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Trends in instructional technology

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  • 1. Trends in Instructional Technology: A Scenario of KTTC Robert Okinda MIDT - OUM
  • 2. 1.0 Current Trends 2.0 Future Trends 3.0 Uncertainties 8/12/2013 2 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 3. 1.0 Current Trends in Instructional Technologies Current Technologies at KTTC Non- projected display boards Projection boards and equipments Real things, modi fied real things, speci mens Reprographic equipments Graphics Print materials Audio- visuals ICT Integration tools 8/12/2013 3 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 4. 1.1 Current Trends– Presentation Boards 8/12/2013 4 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 5. 1.2 Current Trends– Projection Equipments 8/12/2013 5 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 6. 1.3 Current Trends– Real things 8/12/2013 6 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 7. 1.4 Current Trends – Reprographic Equipments 8/12/2013 7 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 8. 1.5 Current Trends – Print Materials 8/12/2013 8 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 9. 1.6 Current Trends- Graphics 8/12/2013 9 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 10. 1.7 Current Trends– Audio Visuals 8/12/2013 10 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 11. Current trends – ICT Integration Tools 8/12/2013 11 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 12. 2.0 Future Trends in Instructional Technologies at KTTC Future Technologies at KTTC Technologies for multiple means of presentation Technologies for multiple means of action and expression Technologies for multiple means of engagement Technologies for collaboration Technologies for web 2.0 8/12/2013 12 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 13. • Multiple means of presentation – presentation of information and content through digital text, audio, video, still photos or images • Multiple means of action and expression – differentiating the ways with which students express what they know through writing, speaking, drawing, video-recording or assistive technology • Multiple means of engagement – different ways of stimulating interest and motivating students for learning through choice of tools, adjustable levels of challenge, cognitive supports, novelty or varied grouping • Technologies for Web 2.0 • Technologies for Collaboration 8/12/2013 13 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 14. 2.1 Multiple means of presentation Technology Description and examples of Technologies for Multiple means of presentation Lesson builder Lesson builder (http://lessonbuilder.cast.org ) Windows on the universe Windows on the universe (http://www.windows.ucar.edu ) Supports for reading Trailfire (website) for marking a trail of websites and for learners to mark sites that are important to them (www.trailfire.org ) readplease - For increasing access to all visual information/ reading any pasted text (http://www.readplease.com ) e-text reader - (http://www.readingmadeez.com) Natural reader - For converting text to audio for MP3 player or for saving highlights from a book or text so that students can study main points (http://www.naturalreader.com ) Childrens digital library - 8/12/2013 14 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 15. Project Gutenberg (www.gutenberg.org ), Bibliomania (www.bibliomania.com ), Readprint (www.readprint.com ), Bartleby (www.bartleby.com ) and Okapi Book builder - For creating electronic books (http://bookbuilder.cast.org ) Vocabulary support - (http://www.answers.com ) Wordweb - For definitions and synonyms, proper nouns and pronounciations (http://wordweb.info/free/ ) Presentation tools Prezi - A cloud based software for building amazing, non linear presentations where you can zoom in and out of images, videos, words, etc. (www.prezi.com ) Powerpoint - Evoca – a Podcast ……….. SMARTBOARD – interactive whiteboard tools that can transform classrooms or meeting space into dynamic learning environments Animato – a video tool that enables you to create videos from your images (www.animato.com ) iPod – an MP3/Podcast mobile device for listening to music and podcasts in MP3 format as well as watching videos Captivate – a demo and scenario tool that creates simulations, software demonstrations and scenario based training without programming knowledge or multi-media skills (www.captivate.com ) Audacity – an audio/ podcasting tool that enables recording of sound for presentation (www.sourceforge.net ) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 15
