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Apa 2009 2010 update Apa 2009 2010 update Presentation Transcript

  • Do Not Post on LibGuides STOP Purdue University Writing Lab
  • APA Citation Style 6 th Edition, 2009 Purdue University Writing Lab
  • What’s New?
    • Some of the changes include:
      • the use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) with references to electronic sources (when available). 
      • expanded coverage of online resources
    • To learn more about the changes made in the new edition, check out the " What's New " section on the official APA Website.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • http://apastyle.apa.org/ Purdue University Writing Lab
  • APA Learning Tools
    • http://apastyle.apa.org/learn/
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Documenting Sources: Using APA Format A workshop brought to you by the Purdue University Writing Lab Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Why Use APA Format?
    • Allows readers to cross-reference your sources easily
    • Provides consistent format within a discipline
    • Gives you credibility as a writer
    • Protects yourself from plagiarism
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Cross-Referencing Your Sources
    • Cross-referencing allows readers to locate the publication information of source material. This is of great value for researchers who may want to locate your sources for their own research projects.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Using a Consistent Format
    • Using a consistent format helps your reader understand your arguments and the sources they’re built on.
    • It also helps you keep track of your sources as you build arguments.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Establishing Credibility
    • The proper use of APA style shows the credibility of writers; such writers show accountability to their source material.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Avoiding Plagiarism
    • Proper citation of your sources in APA style can help you avoid plagiarism, which is a serious offense. It may result in anything from failure of the assignment to expulsion from school.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Where Do I Find APA Format?
    • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 6th ed.
    • www.apastyle.org
    • Composition textbooks
    • OWL website: owl.english.purdue.edu
    • Writing Lab Grammar Hotline: 494-3723
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • OWL PowerPoint: Formatting Purdue University Writing Lab http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/17 /
  • APA Style: Two Main Concerns
    • Reference Page
    • In Text or Parenthetical Citations
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Reference Page
    • A list of every source that you make reference to in your essay.
    • Provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources cited in your essay.
    • Each retrievable source cited in the essay must appear on the reference page, and vice versa.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • A Sample Reference Page Purdue University Writing Lab http://rdc.libguides.com/data/files/41244/APA_sample_reference_page_F09.pdf
    • Most citations should contain the following basic information:
    • Author’s name
    • Title of work
    • Publication information
    Reference Page Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Book: Print
    • Fleming, T. (1997). Liberty!: The
    • American revolution . New York:
    • Viking.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Book: Online
    • Use the following format if the book was published both in print and electronically.
    • Norman, R. (1998).  The moral philosophers.
    • [netLibrary version] Retrieved  from
    • http://www.netlibrary.com
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Book: Online
    • If it was published only electronically, use the complete URL for the book.
    • DeHuff, E.W. Taytay’s tales: Traditional
    • Pueblo Indian tales . Retrieved from
    • http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Nova University: Book Citations Video
    • http://www.nova.edu/library/dils/video/FormatBookReferenceCitations_APA6thed
    Purdue University Writing Lab
    • Brown, E. (1996). The Lake of Seduction:
    • Silence, Hysteria, and the Space of
    • Feminist Theatre. JTD: Journal of
    • Theatre and Drama, 2 , 175-200.
    Article: Print Journal Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Print Journal
    • APA style includes the journal issue number only if each issue of the journal is paginated individually:
    • Kralj, M. M. (1994). Getting out of the box.
    • Consulting Psychology Journal:      
    • Practice and Research, 46 (2), 27-28.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
    • If the article has an assigned DOI, include the DOI in the citation:
    • Stultz, J.(2006). Integrating exposure therapy and
    • analytic therapy in trauma treatment. American
    • Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76 (4), 482-488.
    • doi:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482
    Article: Online Journal (Web) Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Online Journal (Web)
    • If it doesn't have a DOI, include the URL of the journal home page.
    • Evnine, S. J. (2001). The universality of logic:
    • On the connection between rationality and
    • logical ability. Mind , 110 , 335-367. Retrieved
    • from http://mind.oxfordjournals.org/
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Online Database
    • If the article has an assigned DOI, include the DOI in the citation:
    • Stultz, J.(2006). Integrating exposure therapy
    • and analytic therapy in trauma treatment.
    • American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 6 (4),         
    • 482-488. doi:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Online Database
    • If it doesn't have a DOI, include the URL of the journal home page.
    • Evnine, S. J. (2001). The universality of logic:
    • On the connection between rationality and
    • logical ability. Mind , 110 , 335-367.
    • Retrieved from http://mind.oxfordjournals.org/
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Print Magazine
    • Gawande, A. (2001, July 9). The man
    • who couldn't stop eating.  The New      
    • Yorker, 77, 66-75 .
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Online Magazine
    • Saletan, W. (2001, August 16). The
    • ethicist's new clothes.  Slate .
