Copyright in a Digital World<br />A discussion of Creative Commons<br />By Dawn Lowe-Wincentsen<br />
What copyright was<br />Article 1, Section 8 of the US constitution says, <br />“To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.”<br />This is the basis of modern copyright, patent, and intellectual property principals and law.<br />
Copyright gives the holder the right to:<br />To reproduce the work in copies or phonorecords;<br />To prepare derivative works based upon the work;<br />To distribute copies or phonorecords of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending;<br />To perform the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and motion pictures and other audiovisual works;<br />To display the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, including the individual images of a motion picture or other audiovisual work<br />In the case of sound recordings, to perform the work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.<br />
How does this relate to works in a digital and collaborative world?<br />
What is a Creative Commons?<br />“Creative Commons is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright.”<br />
Different CC Licenses Available<br />Attribution: Lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. <br />Attribution Share Alike: Lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial reasons, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.<br />Attribution No Derivatives: Allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.<br />Non commercial versions of all above<br />
Getting a Creative Commons License<br />Fill out this worksheet to determine type and receive html code to publish with the work http://creativecommons.org/choose/<br />Some collaborative sites offer creative commons options to their users, such as http://www.flickr.com/<br />
Places to find CC copyrighted works<br />Open Clip art Library: http://openclipart.org/<br />Flickr: http://www.flickr.com<br />Google books: http://books.google.com/<br />Public Library of Science: http://www.plos.org/<br />MIT Open Courseware: http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/home/home/index.htm<br />Whitehouse.gov: http://www.whitehouse.gov/<br />
Search for others<br />Creative commons search: http://search.creativecommons.org/<br />CC Case studies: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Case_Studies<br />Googleand Google images http://www.google.com and http://images.google.com<br />
The Science Commons<br />http://sciencecommons.org<br />“Science Commons has three interlocking initiatives designed to accelerate the research cycle — the continuous production and reuse of knowledge that is at the heart of the scientific method. Together, they form the building blocks of a new collaborative infrastructure to make scientific discovery easier by design.”<br />
Bibliography<br />Creative Commons. (2002). . Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://creativecommons.org/.<br />Peter Kershaw. (2003). Copyrights and their origin. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://hushmoney.org/copyright.htm.<br />Science Commons. (2005). Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://sciencecommons.org/.<br />US Copyright Office. (2008). Copyright Basics (p. 12). Government, . Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.pdf.<br />
This work is provided as a licensed work. <br />This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.<br />This is available on the OIT libraries website http://www.oit.edu/libraries and through the OIT Libraries slide share account http://www.slideshare.net/oitreference<br />Please refer questions to Dawn Lowe-Wincentsen <br />firstname.lastname@example.org or 503.821.1258<br />
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