  • 16. ipadio – a phonecast live to the web that allows you to broadcast from any phone to the internet (www.ipadio.com ) Keynote – cinema quality presentation software (www.apple.com/iwork/keynote ) Tools for screen casting/ screen capture Jing – for adding visuals to online conversations. You can instantly capture screen shots and videos and then share them (www.jing.com) Evernote – a note taking tool that allows you to capture web pages, photos, notes and screen shots which can then be tagged, stored and found again (www.evernote.com ) Camtasia studio – for recording your screen to create training, demo and presentation videos (www.techsmith.com/camtasia.asp ) Cumstudio – records all screen and audio activities on your computer for presentation (www.cumstudio.org ) Captivate – a screen casting tool for creating simulations, software demonstrations and scenario-based training without programming knowledge or multi-media skills (www.captivate.com ) snagIt – a screen capture tool that captures anything on your screen, edit, print or share with students (www.techsmith.com/snagit.asp ) Screenr – enables you to record on your mac or computer and then play on the web or on the iPhone (www.screenr.com ) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 16
  • 17. Digital media Activities here include sharing videos, presenting, digital storytelling, discussion trigger, reflective tool, archiving class activities and digital literacy when part of student work. Digital media is used as alternative to text orF2F and accommodates alternative learning styles, allow viewing of materials otherwise not available, allow multimodal/ flexible access to resources and enable learners at different places to access content at all times. iTunes– an audio player and site that enables you to listen to music and podcasts as well as watch videos. Educational podcasts are available at iTunes U. (www.apple.com/iTunes ) iPhone/ iPad Touch and applications – a phone, internet and multimedia device and access (www.apple.com/iPhone ) UNSW TV - Web mail Gmail/google mail – a web based email service with many megabytes of storage space for archiving mail threads Hotmail - Yahoo - Thunderbird - Outlook – email software from Microsoft 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 17
  • 18. 2.2 Multiple means of Action and Expression Technologies for expression provide flexible models of skilled performance, opportunities for practice with support, ongoing and relevant feedback and flexible opportunities for demonstrating a skill. • Survey tools • Concept mapping tools • graphics 8/12/2013 18 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies
  • 19. Technology Description and examples Technology for Multiple means of expression by students Survey tools Used to find out what motivates learners, testing understanding (self-tests), diagnostic tests (testing prior knowledge), topic focussed testing and feedback on a course. These tools are used for formative assessment, summative assessment and for course evaluation. Examples include: Jack point – online reinforcer survey Phpsurvey Zoomerang Surveymonkey - Survey and questionnaire tool for creating online surveys quickly and easily (www.surveymonkey.com ) Polldaddy – helps you to get quick feedback from your learners (www.polldaddy.com ) Respondus Stumbleupon – a polling and survey tool that allows you to surf the internet to find great websites, videos and photos Zotero – a firefox extension used collect, manage and cite your research sources (www.zotero.com )8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 19
  • 20. i-lighter (www.ilightr.com ) Concept mapping tools A graphical tool that shows relationships among concepts. Freemind – (http://freeming.sourceforge.net ), cmap (http://cmap.ihmc.us ), Mindmeister – a collaborative mindmapping tool (www.mindmeister.com ) Bubble.us – a collaborative mindmapping tool for brainstorming online with colleagues and students (www.bubble.us.com ) Mind manager – a mind mapping tool that allows you to visually capture, organize and communicate ideas and information effectively (www.mindmanager.com ) Writing sample analyser Provides learners with alternative support for their writing and enables them to graph their progress (http://absidian.sktyler.tools/writer/) Interactive drawing Example here includes imagination cubed (http://www.imaginationcubed.com ) Storybird Used for collaborative storytelling with colleagues or students (www.storybird.com ) Project poster Enables students to create their own web page on their research. Each page can display one picture, body text and the links with additional information (http://poster.4teachers.org ) Discussion forums In discussion forums, learners reflect, debate, review and build social knowledge. The rationale for the forum is to enable them to negotiate understanding, have multiple perspectives and for feedback. Wimba – for audio discussion and feedback Seismic – for video discussions 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 20
  • 21. 2.3 Technologies for multiple means of Engagement Technologies for means of engagement offer learners a choice of content, tools, levels of challenge, rewards and learning context • Learning Management Systems (LMS) • Content Authoring • Mobile Learning 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 21
