Contrast increases understanding.Making elements differentRepetitionRepeat visual elements to create strong unity.AlignmentNothing should be placed arbitrarily. Placement illustratesrelationships between elements.ProximityRelated items should be placed together.
Coherence in a Paragraph Stick to the point: The ideas have a clear and logical relation to each¨ other. Put details or examples or incidents in logical¨ order. chronological in relation to each other in order of importance
Ensure your paragraphs are coherent. stick toPut details t he point in logical order: Considera. chronology hierarchyb. relationshipc. importance
#5: DO NOT...FORGET TO HELPYOUR AUDIENCE SEEWHAT YOU ARE SAYING
Symbols are used in conjunction with the other elements of short stories… Symbolic settings › call attention to theme › Reveal the personality of the characters › Create unity › Consider Oates’s use of the suburbia in “Where Are You Going…”. How does the setting affect how the characters are developed/how they interact?
Symbolic setting:Story themesCharacter personalitiesUniﬁed style and plot
Oates’ Setting--1960s suburbia Image: x-ray delta one
#6: DO NOT...MAKE VISUALSSECONDARY Image: Gianmaria
Character Development and Analysis} Theway a character is developed in a story is what often times makes ﬁction so enjoyable. Readers can identify with characters and can associate with their own personal struggles. Even in extraordinary circumstances, characters will act and react in generally traditional human ways. If we are able to relate to a character in some way, then the author has done his or her job.
Common Problems Aren’t gnomes neat! This picture has no space for text, but it’s really neat and I have lots to say and put on the slide, so I don’t really care if there isn’t enough space. Gnomes rule! Background and content competing
#7: DO NOT...CROWD YOUR SLIDES Image:Alex Kess
Rising Action and One could argue that the entirety of Books/Films I and II (The Fellowship, The Two Towers) is all rising action and false summits. False Summits Frodo does not confront his climax until Book/Film III.Once having traversed Gollum brings tensionthe threshold, the hero … between Sam and Frodomust survive a successionof trials. --CampbellFrodo Confronts theRingwraiths atWeathertop (fear) Gandalf is lost in Moria (grief) Faramir detains Frodo (hope in humanity is restored After a series of trials, Frodo and Sam move Frodo becomes the ring bearer towards Mount Doom (emotional exhaustion; (trepidation; uncertainty about the hopelessness) future)
Falling Action and Resolution In LOTR, the parallel story lines converge He [must] re-enter … where and the conflict of the story is resolved. At men who are fractions imagine the end of the story, Frodo’s emotional balance is restored, but he cannot return to themselves to be complete. -- the carefree hobbit of the beginning of the Campbell story and leaves Middle Earth for the Grey Havens. The Scouring of the Shire (Frodo’s final test)Rescued by the eagles (relief; a returnto certainty) Aragorn is King (happiness; jubilation) Frodo leaves Middle Earth
USE EMPTY SPACE TOPROVIDE VISUALBREATHINGROOMImage:NazliG.
#8: DO NOT... CREATE dissonanceImage: x-ray delta one
Climax: Frodo Destroys the Ring The Climax of LOTR comes with the destruction of the Ring. In the text, Frodo is not directly involved in the destruction of the ring. Gollum’s joy at retrieving his “precious” is what begins the resolution of the plot. This resolution is not entirely positiveThe hero-quest requires that the hero for Frodo, as he has to struggle withreturn. The responsibility has been being corrupted by the Ring.frequently refused.--Joseph Campbell
Contrast: Understanding through differencesize shape shade color proximity
STRONG CONTRAST MEANSImage: oliverchesler LOW NOISE HIGH SIGNAL
#10: DO NOT...FORGETAN EXTRA SLIDECOSTS NOTHING
¡ P – Purpose – Why am I wri)ng? § Informa)on? Persuasion? Personal? Entertainment? etc.¡ A-‐Audience – Who am I wri)ng to? § Rela)onship to writer, age, )tle, beliefs/preconceived ideas, needs, knowledge/educa)onal level, etc.¡ S-‐Subject – What am I wri)ng about? § Topic, content, what to include/leave out¡ S-‐Self – How do I want to portray myself to my reader? § Tone – not what you say, but how you say it.¡ S-‐Special Requirements – How should my paper “look”? What limits do I have? § Format, length, )me/due date, etc.
H TDO... C E A G D T D E E e r” nt D N K e r es P A A k ed Na he N T s ,“ o ld e yn r rR a --G www.desktopography.net www.thisiscross.com
PurposeWhy am I writing? Consider necessity. Why is this an issue worth discussing?
Target AudienceFor whom am I writing? Consider: Relationship to writer, demographics, beliefs, needs, etc.
SubjectWhat am I writing about? topic content what to include/exclude