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Color Theory

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  • 1. COLOR THEORY FOR INTERIOR DESIGNERS Deborah Ogden
  • 2. The Brewster Color Wheel
  • 3. A detailed view of a Brewster-Type Color Wheel
  • 4. Primary, secondary, and tertiary colors in their places on the color wheel
  • 5. Primary, secondary and tertiary colors as groups
  • 6. A ring from the color wheel near the white or “tint” end of the spectrum: low intensity, light value
  • 7. Medium light value, with low intensity
  • 8. Medium value colors, with medium intensity
  • 9. Dark value colors, with medium intensity
  • 10. The Munsell Color System
    • Plain white and plain black at the two ends of the center axis
    • Grays range from light to dark along the center axis
    • Neutral tones, with less chroma, near the center of each spoke of the wheel
    • Strongest “chroma” of each hue, found toward the outer edge of the ring
  • 11. The dimensions of color, as shown on the Munsell Color System
    • COLOR HAS THREE DIMENSIONS:
    • VALUE
    • HUE
    • CHROMA
  • 12. The dimensions of color, as shown on the Munsell Color System
    • “ VALUE”
    • Plain white at one extreme pole, with the palest form of each hue at the end near white
    • Pure black at the other extreme, with darkest shades of each hue near black
    • Between the poles are shades and tints of gray values
  • 13. The dimensions of color, as shown on the Munsell Color System
    • VALUE:
    • “ TINTS AND SHADES”
    • Near the white pole are the lightest “tints” of each hue--these are like pastel colors
    • The deepest version of each hue is near the black pole, known as the “shades” of the hue
  • 14. The dimensions of color, as shown on the Munsell Color System
    • “ HUE”
    • The names commonly used for a color (such as red or blue) are referred to as the “hue” in a technical color system
    • “ RED” is the name of the hue at the left
  • 15. The dimensions of color, as shown on the Munsell Color System
    • “ CHROMA”
    • The strongest chroma of each hue is found at the outer ring of the system. These are the brightest colors.
    • The most dull, or neutral color is at the center of the system, for that hue. These grayed tones have less chroma, and are called the “tones” of that hue.
  • 16. Munsell Color System
    • VOCABULARY:
      • VALUE
      • HUE
      • CHROMA
      • TINTS
      • SHADES
      • TONES
      • NEUTRALS
  • 17. How to mix shades and tints
  • 18. SOME COLOR SCHEMES
  • 19. Three colors close to each other on the color wheel—analogous colors
  • 20. Two more analogous schemes
    • The top color wheel has an analogous color scheme that does not cross a primary (blue here)
    • The second analogous scheme has a color from two sides of the primary color (yellow in this case)
  • 21. A tetrad color scheme uses three equally-spaced colors
    • In this illustration, the three colors are red, yellow and blue
  • 22. Here is another tetrad color scheme
    • This illustrates a blue-violet, orange, and yellow-green color scheme
  • 23. As designers, we love to have all the colors in the paint box!

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