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Week 7 Cc 1
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Week 7 Cc 1

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  • 1. Copyrights and Creative Commons GPA 1035 Prepared and Presented by Dr. Haggen So Released under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong Licence
  • 2. Introduction to Copyright in HK 知識產權署 教育與版權 http://www .ipd.gov.hk /chi/education .htm
  • 3. Other Systems for Legal Use without Clearance Fair Use – Non-exhaustive Model Fair Dealing – Exhaustive Model
  • 4. Fair Use <ul><li>Applicable in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose and character of use </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of work </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of work being copied </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on market for work </li></ul>
  • 5. Fair Dealing <ul><li>UK, Commonwealth, HK </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed in Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and private study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism, review and news reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incidental inclusion of copyright material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provisions for disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair dealing for purposes instruction and examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal or Governmental Use </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Fair Dealing (Cont') <ul><li>Within the prescribed categories, 4 points for considerations in Education within HKCO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the purpose and nature of the dealing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the nature of the work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the amount and substantiality of the portion dealt with in relation to whole work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the effect on the potential market value of the work </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments <ul><li>Fair Dealing prescribed in HKCO in the 2007 amendment ultimately depends on the interpretation of the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines developed by a group of users and copyright owners under the coordination of Intellectual Property Department </li></ul><ul><li>Updated 2004 </li></ul>
  • 8. Guidelines (Cont.) <ul><li>Articles in newspapers or periodicals - a complete article of any length </li></ul><ul><li>Poems - not more than 250 words </li></ul><ul><li>Stories or essays - not more than 2,500 words </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook - not more than 2% of the number of pages of a textbook in one month, not more than 5% in an academic year </li></ul><ul><li>For articles in periodicals, poems, stories or essays - not more than 3 works from the same author for one course in an academic year </li></ul>
  • 9. Copyright Clearance <ul><li>Use beyond Fair Dealing – Clearance Required </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Reprographic Rights Licensing Society (HKRRLS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Copyright Licensing Association (HKCLA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composers and Authors Society of Hong Kong (CASH) </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. CC Video
  • 11. balance All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved © Creative Commons
  • 12. Copyright Limitation on Creativity To stimulate more Creativity
  • 13. Copyright &quot;Copyright Clause&quot; in US Constitution, 1787 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
  • 14. Copyright 1710 Statute of Anna 14+14 yr to 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (Mickey Mouse Protection Act) 95 yr
  • 15. Prof. Lawrence Lessig
  • 16. Lessig Raised in a Republican Family Turn Democrat with Outside Exposure
  • 17. Eldred A Passionate father who wished to encourage reading by putting Classics on the Web Mickey Mouse Protection Act was a show stopper Became a Test Case
  • 18. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences (Six Contracts)
  • 19. purpose
  • 20. licence elements: Attribution 署名 Non-Commercial 非商業性 No Derivative Works 禁止衍生 Share Alike 相同方式共享
  • 21. the licences Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike (by-nc-sa) Attribution Non-commercial (by-nc) Attribution No Derivatives (by-nd) Attribution Share Alike (by-sa) Attribution (by) 6 variations
  • 22. 授權條款 署名 非商業性 禁止衍生 (by-nc-nd) 署名 非商業性 相同方式共享 (by-nc-sa) 署名 非商業性 (by-nc) 署名 禁止衍生 (by-nd) 署名 相同方式共享 (by-sa) 署名 (by) 6 個不同條款
  • 23. three expressions: Human-Readable: Commons Deed Lawyer-Readable: Legal Code Machine-Readable: Digital Code, Metadata
  • 24. Common Deed 法律條款的摘要
  • 25. Legal Code 授權條款全文
  • 26. Digital Code 數碼源碼 <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/&quot;><img alt=&quot;Creative Commons License&quot; style=&quot;border-width:0&quot; src=&quot;http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/88x31.png&quot; /></a><br />本 著作 係採用<a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/hk/&quot;>共享創意 署名-非商業性-相同方式共享 3.0 香港 授權條款</a>授權.
