Miami University Stakeholders  May 2, 2011 Chris Bennett Klefeker Miami University Hamilton Campus Lisa Phillips Otterbein...
Purpose of Ohio Reach <ul><li>To address  recruitment  and  retention  of emancipated foster youth in Ohio’s higher educat...
Former Foster Youth as  College Students <ul><li>Compared to students of other types, foster youth who enter postsecondary...
Undergraduates from Foster Care are More Racially and Ethnically Diverse Than Non-Foster Students Source: 2004 National Po...
Foster Youth and College Retention <ul><li>75% of foster youth express a desire to attend college. </li></ul><ul><li>Only ...
Barriers to College Retention <ul><li>On their own, without family support </li></ul><ul><li>Family issues (single parents...
    Foster youth   Non-foster youth Cost of Attendance: 4-Year Public $12,757 $12,295 4-Year Private $20,654 $22,177 2-Yea...
College Cost Reduction and Access Act <ul><li>Amended the FAFSA definition of an “independent student” by adding the follo...
ETV funds <ul><li>The ETV Program  is a federally-funded, state- administered program, that provides grants up to $5000 pe...
ETV Eligibility <ul><li>A current, or former foster youth  (18+)  who has been accepted into or enrolled in a degree, cert...
Education Training Voucher <ul><li>1. Financial Aid Release Form:  Student should take the ETV to the financial aid office...
OFA Scholars  and College Retention <ul><li>The Orphan Foundation of America also awards $1 million in private scholarship...
Keys to College Retention <ul><li>Knowledge of and access to available resources, both on and off campus </li></ul><ul><li...
Early academic challenges  faced by foster care youth <ul><li>Only 15% of foster care youth are enrolled in college prep c...
Role of Campus Liaison <ul><li>Why are Campus Liaisons a vital part of the  Ohio Reach  initiative to increase the number ...
Campus Liaison Qualifications <ul><li>Familiarity with the needs of foster youth </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness and ability...
Campus Liaison Responsibilities <ul><li>Post Ohio Reach Symbol in your office and add your Foster Care Liaison title to yo...
Campus Connections <ul><li>Supporting success for foster care youth in higher education requires  working collaboratively ...
Higher Ed and Child Welfare partnership opportunities <ul><li>Identifying current and potential students </li></ul><ul><li...
Zero Budget Model <ul><li>All three campuses of Miami University, along with the new VOA site, have named  Ohio Reach Liai...
<ul><li>The  Higher Education Mentoring Initiative (HEMI)  Program recruits, trains and supports mentors to establish posi...
Ohio University – Foster Care Task Force http://www.ohio.edu/univcollege/fostercare/
Wright State University – Changing Lives MarketingCampaign http://www.wright.edu/changinglives/ads.html
Western Michigan University – John Seita Scholars Program http://www.wmich.edu/fyit/scholarship.html
Ball State University – Guardian Scholars Program http://cms.bsu.edu/Academics/CentersandInstitutes/SSRC/GuardianScholars....
Identifying Students from Foster Care <ul><li>FAFSA data base queries (question #53) </li></ul><ul><li>Work w/ your area i...
Measuring Progress in Overcoming Barriers to College Retention <ul><li>Grades and GPA </li></ul><ul><li>Courses taken </li...
Challenges and Supports – What can we do to better serve these students? <ul><li>Identification/FAFSA </li></ul><ul><li>Pu...
Additional Free Resource  Supporting Success: Improving Higher Education Outcomes for Students from Foster Care (Version 2...
Sources Cited <ul><li>“ Helping former foster youth graduate from college: Campus support programs in California and Washi...
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Ohio Reach Campus Liaison Model

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  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Only 15% are enrolled in college prep courses in high school
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • The young person must be at least 18, but younger than 21 to apply for the first time.
