Learning about Nutrition (Carla - guest speaker)

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  • Learning about Nutrition (Carla - guest speaker)

    1. 2. <ul><li>All about the study of food and how our bodies use food as fuel for growth and daily activities. </li></ul>
    2. 3. <ul><li>The macronutrients, or &quot;big&quot; nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. The micronutrients, or &quot;little&quot; nutrients are the vitamins and minerals that we need to be healthy. </li></ul>
    3. 5. <ul><li>Includes sugar , starch , and fiber . </li></ul><ul><li>Sugars and starches are needed for the energy that your body needs to function. </li></ul><ul><li>Extra carbohydrates are converted to fat. </li></ul>
    4. 6. <ul><li>Necessary for building the tissues in your body including all of the muscles, organs, skin and the parts of the immune system. </li></ul><ul><li>Your body can use extra protein for energy or can convert it to fat. </li></ul>
    5. 7. <ul><li>Needed for the membranes that surround all the cells in your body, for normal brain and nerve function and for signalling hormones. </li></ul><ul><li>Just like protein, the extra fat can be used as fuel for the body or can be stored as fat. </li></ul>
    6. 9. <ul><li>12 vitamins and 13 minerals that we need every day </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins are grouped as water-soluble or fat-soluble depending on whether they can dissolve in fat or water. </li></ul>
    7. 10. <ul><li>Major minerals include calcium, phosphorus, chloride, magnesium, potassium and sodium. </li></ul><ul><li>These minerals are particularly important for healthy bones, teeth, muscles and fluid balance in the body </li></ul>
    8. 11. <ul><li>The trace minerals are chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, selenium and zinc. </li></ul><ul><li>Your body needs all of these minerals for a variety of processes to keep it working. </li></ul>
    9. 13. <ul><li>&quot;Phyto&quot; refers to plants. Many different phytonutrients are found only in plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these natural chemicals are found in the colorful skins and flesh of fruits and vegetables. </li></ul>
    10. 14. <ul><li>Phytonutrients have a variety of functions in the body. Some of them may function as antioxidants that protect the cells in our bodies from free radical damage . </li></ul>
    11. 15. <ul><li>We don't know exactly how many of these different phytonutrients we need, however a healthy diet including at least five servings of fruits and colorful vegetables every day will supply your body with lots of phytonutrients. </li></ul>
    12. 16. “ When taken in correct amounts and regularly, vitamins are responsible for good health and vitality, energy, growth, and longevity.”
    13. 17. <ul><li>Provides the required stimulation for vision in the retina </li></ul><ul><li>Also required for growth, reproduction, and the maintenance of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents and clears up infection of the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents premature ageing and senility </li></ul>
    14. 19. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (Niacin) Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Vitamin B8 (Biotin) Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid) Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) Choline Inositol
    15. 20. <ul><li>Plays an important role in the normal functioning of the entire nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes growth, protects heart muscle, and stimulates brain action. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces fatigue, increases stamina </li></ul><ul><li>Increases mental alertness </li></ul>
    16. 22. <ul><li>Promotes a healthy skin, nails, and hair </li></ul><ul><li>Alleviates eye strain </li></ul><ul><li>Helps preserve the appearance and feeling of youth </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents constipation </li></ul>
    17. 24. <ul><li>Important for proper blood circulation </li></ul><ul><li>Dilates the blood vessels and increases the flow of blood to the capillary system </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains healthy skin </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in heart-related disorders, high blood pressure, and high blood cholesterol </li></ul>
    18. 26. <ul><li>Involved in all the vital functions of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily used as an anti-stress factor and protects against most physical and mental stresses and toxins </li></ul><ul><li>Wards off infection </li></ul><ul><li>Speeds recovery from ill health </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-grey hair vitamin </li></ul>
    19. 27. <ul><li>Organ meats </li></ul><ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Avocados </li></ul><ul><li>Broccoli </li></ul><ul><li>Whole grains </li></ul>