  • 27. History of Creative Commons 2001 Kick-Off 2002 Six Licences 2004 台灣創用 CC 2006 中国大陆知识共享 2008 香港共享創意
  • 28. It all began when the Journalism and Media Studies Centre was willing to take the lead
  • 29. The first informal meeting was held on 30 July 2007 when Dr. Catharina Maracke, Director of CC International, was in Hong Kong
  • 30. Localization of Licences The Legal Lead completed Two rounds public consultations CCi approved the localization of six CC licences
  • 31. Community Outreach CC presentations at different occasions Production of CC Education Kit with interviews from renowned artist, composer, writer and IT expert
  • 32. Pre-Launch Event &quot;Free Culture and Free Society: Can the West Love Both?&quot; The Inaugural Lee Shu Pui Leung Wai Hing Distinguished Lecture in Digital Media A lecture hosted by JMSC, HKU held on 24 Oct. with Lessig giving a lecture to the general public
  • 33.  
  • 34. Launch on 25 Oct ! ! HKICC Lee Shau Kee School of Creativity
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38. Media Coverage More than 20 Articles in various Newspapers Several Radio interviews Lessig's interview was broadcast on TV
  • 39. Highlights of Adoption OpenRadio MySinaBlog Kwun Tong Culture and Histories RTHK
  • 40. OpenRadio
  • 41. MySinaBlog
  • 42. Kwun Tong Culture and Histories
  • 43. RTHK Video
  • 44. Queensland Example
  • 45. Dual-Licensing <ul><li>The author still own the copyright even after licensed under a CC licence </li></ul><ul><li>Can negotiate other terms with any parties </li></ul><ul><li>Successful example: Magnatune http:/ /magnatune .com/ </li></ul>
  • 46. Local Adoption Language Type Usage: 30 Apr Usage: 13 Aug % Chg English by 13,620 15,479 13.65% English by-nc 40,259 42,628 5.88% English by-nc-nd 72,466 87,679 20.99% English by-nc-sa 70,488 81,117 15.08% English by-nd 11,053 14,259 29.01% English by-sa 7,927 10,739 35.47% Chinese by 71 73 2.82% Chinese by-nc 2,834 3,635 28.26% Chinese by-nc-nd 1,488 1,952 31.18% Chinese by-nc-sa 1,393 2,920 109.62% Chinese by-nd 91 143 57.14% Chinese by-sa 98 93 -5.10%   Total 221,788 260,717 17.55%
  • 47. Growth of CC Works Worldwide
  • 48. Search CC Licensed Works http://hk.creativecommons.org/
  • 49. Search CC Licensed Works http://search.creativecommons.org/
  • 50. License Your Works in CC http://hk.creativecommons.org/
  • 51. Problems <ul><li>Practical – InMediaHK </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical – What is the Commons? </li></ul>
  • 52. InMediaHK
  • 53. Philosophical – What is the Commons? <ul><li>Compatibility between Licences - Commons without Commonality </li></ul><ul><li>Problems highlighted in Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul>
  • 54. Conclusion <ul><li>The current copyright system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over-developed and Complicated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probably biased towards the Establishment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify the System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the Respect of Copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage Creativity </li></ul></ul>
  • 55. Image Credits OpenRadio Screen Capture, from http://openradiohk.com/, released under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative 3.0 HK Licence MySinaBlog Screen Capture from http://mysinablog.com/, used by permission
  • 56. Image Credits Kwun Tong Culture and Histories Screen Capture, from http://www.kwuntongculture.hk/, permission through fair dealing
  • 57. Hong Kong Copyright Ordinance, from http://www.hklii.org/hk/legis/en/ord/528/ Director of Intellectual Property (2004) Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works by Not-for-profit Educational Establishments, from http://www.ipd.gov.hk/eng/intellectual_property/copyright/workshop/clarifying/Eng_guidelines_2_Aug_04.pdf Other Credits
  • 58. Rebecca McKinnon (2008). Creative Commons: Copyright in the digital age for Greater China and Hong Kong, from http://www.slideshare.net/rmackinnon/cc-hku-129484, released under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Unported Licence Other Credits
  • 59. Queensland Spatial Information Council, 2008, Presentation - CC Tech Summit Government Information Licensing Framework - a multidisciplinary project improving access to Public Sector Information, Queensland Government, Brisbane http://www.gilf.gov.au/files/file/Resources/CC_Tech_Presentation.pdf Other Credits

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