ODDC Context - An Investigation of the use of the Online National Budget of Nigeria


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Presentation in the first workshop of the Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project. Looking at the context of open data, and the research case study planned for 2013 - 2014. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/unilorin

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ODDC Context - An Investigation of the use of the Online National Budget of Nigeria

  1. 1. Investigation of the use of the OnlineNational Budget of NigeriaResearch team:(University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria)Dr. Omenogo Veronica MEJABI;Dr. Adesina L. AZEEZ;Mr. Adeyinka ADEDOYIN; andMr. Muhtahir O. OLOYEDE.1
  2. 2. Case study focus• Focuses on Nigeria’s National budget data• Mainly government led on the supply side.• Data from Federal Government of Nigeriapublished through the website of the BudgetOffice of the Federation since 2007.http://www.budgetoffice.gov.ng2
  3. 3. National Context• Nigeria is fraught with issues of corruption andbad governance• Citizens frustrated and distrustful of governmentpromises• No existing government move towards opengovernment data: no portals or open datainitiative• But, many organisations do publish data relevantfor governance on their websites: available to thepublic with no restrictions.• Public awareness of available data is unclear3
  4. 4. The Data Sets involved• Budget of Nigeria available on the Budget Officewebsite since 2007…• …but – not organised or structured.• Link descriptions vary from year to year(2007, 2008 and 2009) and it is not clear if thedata is the final approved budget, or the budgetas initially proposed to the National Assembly forconsideration.• The 2011 budget has to be pieced together fromthe 2011 quarterly reports on budgetimplementation4
  5. 5. Budget website5
  6. 6. Budget website6
  7. 7. Typical Budget Data(pdf, missing last column)7
  8. 8. Typical Budget Data(hanging last column)8
  9. 9. Data Set (continued)• Data files are published as PDF files• Vast improvement from the past when suchdata were only available as hard copies.• A user:may re-type the data into a spreadsheetthe PDF files can be converted to spreadsheet filesusing readily available software converters such asPDF to Excel.9
  10. 10. Research goalsThe study will attempt to determine:– how the public engage in the discussions of thenational budget– review and assess newspaper coverage on thebudget of Nigeria– degree of awareness of open data– its potential to drive good governance– identify the intermediaries in the flow of budgetinformation• The study will also explore potential challenges toeffective use of such open budget data.10
  11. 11. MethodologyA range of approaches, including:• Institutional survey– incl. respondents from the Budget Office and Ministry ofFinance• Stakeholder survey– survey & in-depth interview: journalists, Key persons inNGOs, social networkers, professionals, visible budgetanalysts• Media analysis– newspapers (from 2009 – 2013)– online social networks (around the 2013 budget)• Trace of data from origin to end use– ODR mapping & visualisation tool 11
  12. 12. So far• Literature review to support the developmentand refinement of our data collectioninstruments• e.g. Newspaper analysis coding sheet.12Research Methods Issues• Software that would help us extract andanalyze online social media discussions• Software to analyze content from theinterviews.THANK YOU