www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Emerging Impacts Of Open Data:
Exploring Findings & Research Methods
ICTD, Cape ...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

A session in two parts:
What we covered
9.00 - 10.45: What are we learning about...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Introduction

The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

About the ODDC project...
•

A collaboration of Canada’s International Developme...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Research objectives
1. To explore how open data improve governance, support
citi...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

A shared framework

The funding for this work has been provided through the Worl...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

The case study network:
17 cases selected in response to an open call for propos...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Introductions
The following projects are here at ICTD to share their learning so...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Introductions
Understanding the impacts of Code4Kenya open data applications
and...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Case studies
The use of open data in the governance of South African higher
educ...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Key themes
(the following slides were a prompt for discussion during the
worksho...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Key themes

•

Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same
everywhere?

•

Int...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Definitions...
!"#$!%&'&=Open!de(inition+​impact/context !
!!

Open%Defini)on:!A!...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Key themes

•

Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same
everywhere?

•

Int...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Intermediaries

•Intermediaries help translate open data
to usable information b...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Intermediaries

Davies, T. (2010). Open data, democracy and
public sector reform...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Key themes

•

Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same
everywhere?

•

Int...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Key themes

•

Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same
everywhere?

•

Int...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Continue the conversation:
www.opendataresearch.org/network/

The funding for th...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Methods section
1. The Open Data Barometer: an expert survey
& composite index
2...
www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts

Methods

See individual methods slides at:
http://www.slideshare.net/odrnetwork/...
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ICTD Cape Town - Emerging Findings and Methods in Open Data Research

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The ODDC Network hosted an Open Session at the ICT for Development Conference in Cape Town, South Africa - 10th December 2013. These slides present an overview of the discussions.

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ICTD Cape Town - Emerging Findings and Methods in Open Data Research

