PREFIXES, SUFFIXES, & ROOT WORDS PASS Objective 1.2.a
Words don’t grow like plants or ﬂowers, but small wordscan grow into large words when you learn aboutpreﬁxes, sufﬁxes, and root words.When you learn how these words can grow, it willimprove your reading skills.
ROOT WORDSThis is the basic part of a word.An example could be the word “happy”.
AFFIXESLetters added to the beginning or end of aroot word. These letters can change themeaning of the word.There are two types: Preﬁxes & Sufﬁxes
PREFIXESAdded to the beginning of a root word to make a newword.It’s like adding a link to a chain. The preﬁx and theroot word link together to make a new word.
PREFIXESIf you add the preﬁx un- to the rootword happy, you have a completely newword with a new meaning.
COMMON PREFIXES & THEIR MEANINGSPREFIX MEANING dis- the opposite of, notim-, in- not bi- two or both, once every two mis- badly, wrong, not il-, ir- not non- the opposite of, not
COMMON PREFIXES & THEIR MEANINGSPREFIX MEANING over- beyond, more than pre- before re- again un- the opposite of, not under- beneath, less than ex- out of, away from
SUFFIXESAdded to the end of a root word tomake a new word.Adding another link to the chain, but at theend.
SUFFIXESAdd the sufﬁx -ness to the word happy andyou get the word happiness.With sufﬁxes, you can’t always just stick iton the end of a word.
COMMON SUFFIXES & THEIR MEANINGSSUFFIX MEANING able to be or become something worthy of, being or-able, -ible becoming something -en to make or become, made from -er, -or person who -ful acting in a certain way, having alot of something -ish belonging to a nation, like, somewhat -less without, missing something -ly in such a way as, happening sometimes
COMMON SUFFIXES & THEIR MEANINGSSUFFIX MEANING -ment action or process, result of action or process -ness a way of being something, appearing some way -ous full of, having -al relating to action -ic characterized by, in the manner of -ance action or process, state of, amount of
PREFIXES & SUFFIXES Root words can have both a preﬁx and a sufﬁx added to themmove re-move mov-able re-mov-able