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Arverbs

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Transcript

  • 1. Present tense conjugations of regular –AR verbs Los Verbos Regulares
  • 2. Review the Subject Pronouns Singular yo tú él / ella / Ud. Plural nosotros vosotros ellos / ellas / Uds.
  • 3. Every verb has 2 parts: STEM + ENDING
    • The stem is the part without the –ar, -er, or –ir ending. For example, the stem of hablar is “habl-”
    • When the ending is –ar, -er, or –ir it is called an infinitive and means “to”
    • For example, Hablar means “to talk”
    • Unless we want to say “to talk” we need to CONJUGATE the infinitive.
  • 4. Why do we conjugate verbs?
    • Let’s take “hablar” for an example.
    • Remember the word for I is “yo”
    • What happens if we add “yo” to hablar without conjugating the verb? For example, Yo hablar.
    • Since hablar means “to talk” if we don’t conjugate the verb we would be saying “I to talk”
    • That doesn’t make sense!!
  • 5. So we HAVE to conjugate the verb to say that I talk. How do we do this?
    • Step 1 – Take the ending OFF of the infinitive. In this example, the –ar. You should have the stem left (habl)
    • Look at your subject pronoun chart (the first slide and find the box that indicates “I.” (This would be the first box)
    • Use the chart on the next slide to find the correct ending. In this case “o” and add it to the stem. Yo hablo.
  • 6. -ar present tense endings… MEMORIZE this chart too!!!  -o -as -a -amos -áis -an
  • 7. Por ejemplo…: hablar habl ar they/you all talk habl I talk habl You talk habl a He/she or you talk habl We talk habl You all talk habl o as amos áis an
  • 8. Por ejemplo…: estudiar estudi ar estudi estudi estudi estudi estudi estudi o as a amos áis an
  • 9. Por ejemplo…: nadar nad ar nad nad nad nad nad nad o as a amos áis an
  • 10. But what is the Present tense?
  • 11. Present-tense verbs in Spanish can have several English equivalents. Each simple expression in Spanish may convey three different ideas in English: Estudio español. (yo)
    • I study Spanish.
    • I do study Spanish.
    • I am studying Spanish.
    simple statement emphasis action in progress
  • 12. Make charts and list all the forms of these verbs.
    • Practicar - to practice
    • Cantar - to sing
    • Ayudar - to help
    • Trabajar - to work
    • Necesitar - to need
  • 13.
    • Te toca a ti..
    • (it’s your turn)
  • 14. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta?
    • mi amigo y yo
    • habl amos
    el estudiante habl a hablar
  • 15. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? mi padre trabaj a unos amigos trabaj an trabajar
  • 16. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? tú cocin as ella cocin a cocinar
  • 17. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? Elena y José bail an Laura y yo bail amos bailar
  • 18. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? yo salt o ¿quién? salt a saltar
  • 19. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? vosotros busc áis Uds. busc an buscar
  • 20. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? mis amigos compr an Ramón y tú compr áis comprar
  • 21. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? la clase cant a las estudiantes cant an cantar
  • 22. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? ¿quiénes? pregunt an yo pregunt o preguntar
  • 23. ¿Cuál es la forma correcta? los profesores de inglés toc an Ud. toc a tocar
  • 24. El fin… (Terminamos…)