Causes Of The Civil War

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Causes Of The Civil War

  1. 1. Causes of the Civil War Slavery Fuels the Fire Ms. Mohamed
  2. 2. Warm-Up 3/8 <ul><li>Come in, sit down QUIETLY and set-up! </li></ul><ul><li>Use p. 477 in the RED BOOK to answer these questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1) In 1819, the U.S. was made up of ____ free states and ____ slave states. </li></ul><ul><li>2) What is a “free state”? </li></ul><ul><li>3) What is a “slave state”? </li></ul><ul><li>4) Do you think states should decide to be free or slave? </li></ul><ul><li>Write the questions AND answers! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Warm-Up 3/8 <ul><li>1) In 1819, the U.S. was made up of 11 free states and 11 slave states. </li></ul><ul><li>2) What is a “free state”? </li></ul><ul><li>- A free state is a state where slavery was NOT allowed </li></ul><ul><li>3) What is a “slave state”? </li></ul><ul><li>- A slave state is a state where slavery WAS allowed </li></ul><ul><li>4) Do you think states should decide to be free or slave? </li></ul><ul><li>- People who believed in states’ rights believed states should decide about slavery </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of the Civil War Objective: We will understand the importance of the Missouri Compromise
  5. 5. Free vs. Slave States- 1819 Free States Slave States <ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Missouri Problem <ul><li>Problem : In 1819, there were 11 slave states and 11 free states. Missouri wanted to become a new state in the Union. Should Missouri be a slave state or free state? </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Missouri Problem <ul><li>Do you think Missouri should be free because slavery was unfair?... </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Missouri Problem <ul><li>What if the people of Missouri wanted slavery? Doesn’t majority rule? </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Missouri Problem <ul><li>What if the people of Missouri have big plantations and they say they need slaves to work? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Meet Senator John C. Calhoun <ul><li>Government leader from the state of South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in state’s rights , believed Missouri should decide whether to be slave or free </li></ul><ul><li>Really wanted Missouri to be a slave state </li></ul>Missouri should decide for itself whether to be slave or free! I know it will pick slavery  Slave
  11. 11. Meet Senator Henry Clay <ul><li>Government leader from the state of Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>AKA (also known as) “The Great Compromiser” </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in compromise , or making deals & agreements </li></ul>Hey guys…let’s make a deal, or shall I say, a compromise ! Missouri can be slave and Maine will be free! Slave Free
  12. 12. Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Missouri will be a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>Maine will be a free state </li></ul><ul><li>Any states in the Louisiana Territory NORTH of the Missouri Compromise Line will be FREE </li></ul><ul><li>Any states in the Louisiana Territory SOUTH of the Missouri Compromise Line will be SLAVE </li></ul>In fact, let us settle this slave vs. free state issue for good! Here is a compromise….
  13. 13. Missouri Compromise- Label Your Map!
  14. 14. Missouri Compromise In fact, let us settle this slave vs. free state issue for good! Here is a compromise…. Missouri Compromise Line
  15. 15. Free vs. Slave States- 1820 Free States Slave States <ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Maine (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Political Cartoon : a cartoon that says an opinion about a government issue
  17. 17. Missouri Compromise- Political Cartoon Missouri should decide for itself whether to be slave or free! I know it will pick slavery  I think Missouri should be slave, but Maine should be free and we will draw a line for other states John C Calhoun- states’ rights Henry Clay- “The Great Compromiser”
  18. 18. Warm-Up 3/10 <ul><li>Come in, sit down QUIETLY and set-up! </li></ul><ul><li>Use p. 478 in the RED BOOK to answer these questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1) In 1849, the U.S. was made up of ____ free states and ____ slave states. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Why was adding a new state a problem? </li></ul><ul><li>3) What is the Fugitive Slave Law? </li></ul><ul><li>Write the questions AND answers! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Warm-Up 3/10 <ul><li>1) In 1849, the U.S. was made up of 15 free states and 15 slave states. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Why was adding a new state a problem? </li></ul><ul><li>- Adding a new state would upset the balance of power between slave states and free states </li></ul><ul><li>3) What is the Fugitive Slave Law? </li></ul><ul><li>- The Fugitive Slave Law said the escaped slaves had to be returned to their owners </li></ul>
  20. 20. Causes of the Civil War Objective: We will understand the importance of the Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law
  21. 21. Free vs. Slave States- 1849 Free States Slave States <ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Maine (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>Iowa </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul><ul><li>Arkansas </li></ul><ul><li>Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Texas </li></ul>
  22. 22. Another Problem! <ul><li>Problem : In 1849, there were 15 slave states and 15 free states. California wanted to become a new state in the Union. Should California be a slave state or free state? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Senator John C. Calhoun <ul><li>What do you think he wanted California to be?? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Senator John C. Calhoun California should be a slave state! Slave
  25. 25. Senator Henry Clay What do you think he wanted California to be??