  • 22. Technology Description and examples Learning management systems (LMS) / Course management systems Moodle - A course management system with social functionality Sakai Drupal – a content management system that supports a variety of websites ranging from personal blogs to large community driven websites (www.drupal.com ) Joomla – a content management system for building websites and other online applications Chesimba Blackboard – an educational course management system (www.blackboard.com ) Content authoring tools Lectora - eLearning software, including authoring software suites, Learning Management Systems (LMS) and tools for computer-based training (www.trivantis.com ) Atutor - Bodington - Articulate – a rapid eLearning suite for creating content (www.articulate.com ) eXe – a course authoring tool that creates SCORM compliant training materials that do not require one to be proficient in HTML or XML (www.exe.com ) Nvu - A versatile web authoring tool for creating websites that are not structured chronologically (www.nvu.com ) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 22
  • 23. Mobile learning AMULETS (Advanced Mobile and Ubiquitous Learning Environment for Teachers and Students) (http://www.iamlearn.org/projects/project.php?id=40 ) Astra (http://www.astra-project.net/ ) Cityware – (http://www.cityware.org.uk) Collage – (http://www.ea.gr/ep/collage) Catchbob! – a mobile game for running psychological experiments (http://craftwww.epfl.ch/research/catchbob) Aviary A suite for online creation of photos, logos, web templates, colour pallets, screen capture, e.t.c. (www.aviary.com ) Remember the milk A task manager that allows you to manage tasks quickly and easily and works with google calendar, twitter, iPhone and gmail Zoho suite An office and productivity tool that includes word processing, spreadsheets and presentation tools as well as zoho meeting, zoho planner, zoho creator and zoho wiki (www.zoho.com ) Dreamweaver Web authoring tool 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 23
  • 24. 2.4 Technologies for Web2.0 • These are web applications that support participatory information sharing, interoperability, and collaboration • They include blogs, wikis, video and photo sharing sites, social networks and social bookmarking. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 24
  • 25. 2.4.1 Technology for Social Networks • Social networks comprise websites that aim at bringing together individuals or organizations to share information that is either personal or professional. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 25
  • 26. Technologies for Social Networks Description and examples Facebook Facebook is a social networking site with many applications that allow it to be used effectively for educational purposes (www.facebook.com ) LinkedIn A social network aimed at the professional community (www.linkedin.com ) Ning Tweetdeck A social software for staying in touch with what is happening, connecting you with your contacts across twiter or facebook (www.tweetdeck.com ) Twhirl www.twhirl.com Friendster Orkut Myspace Twitter ning network formation - A private social networking tool used for creating customised social networks and communities (www.ning.com ) Elgg network formation Connexions Drupal Wordpress 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 26
  • 27. 2.4.2 Technology for Sharing Documents, Videos and Photos • Technologies for sharing documents, videos and photos allow teachers and learners to share text and graphics online. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 27
  • 28. Technologies Description and examples YouTube YouTube is used for hosting, tagging, and sharing videos online TeacherTube A video hosting and sharing tool for teachers to host, tag and share instructional videos (www.teachertube.com ) Vimeo A video hosting and sharing tool used by people who are passionate about the videos they take (www.vieo.com ) Photopeach A photo hosting and sharing tool that enables you to quickly upload photos and make slideshows, share them or embed them on your blog (www.photopeach.com ) Google docs Google docs are used for creating, storing and sharing documents, spreadsheets and presentations online for individual or collaborative work Slideshare Slideshare is used for storing, tagging and sharing presentations with colleagues or students to create a slidecast Voicethread A collaborative slideshow tool that allows you to create collaborative presentations by collecting text and voice comments. It enables learners to acquire communication skills, presentation skills and critical reviewing. (www.voicethread.com) Drop.io A file sharing site that makes it easy it easy to share large files (www.drop.io ) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 28