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Lack of college readiness Lack of family support Lack knowledge of available resources Family issues (e.g. single parent, trying to support bio-parent or siblings) Housing challenges (e.g. holidays, summer break)
  • Lisa:
  • Lisa:
  • Ohio Reach Campus Liaison Model

    1. 1. Miami University Stakeholders May 2, 2011 Chris Bennett Klefeker Miami University Hamilton Campus Lisa Phillips Otterbein University
    2. 2. Purpose of Ohio Reach <ul><li>To address recruitment and retention of emancipated foster youth in Ohio’s higher education system </li></ul><ul><li>To establish foster care liaisons at Ohio universities and community colleges. </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    3. 3. Former Foster Youth as College Students <ul><li>Compared to students of other types, foster youth who enter postsecondary education: </li></ul><ul><li>attend the same types of institutions </li></ul><ul><li>attend similarly priced institutions </li></ul><ul><li>are as likely to enroll full-time </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    4. 4. Undergraduates from Foster Care are More Racially and Ethnically Diverse Than Non-Foster Students Source: 2004 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study. White, non-Hispanic Black or African American Hispanic or Latino Asian or Pacific Islander All Other Foster Youth 51% 25% 18% 2% 4% Non-Foster Youth 63% 14% 13% 5% 5%
    5. 5. Foster Youth and College Retention <ul><li>75% of foster youth express a desire to attend college. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 20% enroll in postsecondary education, as compared to a 60% of the general population . </li></ul><ul><li>67% of foster care youth who enter college drop out before graduation. </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 2% of former foster youth complete a bachelor’s degree, compared with 20% of the general population . </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    6. 6. Barriers to College Retention <ul><li>On their own, without family support </li></ul><ul><li>Family issues (single parents, trying to support siblings or bio-parent) </li></ul><ul><li>Often first-generation students </li></ul><ul><li>College unaware of their support needs </li></ul><ul><li>College and/or young person often unaware of available supports </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    7. 7. Foster youth Non-foster youth Cost of Attendance: 4-Year Public $12,757 $12,295 4-Year Private $20,654 $22,177 2-Year Public $6,470 $6,148 All Other $13,034 $14,392 Institutional Type: 4-Year Public 29 percent 30 percent 4-Year Private 11 percent 14 percent 2-Year Public 41 percent 40 percent All Other 19 percent 16 percent Enrollment Status: Full-time 61 percent 54 percent Part-time 38 percent 45 percent Foster Youth Who Enroll In College Are Just As Likely to Attend Four-Year Schools as Other Students; Their College Costs Are Also Nearly Identical
    8. 8. College Cost Reduction and Access Act <ul><li>Amended the FAFSA definition of an “independent student” by adding the following three categories:* </li></ul><ul><li>Student who is an orphan, in foster care, or a ward of the court, at any time when the student was 13 years of age or older </li></ul><ul><li>Student who is an emancipated minor or is in legal guardianship as determined by the court in their state of legal residence </li></ul><ul><li>Applicant is verified as an unaccompanied youth who is homeless or at risk of homelessness and self-supporting </li></ul><ul><li>*The young person only needs to fit into one of the above categories in order to be eligible to claim independent status. The act does not specify the length of time spent in foster care or the reason for exiting foster care. </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    9. 9. ETV funds <ul><li>The ETV Program is a federally-funded, state- administered program, that provides grants up to $5000 per year to help former foster youth attend college and vocational training institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Funds can be used for: Tuition, books, computers, school supplies, living expenses at college, vocational or technical training programs. </li></ul><ul><li>To learn more: ohio@statevoucher.org </li></ul><ul><li>1-800-585-7115 </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    10. 10. ETV Eligibility <ul><li>A current, or former foster youth (18+) who has been accepted into or enrolled in a degree, certificate or other accredited program at a college, university, technical or vocational school. </li></ul><ul><li>They must fall into one of these three categories: </li></ul><ul><li>a.) Was in foster care on their 18th birthday and aged out at that time OR </li></ul><ul><li>b.) Was adopted from foster care after his/her 16 th birthday OR </li></ul><ul><li>c.) Will emancipate from foster care between ages 18-21 </li></ul><ul><li>To remain eligible for ETV funding, students must show progress toward a degree or certificate. </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    11. 11. Education Training Voucher <ul><li>1. Financial Aid Release Form: Student should take the ETV to the financial aid office, where it is completed and faxed to OH ETV. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cashier’s Statement: Student should take the ETV to the cashier/bursar’s office, where it is completed and faxed along with dated copy of the student’s ITEMIZED BILL for that term. </li></ul><ul><li>Students cannot be funded without completed ETV forms and a current school bill. </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    12. 12. OFA Scholars and College Retention <ul><li>The Orphan Foundation of America also awards $1 million in private scholarships to some 400 young people annually. </li></ul><ul><li>In the last 10 years, retention rate for OFA scholars is 75% and graduation rate is 60% - significantly higher than what current research has found among other youth and alumni of foster care. </li></ul><ul><li>For more information: http://orphan.org/what-we-do/scholarships-and-grants/ </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    13. 13. Keys to College Retention <ul><li>Knowledge of and access to available resources, both on and off campus </li></ul><ul><li>This could include: </li></ul><ul><li>Tutoring </li></ul><ul><li>Housing during breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Support systems </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    14. 14. Early academic challenges faced by foster care youth <ul><li>Only 15% of foster care youth are enrolled in college prep courses in high school. </li></ul><ul><li>Foster care youth attend five high schools on average </li></ul><ul><li>With each transfer, lose 4-6 months of academic progress </li></ul><ul><li>65% change schools in the middle of the year </li></ul><ul><li>Higher rates of absenteeism, grade retention, special education, dropping out before graduation </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    15. 