ODDC Context - The quality of civic data in India and the implications on the push for Open Data
THE QUALITY OF CIVIC DATA IN INDIA AND THEIMPLICATIONS ON THE PUSH FOR OPEN DATASatyarupa ShekharApril 25,2013
National context• National Data Sharing & Accessibility Policy• Open Government Platform▫ Open source platform for governments• Data Portal India▫ Indian government’s open data portal
Governance issues at hand• Slew of urban reforms▫ Data driven planning▫ GIS databases for infrastructure and services▫ Data and maps for identifying the poor• ‘Smart’ cities using ICT for planning▫ Boston, San Francisco, Barcelona▫ Indian cities feeling the pressure but…
Local context - Chennai• Where is the data?▫ Data for planning and monitoring is missing▫ Data is stored poorly▫ Data is not shared between departments▫ Data is not in formats that are easy to analyse▫ Data is not granular▫ Data fails to account for the informal sectorDemand for open data has to go hand-in-hand withimprovements in quality of data
Project objectivesDevelop a policy and advocacy platform aroundopen data that responds to the local context, andaccounts for the quality of municipal data.• Three kinds of municipal data▫ public toilets and sanitation▫ water and sewerage▫ public health.
Project objectives (2)• The project will document▫ amount of data collected▫ way it is collected by government agencies anddepartments▫ how the data is used in planning and policymaking▫ the availability of data to the public▫ the accuracy of the data▫ the implications of poor data quality on residents
Research methods• Stock-taking of existing data▫ what data is collected▫ by whom▫ where is it stored▫ how easily is it shared• Understanding the processes▫ how is it collected▫ how is it used for policy-making
Research methods (2)• Evaluating data quality▫ does it reflect conditions on the ground▫ can the gap be quantified or estimated• Understanding real-world impacts▫ implications of poor data quality on governmentperformance▫ impacts of the inaccuracies of this data on localcommunities
Research methods (3)• Developing a response▫ what kinds of changes in the data collectionprocess would make the data much more accurate▫ are there examples where residents or cityemployees have successfully worked to bring tolight, supplement, or correct erroneous data
Work so far…• Establishing relations with key officials• Obtaining authorisation to access data• Interviewing officials▫ Understanding the formal and informal rules bywhich they are bound• NOT filing RTI requests▫ We do not what exists, so what to ask for?