  1. 1. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Emerging Impacts Of Open Data: Exploring Findings & Research Methods ICTD, Cape Town, 2013 New Economics Building, 1A, Tuesday 10th: 9am - 10.45 & 11.15 - 13.00 The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  2. 2. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts A session in two parts: What we covered 9.00 - 10.45: What are we learning about open data? An open participative discussion on key themes in open data research. •Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same everywhere? •Intermediaries: What role are intermediaries playing in open data? •Sustainability: How can open data efforts be made sustainable? •Impacts: What impacts of open data are being discovered? 11.15 - 13.00: How do we research it? Presentations and group discussion on approaches to research open data supply, use and impacts. Including data from a 77-country study, and indepth case studies. Come with methods ideas and challenges. These slides act as an aide memoir, but do not cover all the issues discussed The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  3. 3. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Introduction The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  4. 4. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts About the ODDC project... • A collaboration of Canada’s International Development Research Centre and the Web Foundation; • Developed out of a meeting alongside the 2012 OGP Plenary in Brasilia; • A research network of 17 projects based in developing countries, exploring the emerging impacts of open data on budget, urban governance, poverty reduction, justice, higher education and resource industries; • Building common methods and a shared evidence base for understanding, and furthering, the promise and practice of open data; • 9 months in; planning the next phase of research; The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  5. 5. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Research objectives 1. To explore how open data improve governance, support citizens’ rights, and promote more inclusive development in developing countries; 2. To support knowledge sharing, policy learning and evaluation based on, and feeding into, the developing research findings; 3. To develop and test common methods for assessing the context, and the strengths and weaknesses, of open data initiatives over time; 4. To identify how global standards, platforms and infrastructures for open data impact upon the use of open data in developing countries; The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  6. 6. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts A shared framework The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  7. 7. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts The case study network: 17 cases selected in response to an open call for proposals - all studying the use of open data for governance. The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  8. 8. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Introductions The following projects are here at ICTD to share their learning so far... An Investigation of the use of the Online National Budget of Nigeria University of Ilorin, Nigeria Investigating the Impact of Kenya’s Open Data Initiative on Marginalized Communities: Case Study of Urban Slums and Rural Settlements Jesuit Hakimani Centre, Nairobi, Kenya The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  9. 9. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Introductions Understanding the impacts of Code4Kenya open data applications and services iHub Research, Nairobi, Kenya How open data could contribute to poverty eradication in Kenya and Uganda through its impacts on resource allocation Development Initiatives, Kenya, and Development Research and Training, Uganda Taking Stock of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Open Data Initiatives in Sierra Leone. Society for Democratic Initiatives, Sierra Leone The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  10. 10. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Case studies The use of open data in the governance of South African higher education University of Cape Town, South Africa Exploring the open data Initiative of the Ministry of Finance on National Budget Transparency in Indonesia. Sinergantara, Indonesia Opening the Gates: Will Open Data Initiatives Make Local Governments in the Philippines More Transparent? STEP UP Consulting, Philippines The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  11. 11. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Key themes (the following slides were a prompt for discussion during the workshop) The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  12. 12. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Key themes • Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same everywhere? • Intermediaries: What role are intermediaries playing in open data? • Sustainability: How can open data efforts be made sustainable? • Impacts: What impacts of open data are being discovered? The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  13. 13. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Definitions... !"#$!%&'&=Open!de(inition+​impact/context ! !! Open%Defini)on:!A!piece!of!data!or!content!is!open!if!anyone!is!free%to%use,%reuse,%and% redistribute!it!–!subject!only,!at!most,!to!the!requirement!to!a:ribute!and/or!share<alike.!! h:p://opendefini@on.org/#sthash.h042nQvT.dpuf! ODDC%Open%Data%107point%Evalua)on % 8%principles%of%Open%Government%Data McKinsey 1 Does%the%data%exist? Data!must!be!complete Data!must!be!accessible 2 Is%it%available%online%in%digital%form? Data%must%be%primary Data!must!be!machine!readable 3 Is%the%data%machine%readable? Data%must%be%)mely Data!accessible!free!or!at!negligible!cost 4 Is!the!data!available!in!bulk? Data!must!be!accessible Data!must!be!license<free 5 Is!the!dataset!available!free!of!charge? Data!must!be!machine!readable ! 6 Is%the%data%openly%licensed? Access!must!be!non<discriminatory ! 7 Is!the!dataset!up<to<date? Data!formats!must!be!non<proprietary ! 8 Is!the!publica@on!of!the!dataset!sustainable? Data!must!be!license<free ! 9 Was!it!easy!to!find!informa@on!on!the!dataset? ! ! 10 Are%linked%data%URIs%provided? ! ! ! GOVERNANCE TRANSPARENCY!&!ACCOUNTABILITY ECONOMIC!(INNOVATION/PERFORMANCE) % Developing!countries Mul@ple!na@onal Seven!domains!at!na@onal!level!(educa@on,! transporta@on,!healthcare,!etc.) Developed by Francois Van Schalkwyk. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/content/2013/566/early-insight-2-definitions-open-data# The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  14. 14. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Key themes • Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same everywhere? • Intermediaries: What role are intermediaries playing in open data? • Sustainability: How can open data efforts be made sustainable? • Impacts: What impacts of open data are being discovered? The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  15. 15. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Intermediaries •Intermediaries help translate open data to usable information by the public •For instance the Dredger Project by Internews Kenya, which is a portal for journalists to download data that is packaged in a user-friendly way for use in telling data-driven stories. Notes by Zachariah Chiliswa, JHC Kenya The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  16. 16. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Intermediaries Davies, T. (2010). Open data, democracy and public sector reform: A look at open government data use from data.gov.uk. MSc Thesis Access at: www.opendataimpacts.net/report/ The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  17. 17. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Key themes • Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same everywhere? • Intermediaries: What role are intermediaries playing in open data? • Sustainability: How can open data efforts be made sustainable? • Impacts: What impacts of open data are being discovered? The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  18. 18. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Key themes • Definitions: What is open data? Is it the same everywhere? • Intermediaries: What role are intermediaries playing in open data? • Sustainability: How can open data efforts be made sustainable? • Impacts: What impacts of open data are being discovered? The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  19. 19. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Continue the conversation: www.opendataresearch.org/network/ The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  20. 20. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Methods section 1. The Open Data Barometer: an expert survey & composite index 2. Open budget data in Nigeria: Media monitoring 3. Understanding the use of apps: Web analytics 4. Assessing awareness and use of data: Large-scale surveys The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
  21. 21. www.opendataresearch.org/emergingimpacts Methods See individual methods slides at: http://www.slideshare.net/odrnetwork/tag/ictd2013 The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation 'Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries' research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (web.idrc.ca).
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