15. Role of Campus Liaison <ul><li>Why are Campus Liaisons a vital part of the Ohio Reach initiative to increase the number of foster care youth who enroll in higher education? </li></ul><ul><li>A full-time designated point person is vital for the success of foster youth at the university. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Youth from care need a caring trusted staff person who has primary responsibility to identify them and consistently provide guidance in navigating higher education .” </li></ul><ul><li>* Appendix B : Supporting Success: Improving Higher Education Outcomes for Youth from Foster Care. </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    16. 16. Campus Liaison Qualifications <ul><li>Familiarity with the needs of foster youth </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness and ability to advocate for support throughout the university community </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of available resources available within the university and ability to network effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Listening skills and availability to interact with students </li></ul><ul><li>* Research Brief : Building a Campus Support Network For Students Emerging from Foster Care, Education Advisory Board, Washington DC, June 10, 2009 </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    17. 17. Campus Liaison Responsibilities <ul><li>Post Ohio Reach Symbol in your office and add your Foster Care Liaison title to your business cards </li></ul><ul><li>Work with child welfare partners to recruit foster youth to apply to the program and identify college students with foster care backgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>Provide support and assisting students on a day-to-day basis </li></ul><ul><li>Train campus staff about issues challenging foster youth on campus and over school breaks and vacations. </li></ul><ul><li>* Research Brief : Building a Campus Support Network For Students Emerging from Foster Care, Education Advisory Board, Washington DC, June 10, 2009 </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    18. 18. Campus Connections <ul><li>Supporting success for foster care youth in higher education requires working collaboratively within the university structure : </li></ul><ul><li>Registrar </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Advising </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling Center </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Center </li></ul><ul><li>* Research Brief : Building a Campus Support Network For Students Emerging from Foster Care, Education Advisory Board, Washington DC, June 10, 2009 </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    19. 19. Higher Ed and Child Welfare partnership opportunities <ul><li>Identifying current and potential students </li></ul><ul><li>Raising awareness of community resources for ALL students (i.e. housing, medical, food, transportation, child care, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Forging relationships with people who have a history with your student and are familiar with his or her situation </li></ul>
    20. 20. Zero Budget Model <ul><li>All three campuses of Miami University, along with the new VOA site, have named Ohio Reach Liaisons. </li></ul><ul><li>Each liaison is linked with a different student support office: advising, learning assistance, transition/retention. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.regionals.muohio.edu/fostercare/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.units.muohio.edu/advising/Foster%20Youth/FYAIndex.html </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>The Higher Education Mentoring Initiative (HEMI) Program recruits, trains and supports mentors to establish positive long-term relationships with foster care youth. </li></ul><ul><li>HEMI mentors assist, encourage and support student academic achievement through high school and provide a direct pathway to higher education. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Ohio University – Foster Care Task Force http://www.ohio.edu/univcollege/fostercare/
    23. 23. Wright State University – Changing Lives MarketingCampaign http://www.wright.edu/changinglives/ads.html
    24. 24. Western Michigan University – John Seita Scholars Program http://www.wmich.edu/fyit/scholarship.html
    25. 25. Ball State University – Guardian Scholars Program http://cms.bsu.edu/Academics/CentersandInstitutes/SSRC/GuardianScholars.aspx
    26. 26. Identifying Students from Foster Care <ul><li>FAFSA data base queries (question #53) </li></ul><ul><li>Work w/ your area independent living, child welfare/social workers, and agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Brochures, posters, media spots </li></ul><ul><li>Websites – both college, social services, and youth </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.regionals.muohio.edu/fostercare/ </li></ul><ul><li>Foster care status question on applications & “sign in” forms </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach to area high school counselors </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Ohio Reach Symbol in your office and your Foster Care Liaison title on your business cards </li></ul><ul><li>Word of mouth – student/youth networks </li></ul>
    27. 27. Measuring Progress in Overcoming Barriers to College Retention <ul><li>Grades and GPA </li></ul><ul><li>Courses taken </li></ul><ul><li>On-Campus activities </li></ul><ul><li>Transfers and reasons for doing so </li></ul><ul><li>If dropped out, reasons for doing so </li></ul><ul><li>Graduation </li></ul><ul><li>Current status, whereabouts, activities – ideally at certain time intervals (e.g., 1,3, & 5 years </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education
    28. 28. Challenges and Supports – What can we do to better serve these students? <ul><li>Identification/FAFSA </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity of Services </li></ul><ul><li>Housing during breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Social and academic programming </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul>
    29. 29. Additional Free Resource Supporting Success: Improving Higher Education Outcomes for Students from Foster Care (Version 2.0) http://www.casey.org/Resources/Publications/SupportingSuccess.htm
    30. 30. Sources Cited <ul><li>“ Helping former foster youth graduate from college: Campus support programs in California and Washington”, Chapin Hall, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s My Life: Postsecondary Education and Training”, from Casey Family Programs,2006 ( www.caseylifeskills.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Supporting Success: Improving higher education outcomes for students from foster care – A Framework for Program Enhancement”, from Casey Family Programs, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Improving Family Foster Care”: Findings from the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study”, Casey Family Programs, 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>“ College Access, Financial Aid, and College Success for Undergraduates from Foster Care,” Ryan J Davis, National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators, 2006. </li></ul>

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