    20. 28. <ul><li>Prevents nervous and skin disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Provides protection against high cholesterol levels, heart disease, and diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents hemorrhoids </li></ul><ul><li>Essential for normal reproductive process and healthy pregnancies </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial in treating morning or travel sickness </li></ul>
    21. 30. <ul><li>Involved in metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats </li></ul><ul><li>Essential for the growth and health of the hair. Prevents premature greying of hair as well as hair loss. </li></ul>
    22. 31. <ul><li>Widespread in food </li></ul><ul><li>Organ meats </li></ul><ul><li>Egg yolks </li></ul><ul><li>Soybeans </li></ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul><ul><li>Whole grains </li></ul><ul><li>Also produced by GI bacteria </li></ul>
    23. 32. <ul><li>Necessary for growth and division of all body cells </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in building antibodies, which prevent and heal infections </li></ul><ul><li>Essential in health of skin and hair. Prevents premature greying of the hair </li></ul><ul><li>Singlemost important nutrient for a pregnant woman and her fetus </li></ul><ul><li>Improves lactation </li></ul>
    24. 34. <ul><li>Essential for the regeneration of red blood cells </li></ul><ul><li>Improves concentration, memory, and balance </li></ul><ul><li>Relieves irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes growth and increases appetite in children </li></ul>
    25. 35. <ul><li>Animal products (meat, fish, poultry, shellfish, milk, cheese, eggs) </li></ul><ul><li>Fortified cereals </li></ul>
    26. 36. <ul><li>Prevents accumulation of fats in the liver </li></ul><ul><li>Aids in memory </li></ul><ul><li>May help in treating nephritis, liver damage, high blood pressure, and heart disease </li></ul>
    27. 37. <ul><li>Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Liver </li></ul><ul><li>Egg </li></ul><ul><li>Peanuts </li></ul>
    28. 38. <ul><li>Promotes the growth of healthy hair and helps to prevent its falling </li></ul><ul><li>Lowers cholesterol levels as well </li></ul>
    29. 39. <ul><li>Widespread in foods </li></ul>
    30. 40. <ul><li>Needed for buoyant health, vitality, and endurance </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures clear skin, fresh complexion, and healthy gums and teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes healing and protects against all forms of stress </li></ul><ul><li>Protects against effects of toxic chemicals in the environment, food, and water and counteracts the toxic effect of drugs </li></ul>
    31. 42. <ul><li>For the healthy functioning of the parathyroid glands (Calcium levels) </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of dental caries </li></ul>
    32. 43. <ul><li>Sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Fortified milk, margarine, butter, cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Veal, beef </li></ul><ul><li>Egg yolks </li></ul><ul><li>Liver </li></ul><ul><li>Fatty fish (Salmon and sardines) </li></ul>
    33. 44. <ul><li>Protects the functioning of cells and the intracellular processes </li></ul><ul><li>Essential for normal reproductive functions, fertility, and vigour </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolves blood colts and also prevents their formation </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents formation of excessive scar tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes urine secretion </li></ul>
    34. 45. <ul><li>Prevention of heart disease, asthma and arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial in treating dysmenorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial during menopause. Relieves hot flushes, mental tension, sleeplessness, and other symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>May be used in the treatment of varicose veins </li></ul>
    35. 46. <ul><li>Plant oils (margarine, salad dressings) </li></ul><ul><li>Leafy green vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Whole grains </li></ul><ul><li>Liver </li></ul><ul><li>Egg yolks </li></ul><ul><li>Nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul>
    36. 47. <ul><li>Prevents internal bleeding and hemorrhages </li></ul><ul><li>Important for normal functioning of the liver </li></ul>
    37. 48. <ul><li>Bacterial synthesis in the GI </li></ul><ul><li>Liver </li></ul><ul><li>Green vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Cabbage-type vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Milk </li></ul>
    38. 49. Carla Ysabella L. Bonifacio November 9, 2008

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