  • 29. Dropbox A file synching tool used for creating, storing and sharing documents, spreadsheets and presentations online for individual or collaborative work. If you put your files in one computer, they will be available instantly in any other computer where you have installed dropbox on Etherpad A real time document collaboration tool that enables you to work with colleagues or students real time (www.etherpad.com ), (www.typewithme.com ) Amplify A content sharing and conversation platform for engaging in conversation about news, thoughts, and ideas that people share (www.amplify.com ) Scribd A document sharing and hosting site used for storing and sharing documents (www.scribd.com ) Voicethread A collaborative slideshow tool that enables you to create collaborative presentations by collecting text and voice comments (www.voicethread.com ) Flickr An image hosting and sharing tool used for storing, tagging and sharing photos with colleagues or students (www.flickr.com ) Picasa Picasa is used to locate, organise, edit, add effects and share photos with colleagues and students (www.picasa.google.com ) Toondoo Used for creating and sharing your own comic strips (www.toondoo.com ) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 29
  • 30. 2.5 Technologies for Collaboration • Technologies for collaboration include wikis, web conferencing, social bookmarking and blogs. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 30
  • 31. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 31 2.5.1 Technologies for Wikis • A wiki is a website that allows creation and editing of interlinked web pages through a web bowser. • Relevant activities learners engage in while using a wiki include collaborative writing, group negotiation and planning, project planning and management. • The rationale for using a wiki comprises synthesis of knowledge, negotiation of understanding and having multiple perspectives. • Desired learning outcomes arising from using a wiki consist of working in teams, self-directed learning, giving and receiving feedback.
  • 32. Technologies for Wikis Description and examples wikipedia An online collaborative encyclopaedia written collaboratively by people around the world (www.wikipedia.org ) wikieducator An online community for collaborative development of learning materials. These materials are to be re-used, adapted and shared by teachers (www.wikieducator.org ) wikispaces A tool that enables you to create a wiki for collaborative working and learning (www.wikispaces.com ) PBworks/ PBwiki A collaboration tool that is used for business and education (www.pbworks.com ) Wetpaint A wiki tool that enables you to create free wikis that are simple to start, easy to build and fun to share (www.wetpaint.com ) Udutu An online authoring tool that allows you to import existent content or to create courses quickly and easily on your own or collaboratively with others (www.udutu.com ) Tiddlywiki Mediawiki Wiki in the classroom A site used to create an environment for learners to work collaboratively. They publish together and for a large audience Educational portal sites 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 32
  • 33. 2.5.2 Technologies for Web Conferencing • Web conferencing is a service that allows online consultations, discussions or meetings synchronously. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 33
  • 34. Technologies for Web Conferencing Description and examples Google wave A real time collaboration tool that enables you to communicate and collaborate real time (www.google.com/wave ) Dimdim A web conferencing system that enables you to deliver synchronised presentations, whiteborads, and web pages while sharing voice and video (www.dimdim.com ) Adobe connect Web conferencing software that provides enterprise web communication and online collaboration. It enables archiving of conversations and flexible access to activities. Helps learners to acquire presentation and oral communication skills (www.adobe.com/products/connect ) Webx A web conferencing tool for web meeting and conferences. Can also be used for interactive training (www.webx.com ) Voxopop A talk group that enables you to discuss your interests and passions with people using your real voice (www.voxopop.com ) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 34
  • 35. Webinar A web based seminar – presentation or workshop that features personal audio and web conference room with toll free access. A one way broadcast is referred to as a webcast. (http://www.gotomeeting.com/fec/webinar ) WizIQ A WixIQ offers a rich set of intuitive tools for teaching live and online in virtual classrooms (www.wiziq.com ) Skype Instant messenger or voice call tool for text and voice messaging with others via the internet. (www.skype.com ) Yugma A web meeting tool that enables you to hold small meetings. You can whiteboard, annotate and share files. Skype can also be used for connection Ustream A live broadcasting tool that enables live interactive video broadcasting to a global audience. It only requires a camera and internet connectivity (www.ustream.com ) Elluminate A web conferencing tool for live eLearning and web collaboration (www.elluminate.com ) Virtual classrooms 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 35