    • Retrieved from http://slate.msn.com/
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Print Newspaper
    • Holden, S. (1998, May 16). Frank Sinatra
    • dies at 82: Matchless stylist of pop.      
    • The New York Times , pp. A1, A22-A23.
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Online Newspaper
    • From an online database
    • Cowell, A. (2001, September 3). Britain
    • faces flurry of illegal migrants using      
    • channel tunnel. New York Times .
    • Retrieved from http://nytimes.com
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Article: Online Newspaper
    • From the Web
    • Wright, S. (2001, January 25). Curriculum
    • 2000 draws criticism. The Chronicle .      
    • Retrieved from http://www.ch.duke.edu
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • More Information at Nova University: Article Citations Video
    • http://www.nova.edu/library/dils/video/FormatJournalArticle_APA6th/
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Website
    • "When citing an entire website, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in only the text.
    • Kidspsych is a wonderful interactive website for
    • children (http://www.kidspsych.org).
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Website
    • Citing a page within an entire website is not specifically addressed in the 6 th edition. Rule 7.09 , 61
    • Suggestion:
    • Wilson, K. (2007). Today in health .
    • Retrieved from http://www.todayhealth/
    • org/press/
    Purdue University Writing Lab
    • What other types of sources might you need to list on your reference page?
    • Study the basics of APA citation format. When something odd comes up, don’t guess. Look it up!
    Reference Page Purdue University Writing Lab
  • When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations?
    • When quoting any words that are not your own
      • Quoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marks
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations?
    • When summarizing facts and ideas from a source
      • Summarizing means to take ideas from a large passage of another source and condense them, using your own words
    • When paraphrasing a source
      • Paraphrasing means to use the ideas from another source but change the phrasing into your own words
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Keys to Parenthetical Citations
    • Readability
    • Keep references brief
    • Give only information needed to identify the source on your reference page
    • Do not repeat unnecessary information
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Handling Quotes in Your Text
    • Author’s last name, publication year, and page number(s) of quote must appear in the text
    • Caruth (1996) states that a traumatic response frequently entails a “delayed, uncontrolled repetitive appearance of hallucinations and other intrusive phenomena” (p.11).
    • A traumatic response frequently entails a “delayed, uncontrolled repetitive appearance of hallucinations and other intrusive phenomena” (Caruth, 1996, p.11).
    Purdue University Writing Lab
    • Sometimes additional information is necessary . . .
    • More than one author with the same last name
    • (H. James, 1878); (W. James, 1880)
    • Two or more works in the same parentheses
    • (Fussell, 1975; Caruth, 1996; Showalter, 1997)
    • Work with six or more authors
    • (Smith et al, 1998)
    • Specific part of a source
    • (Jones, 1995, chap. 2)
    Handling Parenthetical Citations Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Handling Parenthetical Citations
    • If the source has no known author, then use an abbreviated version of the title:
    • Full Title: “California Cigarette Tax Deters Smokers”
    • Citation: (“California,” 1999)
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Handling Parenthetical Citations
    • A reference to a personal communication:
    • Source: email message from C. Everett Koop
    • Citation: (C. E. Koop, personal communication, May 16, 1998)
    • A general reference to a web site Source: Purdue University web site
    • Citation: (http://www.purdue.edu)
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Handling Parenthetical Citations
    • Recently, the history of warfare has been significantly revised by Higonnet et al (1987), Marcus (1989), and Raitt and Tate (1997) to include women’s personal and cultural responses to battle and its resultant traumatic effects. Feminist researchers now concur that “It is no longer true to claim that women's responses to the war have been ignored” (Raitt & Tate, p. 2). Though these studies focus solely on women's experiences, they err by collectively perpetuating the masculine-centered impressions originating in Fussell (1975) and Bergonzi (1996).
    • However, Tylee (1990) further criticizes Fussell, arguing that his study “treated memory and culture as if they belonged to a sphere beyond the existence of individuals or the control of institutions” (p. 6).
    Purdue University Writing Lab
    • There are many different combinations and variations within APA citation format.
    • If you run into something unusual, look it up!
    Handling Quotes in Your Text Purdue University Writing Lab
  • More Information at Nova University: In Text Citation Video Purdue University Writing Lab http://www.nova.edu/library/dils/video/TextCitations6thed/
  • More Information
    • Purdue University
      • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
    • APA
      • Sample Paper
        • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/18/
    • C. G. O’Kelly Library
      • [email_address]
      • 336-750-2454
      • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Sixth Edition
        • TEXTBOOKS (LIB USE ONLY)   BF76.7 .P83 2010
    Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Where can you go for additional help with APA documentation?
    • Purdue University Writing Lab
    • Heavilon 226
    • Grammar Hotline: (765) 494-3723
    • Check our web site: http://owl.english.purdue.edu
    • Email brief questions: [email_address]
    Purdue University Writing Lab Purdue University Writing Lab
  • Evaluation Purdue University Writing Lab