  26. 26. Senator Henry Clay California should be a slave state! Free Let’s compromise! California will be a free state, but the North must pass the Fugitive Slave Law
  27. 27. Compromise of 1850 Free
  28. 28. Senator Henry Clay California should be a slave state! Let’s compromise! California will be a free state, but the North must pass the Fugitive Slave Law
  29. 29. Compromise of 1850 California should be a slave state! Let’s compromise! California will be a free state, but the North must pass the Fugitive Slave Law
  30. 30. A Fugitive Slave means a Runaway Slave
  31. 31. Harriet Beecher Stowe- Uncle Tom’s Cabin <ul><li>Result: Harriet Beecher Stowe, who was an abolitionist, wrote a book called Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852 to speak against the Fugitive Slave Law. </li></ul><ul><li>The book showed the horrible conditions of slavery and increased northern protest against the Fugitive Slave Act. </li></ul>ABOLITIONIST = a person who was against slavery
  32. 32. A Fugitive Slave means a Runaway Slave
  33. 34. Free vs. Slave States- 1850 Free States Slave States <ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Maine (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>Iowa </li></ul><ul><li>California ( Compromise of 1850) </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul><ul><li>Arkansas </li></ul><ul><li>Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Texas </li></ul>
  34. 35. Warm-Up 3/22 <ul><li>Come in, sit down QUIETLY and set-up! </li></ul><ul><li>LOOK AT THE MAP on p. 479 in the RED BOOK to answer these questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Are the states in GREEN free or slave? </li></ul><ul><li>2) Are the states in ORANGE free or slave? </li></ul><ul><li>3) What does the PURPLE stand for? </li></ul><ul><li> Write the questions AND answers! </li></ul>
  35. 36. Warm-Up 3/22 <ul><li>1) Are the states in GREEN free or slave? </li></ul><ul><li>- Free </li></ul><ul><li>2) Are the states in ORANGE free or slave? </li></ul><ul><li>- Slave </li></ul><ul><li>3) What does the PURPLE stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>- Territories that can decide for themselves whether to be free or slave </li></ul>
  36. 37. Causes of the Civil War Objective: We will understand the importance of “Bleeding Kansas”
  37. 38. Free vs. Slave States- 1850 Free States Slave States <ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Maine (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>Iowa </li></ul><ul><li>California ( Compromise of 1850) </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri (Missouri Compromise, 1820) </li></ul><ul><li>Arkansas </li></ul><ul><li>Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Texas </li></ul>
  38. 39. Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 said the people of Kansas and Nebraska would decide whether the states will be free or slave … </li></ul>
  39. 40. Kansas-Nebraska Act: what do you think happened?? states vote on slavery
  40. 41. Bleeding Kansas <ul><li>Result: Instead of solving the slavery problem, the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 made people race to these states and fight over voting. This became known as Bleeding Kansas. </li></ul>
  41. 42. Bleeding Kansas <ul><li>This became known as Bleeding Kansas… </li></ul>
  42. 43. Warm-Up 3/23 <ul><li>Come in, sit down QUIETLY and set-up! </li></ul><ul><li>Use YOUR NOTEBOOK to answer these questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Was Texas a free state or a slave state in the 1800s? </li></ul><ul><li>2) What was the Fugitive Slave Law? </li></ul><ul><li>3) Why was the Kansas-Nebraska Act not a good law? What did it lead to? </li></ul><ul><li> Write the questions AND answers! </li></ul>
  43. 44. Warm-Up 3/23 <ul><li>1) Was Texas a free state or a slave state in the 1800s? </li></ul><ul><li>- A slave state </li></ul><ul><li>2) What was the Fugitive Slave Law? </li></ul><ul><li>- A law that said Northerners must return runaway slaves to their owners </li></ul><ul><li>3) Why was the Kansas-Nebraska Act not a good law? What did it lead to? </li></ul><ul><li>- It led to “Bleeding Kansas” (a fight between the abolitionists and slave owners) </li></ul>
  44. 45. Do you have all the causes? <ul><li>NOW is the time to check your work!! Make sure your guided notes are complete. We will have a quiz on these notes! </li></ul>
  45. 46. Civil War: The Big Picture… Causes of Civil War Effect or Result <ul><li>The Industrial North states & the Agricultural South states are different </li></ul><ul><li>The North does not need slaves for its economy , the South needs slaves </li></ul><ul><li>The North & South DO NOT agree on slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Every time a new state wants to join the United States, the North and South fight over whether it will be a slave state or free state ! </li></ul>Civil War begins!
  46. 47. Causes of the Civil War Objective: We will understand & retell the contributions of abolitionists to fighting slavery
  47. 48. Warm-Up 3/24 <ul><li>Abolitionist </li></ul>A person who wanted to abolish, or end, slavery Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist because she helped lead slaves to freedom.
  48. 49. Abolitionist – Now Your Try! <ul><li>Abolitionist </li></ul>What is your definition? What is your sentence?
  49. 50. Imagine being told that you had no rights because of your skin color . Imagine if you were told you were not a citizen of your country, even though you worked every day to help your country… That is what Dred Scott was told. Another Abolitionist…
  50. 51. Dred Scott Decision- 1857 <ul><li>Dred Scott sued for his freedom after his owner died. </li></ul><ul><li>Scott’s argument was that because his owner had taken him North into free territory for four years, he therefore was freed. </li></ul>Result: in the Dred Scott Decision, the Supreme Court decided against Scott (a slave), saying that slaves had no rights because they were not citizens of the U.S.
  51. 52. You will create SEVEN Abolitionist Collectable Cards. It is your job to discover the stories of these brave abolitionists…See Abolitionist Collectable Card packet for instructions… Abolitionist Collectable Cards

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