  • 36. 2.5.3 Technology for RSS/ Aggregators and Social Book-marking • Really Simple Syndication (RSS), is a way with which you can subscribe to websites and save time on the web. Social-bookmarks allow internet users to organise, store, manage and search for bookmarks of websites and blogs online. • Technologies for RSS and social book-marking are used for sharing and reviewing online resources and for connecting with outside experts/ communities. These technologies bring exposure to and awareness of external activities, conversations and resources. The desired learning outcomes here include information literacy and global practice. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 36
  • 37. Technologies for RSS and Social Bookmarking Description and examples Diigo A social annotation tool where you can highlight, clip and sticky-note any page and then share it with colleagues or students Del.icio.us Commonly used for storing, tagging and sharing bookmarks (website) online with colleagues or with students Google reader A web-based RSS reader to aggregate and manage all your news and blog feeds in one place Bloglines A web-based RSS reader and aggregator to keep you up- to-date with news and blog posting (www.bloglines.com ) Librarything A book cataloguing tool that enables you to connect with people who read the same things (www.librarything.html ) Bit.ley A URL shortener and tracker that is used for shortening, sharing and tracking your links (www.bit.ley.com ) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 37
  • 38. 2.5.4 Technologies for Blogging • Weblogs are interactive websites with attractive, customizable templates and design for expressing opinions and other issues about a particular topic on a regular basis. • Blogs are used for educational purposes to create an environment for learners to read, analyse and post comments related to instructional goals. The relevant activities learners engage in while blogging include reflecting, debating, reviewing (group work) and publishing. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 38
  • 39. Blog Description WordPress Simple to use open source platform found at http://wordpress.com Blogger Simple to use open source platform found at www.blogger.com or www.blogspot.com Blogger Buzz Simple to use open source platform found at http://buzz.blogger.com Posterous Using email, you can attach any type of file on it. I t is an open source platform found at www.posterous.com Edmodo A private online social platform for teachers and students to share ideas, files, links, events and assignments found at www.edmodo.com. It is similar to facebook or twitter. Edmondo mobile can be found at www.m.edmondo.com or on facebook and twitter. Edublogs This is an easy, safe, reliable and feature-rich blogging site based on the WordPress platform found at http://edublogs.org . It enables you to easily create and manage student and teacher blogs, create class publications, post videos, podcasts and documents, facilitate fantastic discussions and replace paper newsletters. It is also found on facebook and twitter. TypePad A premier blogging service with a number of pricing plans with extra functionalities like storage space and scheduling of postings. It is found at www.typepad.com 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 39
  • 40. Yammer An enterprise microblogging tool with the same functionality as Twitter, but for in-company use. Staff with the same email domain can join a given network and there are no groups or community features (www.yammer.com ) Windowslive writer 2011 Windows Live Writer is a desktop tool that makes it easy for you to narrate a concept like a professional blogger and view the post before publishing to any blog service providers. It is found at http://explore.live.com/windows-live-writer Tumbler Tumbler provides microblogging service. Tumble logs are feature rich and blog hosting platforms that enable you to express yourself. They can be used for sharing text, photos, quotes, links, music and videos from your browser, phone, desktop, or email. It can be found at www.tumblr.com Twitter Twitter is an online social networking and microblogging service that enables you to send and read text based posts found at www.twitter.com Facebook blog Facebook blog is an online social networking and microblogging service that enables you to send and read text based posts found at http://blog.facebook.com/blog.php?post=10150289612087131 Imbee (www.imbee.com ) haiku (www.haiku.com) tigid (www.tigblog.org/group/tiged) 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 40
  • 41. Future Trends – Use of Objects and Gestures 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 41 By Pranav Mistry
  • 42. Clif Mims’s views on Current Trends and Future Directions of Educational Technologies • Click on the link below to view a slideshare on Clif Mims’s views on current and future trends in educational technology • http:// Clif Mims - clifmims_com.htm Accessed on — 05/04/2013 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 42
