • Natural Questions about the natural environment
  • 11. WHO? WHAT? WHY? WHEN? WHERE? HOW?
    • Social Questions about people and the way they live
    • Economic Questions about money
    • Natural Questions about the natural environment
  • 12.  
  • 13. What are the conditions in shanty towns like?
    • A shanty town is an area of self-built housing of very low quality
    • In Brazil these are known as favelas
    • The biggest & most infamous favela is Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro
    • Watch the following images of Rocinha & note down some words to describe what the community is like
  • 14. Questions Use information from the Video and from WW 82-83 and 86-87
  • 15.
    • Where is Rio?
    • What was the population in 2002?
    • Using the following sub headings take notes on the problems with Rio de Janeiro?
    • Housing
    • Crime
    • Traffic
    • Pollution
    • How have residence of Rocinha improved their living conditions?
    • City authorities are starting to try and improve conditions within the smaller favelas – how are they attempting to do this.
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  • 43. What is Rocinha like?
  • 44.
    • There are problems in all large urban areas, in both MEDCs & LEDCs, but the rapid growth of LEDC cities has created some extreme problems for the residents & the city planners
    • Use pg.32-33 of Issues & Environments and your notes to annotate the photograph on your sheet