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Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2
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Irec 2012 challenges for public and private sector industrial relations and unions in times of crisis and austerity_ver1.2

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  • 1. Intra organisational relationships intimes of austerity – End culmination inhistoric trend?Joint conferences IREC 2012/ESA RN 17Challenges for Public and Private Sector IndustrialRelations and Unions in times of crisis and AusterityLisbon, 4-7th September 2012Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. JariStenvall
  • 2. Agenda  Research Questions and aims of presentation  Overarching character of IS  Biopolitics  RE for IS development  SummaryAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall 2 IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 3. Research Questions and aims of presentation I  Can we learn something when examining IS design with a theoretical perspective of biopolitics?  How did work condensation and increasing informationalisation in the public and private sector affect micro- structuring of work in IS design?  Is austerity confined to wage economics, or does it go deeper into work structuring?Austerity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 4. Overarching character of IS I IS have become ubiquitous in the public and private sector They structure and define the workflow in many different ways More and more they have become integral part in the communication of organisations Utilisation of IS is less and less oriented to the standard function of Online Transaction processing (OLTP), but more and more future orientedAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall 4 IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 5. Overarching character of IS II IS are employed with the intention of increasing span of control, while simultaneously attempting overcoming reliance on staff IS – understood in broad terms as ICT – have in times led to a shift of the roles between ICT and humans/staff⇒ staff has become an annex, or getting to stage of “cyborg” (Harraway in Dillon/Reid)⇒ Information captured with IS is used controlling and evaluating performance of employeesAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall 5 IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 6. Biopolitics I „Making life“ is the one core notion of biopolitics  Includes the idea of „valuable“ life that ought to be protected and nourished  Encapsulates rights of the „sovereign“ to dispell when Individuals are not complying to and with „natural“ given rules of individual behaviour and relations to other Under conditions of liberal-market oriented societies “making life” originates in individual optimisationAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall 6 IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 7. Biopolitics II Describes in modern guise a form of governance that relies on community based control Often uses as expression of its „tacit“ character technological expert knowledge Behaviour is evaluated by others and staff itself in line with role-models of a given work community Diverse knowledges and work communities are an expression of different arena in which biopolitics is actingAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall 7 IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 8. RE for IS design - I  RE for IS is a process that defines processes and outcomes to be achieved in order to ensure good quality of a software tool  Is characterised by role duplications and different interests of different parties/stakeholders  Is highly communicative interactive, but faced by differences of technological knowledge that participants have  Is an organisational activities in which the different sets of technological knowledge competeAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 9. RE for IS design - II  RE forces staff to rely on their departmental community as reference for behaviour  Community based references of behaviour are identical to “professionalism”, and how the professional is supposed to behave  Individual behaviour is not assessed primarily in congruence to achieving project aim, but  In line with the expectation act professional as bearer of a technological knowledgeAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 10. RE for IS - III - Shades of professionalism  IS staff is held to  Be Rational and efficiency oriented  Prefer clear cut rules (right or wrong)  Be Highly sceptical on the human capacity to act rational and thus  Avoiding as much as possible human interventions into running of software  Be rather individualistic and monetary oriented, while simultaneously seeking individually economic profitAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 11. RE for IS - IV - Details of the work  RE for IS is characterised by a number stressors that are to be carried as part of the “professional package”  Stressors are mutually reinforcing, and can induce negative stress that might induce different forms of ill- beingAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 12. Stressors in IS – A cursory overview  Stressors identified are  pace of work and considerable overtimes  problems of communication and work overload due to cooperation  highly intellectual demanding tasks  fast obsolescence of knowledge  need for intrinsic work motivation  the service character of SD project work  professional character of work with corresponding work structuresAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17
  • 13. Summary  Austerity relies for IS design in three main aspects:  The professional work ethic and its basis for assessment  The highly restrictive options for project specific and fitting behaviour at the customer site  The professional character of work and the formal detailed structuring of work induce add-on stress to employees working in that field  We suggest that over time professional work ethics in combination with minute detailed work description are to become standard  The current prevalence in Germany of “examining” work relations in terms of their impact on psychological well-being is in times short sighted, as it does not consider the underlying structural changes  We suggest examining more and other fields of occupation with the lens of biopolitics, as we observe that in different areas of job-life biopolitics has taken a holdAusterity in the System Dr. Oliver Krone & Prof. Jari Stenvall IREC 2012/ ESA RN 17

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