  • 43. 2013 Education Technology Trends • There has been a shift from desktop towards mobile technology, and sales are slated to keep moving more towards mobile devices. • Gamification is huge: The market is predicted to go from $2.0bn in 2012 to $7.4bn in 2015. • Passive technology use in the classroom (like using a powerpoint) is being forgone for more interactive technology usage. • MOOCs: The jury is still out on whether 2013 will be the year of bubble or bust for MOOCs. • HTML5 and Tin Can API are gaining more popularity. • Responsive web design is taking over (to enable usability across a range of devices). • The average age of online learners is increasing (27 in 2002 to 34 in 2013). • There is a huge increase in the global online learning market: They’re forecasting a compounded annual growth rate of 7.9% from 2012-16. Source: www.edudemic.htm 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 43
  • 44. Influential Online Learning Trends in 2013 • Click on the link below to view an infographic depicting how the e-learning field is turning out to be the game changer in 21st century education - from Learning Analytics to the MOOC movement, and from Gamification to new Design Possibilities. • http://knowledgeone.ca/blog/post/2013-e- learning-trends.aspx 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 44
  • 45. Future Trends – Alternative Reality • Second Life • Serious gaming • Kaneva • Small world • There.com 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 45
  • 46. Future Trends - Micro worlds - http://www.design- simulation.com/IP/simulationlibrary/flash- simulations.php – http://www.thuleroadtrip.com/thule_trail/thuleTr ail.html 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 46
  • 47. Future Trends - Simulations • http://www.miniclip.com/games/magic- pen/en/ • http://artpad.art.com/artpad/painter/ • http://www.edumedia- sciences.com/m198_l2-magnetism.html 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 47
  • 48. Future Trends - Games • http://www.vivalagames.com/play/massattack/ • http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/ani mals/kidscorner/foodchain/foodchain.htm 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 48
  • 49. Uncertainties of Educational Technologies 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 49 uncertainties Derek Wenmoth Terry Anderson Ray Schroeder Stamenka Uvalid- Trumbid and Sir John Daniel
  • 50. Ray Schroeder highlights three key uncertainties: • The economic downturn and associated funding of education - will it turn around? Ray suggests that the economic downturn is the source of quickening changes in education in particular governments reducing financial commitments to supporting higher education around the world. • The advent of "faculty-free" universities relying on assessment of work experience and (perhaps) OER for learning. In particular the phenomenon of competency-based assessment for degrees without instruction. • The shrinking number of faculty members who create and update our new learning materials for education. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 51
  • 51. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 53 Stamenka Uvalid-Trumbid and Sir John Danielposit OER as a certainty in higher education and highlight three key uncertainties: • Open badges as a new bottom-up certification model. • Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) reflecting on the current herd behaviour of higher education institutions joining the MOOC phenomenon in the absence of an obvious way for institutions to cover the costs of development. • Will online learning fly in the East? referring to whether open, distance and online learning will ever become a mainstream delivery model in countries like Arabia and China.
  • 52. Uncertainties - Terry Anderson • Impact of the Internet on two forms of interaction in open distance learning: The Internet has facilitated radical reductions in the cost of production and dissemination of resources to support student-content interactions and digital technologies facilitate adaptive interactions impacting on student-teacher interactions and issues associated with "deskilling" the role of the academy. • Authenticating and credentialing of learning referring, for example, to the growing reluctance among learners and employers to rely on traditional models of assessment for authentication of learning. • Impact of social networking on teaching and learning referring to what might happen when learners begin to leverage the potential of social media in support of their learning. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 54
  • 53. Uncertainties - Derek Wenmoth Focus shifts from the system to the learner – Ubiquity - Anywhere, any time and any pace learning. – Agency - The "power to act" where the learner is in charge rather than the school or system. – Connectedness - Learning as part of a global network using personal learning networks. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 55
  • 54. 8/12/2013 Current and Future Trends in Instructional Technologies 56