Warsaw ghettos
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  • 1. Warsaw Ghettos
    By: Olivia Miller and Vanessa McElroy
    Warsaw Ghettos
  • 2. Warsaw
    Poland’s capitol
    Europe's largest community of Jewish people
    Second largest Jewish community in the world by 20th century
    With a population of 1.3 million, 29% were Jewish
  • 3. Germany Invades Poland
    Germany attacks and surrounds Warsaw from all sides
    Warsaw stands against German force for 3 weeks
    Air attacks caused much damage and loss of life
  • 4. New Jewish Laws in Warsaw
    Men and women 10+ years old had to wear an armband with a blue star of David on it
    No radios
    Jewish shops had to be identified
    Prohibited train transportation
    Had to have special permit in order to buy or lease enterprise from Jews
    Jews had to put money in a “blocked back account”
    Couldn’t receive more than 250 zloties($83.20) per week from bank account
    Most of their economic activity was controlled
  • 5. Jews in Warsaw
    Rise in gang violence against Jews
    Jews were attacked and mugged
    No interference from those who witnessed Jews being robbed on street
  • 6. Warsaw Ghettos
    On October 12, 1940, Jews were notified about the ghettos they were supposed to move into
    138,000 Jews took the homes of 113,000 Poles
    Jewish ghetto was cut off by a high constructed wall
    Construction was done by the firm Schmidt & Münstermann
    Nazis did not call this area a ghetto, but instead JüdischerWohnbezirk, which means Jewish Quarter
  • 7. Living Situations
    Started off not so bad but got increasingly worse
    29% of Warsaw living in 3 mile area, which is 2.4% of the city area
    Rationed 200 calories per day
    Often bribed guards to smuggle in food
  • 8. Deaths
    Were not put into gas chambers like the concentration camps
    From starvation, typhoid, poor sanitary conditions
    Around 6,000 people/month
  • 9. Daily Lives
    2,454 students attended training schools in the ghetto
    Had underground organizations
    Smuggling was vital
    Continued with daily prayers even though they were told not to.
  • 10. After Deaths
    Families stripped relatives clothing
    Sold clothing for money
    Bodies were left naked on streets
    Funeral carts would collect bodies between 4 and 5 AM
  • 11. After the ghettos
    Were not dying quick enough
    Some were sent to labor camps
    300,000 sent to Treblinka Extermination camp
  • 12. Citations
    Calenderof Events. The Fund for Support of Jewish Institutions or Projects outside Norway, 2006. Web. 3 Apr. 2011. <http://www.getto.pl/index.php?show=kalendarium&lang=en>.
    Holocaust Education and Research Team. "The Warsaw Ghetto Http://www.HolocaustResearchProject.org." Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. 2007. Web. 03 Apr. 2011. <http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ghettos/warsawghetto.html>.
    Polish Zloty Exchange Rate Graph - US Dollar - Historical Exchange Rates." Exchange Rates. 25 Mar. 2011. Web. 30 Mar. 2011. <http://www.exchange-rates.org/history/PLN/USD/G>.
    "Warsaw Ghetto." Central Page. 14 Sept. 2006. Web. 30 Mar. 2011. <http://www.deathcamps.org/occupation/warsaw ghetto.html>.
    Warsawlife.com. "Warsaw Ghetto | Warsaw Life." Warsaw Life | Warsaw Travel Guide | Restaurants Shops Pubs and Apartments Warsaw Hotels | Poland. 2011. Web. 03 Apr. 2011. <http://www.warsaw-life.com/poland/warsaw-ghetto>.