Early stage of western imperialism in the philippines


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early stage of western imperialism in the philippines
a report in our history subject by Jennifer Esplana

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Early stage of western imperialism in the philippines

  2. 2. WESTERN IMPERIALISM: It’s Causes,WESTERN IMPERIALISM: It’s Causes, and It’s Impact on the Worldand It’s Impact on the World
  3. 3. What is Imperialism? • It is a process of extending control or influence over weaker nations • It involves direct or indirect control over the economy, government, and culture
  4. 4. Colonialism is the building and maintaining of colonies in one territory by people from another territory. Sovereignty over the colony is claimed by the metropole. Social structure, government and economics within the territory of the colony are changed by the colonists.
  5. 5. COLONIALISMCOLONIALISM is not satisfied merely with holding ais not satisfied merely with holding a people in its grippeople in its grip and emptying the native’s brain of all formand emptying the native’s brain of all form & content.& content. By a kind of perverted logicBy a kind of perverted logic it turns to the past of the peopleit turns to the past of the people,, and distorts, disfigures,and distorts, disfigures, and destroys it…and destroys it… Frantz Fanon, Wretched of the Earth Quoted by Felino S Garcia, Jr’s article – “THE MOST INSIDIOUS AND DANGEROUS”: The Pathogenic Body in Selected scientific papers published in the Philippine Journal of Science During the First Decade of American Colonial Rule in the Philippines.
  6. 6. The reasons for the practice of colonialism at this time include: • The profits to be made. • To expand the power of the metropole. • To escape persecution in the metropole. • To convert the indigenous population to the colonists' religion. • Some colonists also felt they were helping the indigenous population by bringing them Christianity and civilization. However, the reality was often subjugation, displacement or death. • A colony is part of an empire and so colonialism is closely related to imperialism.
  7. 7. What is imperialism? • It is a process of extending control or influence over weaker nations • It involves direct or indirect control over the economy, government, and culture
  8. 8. The Foundations of Western ImperialismThe Foundations of Western Imperialism Why did the people of the West set out toWhy did the people of the West set out to build empires in the first place?build empires in the first place? 1. to ensure cheap supply of consumer goods and raw materials 2. to establish new markets for their own goods 3. and to create a hegemony of the West over the rest of the world
  9. 9. What triggers these expansions
  10. 10. Development of TechnologyDevelopment of Technology Shipbuilding, instruments and techniques of navigation and naval armaments Discovery of world wind system  most contributions in this field came from the Mediterranean
  11. 11. World ExplorationsWorld Explorations
  12. 12. Western Colonies in the 1900
  13. 13. What is the direct effect of Imperialism and colonialism? Impact on healthImpact on health Food securityFood security Slave tradeSlave trade unequal social relationsunequal social relationsexploitationexploitation medical advancesmedical advancesnew institutionsnew institutionstechnological advancementstechnological advancements
  14. 14. The NEW IMPERIALISM • INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION • Invention of machineries which revolutionized production • Improvement of transportation and communication • Industrialized countries needed colonies for source of raw materials and markets for finished products
  15. 15. DEFINITION • was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and transport had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions in the United Kingdom. The changes subsequently spread throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world.
  16. 16. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Manual Labour and Draft-Animal-based Economy Machine-based Manufacturing
  17. 17. FOUR SETS OF CHANGES Industrial Revolution The Introduction of New Technology The Use of the New Mineral Resources of Energy A Concentration of New Workers in Factories New Methods of Transportation PART I PART II PART III PART VI
  18. 18. I. INTRODUCTION OF NEW TECHNOLOGY • Industrial Revolution introduced machines to textile manufacturing, iron, printing, papermaking, and engineering industries. • The most significant machines were steam engines and the machines used to make cloth.
  19. 19. A. TEXTILE MACHINERY • In 1765, James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny, automating weaving the warp in the weaving of cloth. • In 1769, Richard Arkwright invented the Water powered – Frame which automated the weft. • In 1779, Samuel Crompton invented the Spinning Mule, a combination of Hargreaves’ and Arkwright’s inventions, which automated the total weaving process.
  20. 20. The Spinning Jenny Water Powered Frame Spinning Mule
  21. 21. B. STEAM ENGINE • In 1775, James Watt invented the Steam Engine which was used to raise minerals from mines, provide heat for smelting iron ore, and drive machines in textile mills.
  22. 22. II. NEW MINERAL SOURCES OF ENERGY • Beginning in the eighteenth century, the Industrial Revolution began to rely on coal to produce the high temperatures needed to smelt iron. Eventually it also became a source of heat for the steam engine.
  23. 23. III. GROWTH OF FACTORIES • Domestic System • In the sixteenth century, businessmen began employing families in the countryside to spin and weave. • All members of the family participated in the production. • Businessmen provided the materials and were responsible for manufacturing.
  24. 24. DEVELOPMENTS IN FACTORIES • Large factories were more cost effective because it allowed the concentration of workers and machines in one work place • Reduced transportation costs • Allowed greater quality control • The factory owner had greater control over
  25. 25. DEVELOPMENT IN FACTORIES • It also made possible what the economist Adam Smith called the "division of labor“, whereby each person was responsible for one stage of production, allowing for great increase in total production. The workers needed no special skills to operate the
  26. 26. IV. NEW METHODS OF TRANSPORTATION • Thousands of miles of canals and all-weather roads were built in the eighteenth century. • 1692, Languedoc Canal connects the Mediterranean with the Bay of Biscay. 240 miles long, with 100 locks, 3 major aqueducts, 1 tunnel, and a summit reservoir. • Canals were the first technology to allow bulk materials to be easily transported across country.
  27. 27. NEW METHODS OF TRANSPORTATION • The railroads were driven by coal- burning, steam-power locomotives and provided quick, cheap transportation to places inaccessible by water. • The construction of railroads created a
  28. 28. FACTORS FAVOURING THE INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Population Growth • The population increase provided the large supply of cheap labor needed by the factories. It also provided an increase in demand for manufactured goods.
  29. 29. FACTORS FAVOURING THE INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Agricultural Productivity • The process of enclosure allowed farmers and landlords to fence in their fields and control production. They introduced crop rotations that restored nutrients to the soil, allowing for greater yield. They also began scientific breeding to improve the quality of their herds. The result was an increase in productivity with fewer agricultural workers.
  30. 30. FACTORS FAVOURING THE INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Capital Formation and Accumulation • came mostly from merchants engaged in domestic and foreign trade, from landowners who profited from their estates in Britain and plantations in the colonies, and from banks.
  31. 31. FACTORS FAVOURING THE INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Technological Knowledge and Entrepreneurship • Plenty of people had scientific knowledge to mechanize the industry. • A merchant capitalist class organized the domestic system.
  32. 32. EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Demand from Consumers and Producers • The demand for goods was created by advertising, as well as by the increasing ability of the working class to buy goods as their purchasing power increased.
  33. 33. EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Population and Economic Growth • The population had consistently expanded as the greater agricultural productivity permitted maintaining an adequate food supply. The industrial economy had been able to employ large numbers of workers.
  34. 34. EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Women, Children and Industry • The Industrial Revolution did not improve the status of women. Their pay was too little to give them financial independence or prestige, and they frequently were under the control of the male workers or foremen. • British Factory Act of 1833 enforced
  35. 35. EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIAL GROWTH • Class and Class Consciousness • The Industrial Society was divided into three (3) classes: •The aristocracy owned the land. •The bourgeoisie owned capital enterprises and gained their wealth from profits.
  36. 36. SEED GRILL