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LearningOpen Data PracticeIn Ministry Of FinanceIn IndonesiaOpen Data in Developng Countries Research
Indonesia Today• Indonesia currently active promotes transparency in variousadministration levels, including in financial ...
Initiatives In Brief• Initiative in this learning is Ministry of Finance’s effort inpublishing national budget (enacted bu...
Timeline of Open Data InitiativeEvents Date Description Place /InisiatorSourceLaw on National Financeno 17/20032003 Statin...
Timeline of Open Data InitiativeEvents Date Description Place/InisiatorSourceCitizen Budget developed byNGOs in IndonesiaJ...
Timeline of Open Data InitiativeEvents Date Description Place /InitiatorSourceWorld Bank launched Open DataIndonesia initi...
Notes on Timeline of Open Data• Open Data development began when Minister of Finance ofIndonesia, Sri Mulyani, stated her ...
Political Context• Strong political drives of the Open Data initiative :• Strengthened public demand (particularly from CS...
Actors in Open Data initiativeDirectly involved Not directly involved yetSupplySide• Minister of Finance• President• Divis...
Roles of Actors in Open Data InitiativeRoles Actors NotesGiving politicalsupports to OpenData initiativeMinister of Financ...
Roles of Actors in Open Data InitiativeRoles Actors NotesStrengthening budgettransparency initiative:supporting systemdeve...
Technological Context• At demand side, ICT usage (mobile phone, internet, socialmedia) rate is high, with varied usage “qu...
Technological Context• At supply side, availability of technology and ICT staffscapacity in Ministry of Finance is adequat...
Economic Social Context• Indonesia is a new comer in Lower Middle Income country list.Indonesian economy grows more that 6...
Temporary Conclusions• Commitment of Ministry of Finance in developing budgettransparency (as foundation of Open Data) is ...
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ODDC Context - Exploring the open data Initiative of the Ministry of Finance on National Budget Transparency in Indonesia

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Presentation in the first workshop of the Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project. Looking at the context of open data, and the research case study planned for 2013 - 2014. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/si

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Transcript of "ODDC Context - Exploring the open data Initiative of the Ministry of Finance on National Budget Transparency in Indonesia"

  1. 1. LearningOpen Data PracticeIn Ministry Of FinanceIn IndonesiaOpen Data in Developng Countries Research
  2. 2. Indonesia Today• Indonesia currently active promotes transparency in variousadministration levels, including in financial transparency ingovernment.• Initiative of financial transparency in Indonesia began in regimechange (Reform 1998). It was followed by decentralizationpolicy implementation (2000), and strengthened by issuance ofLaw on Freedom of Information (2008).• Indonesian society use ICT extensively, as shown in highusage of cellular phones, facebook, etc.• Utilizing ICT to promote transparency and accountability ofgovernment has been developed, such as in using SMS andGIS for receiving public complaints on public services.• Not many public institutions develop Open Datainitiatives, however, technology availability and legal supportmay endorse development of Open Data initiatives.
  3. 3. Initiatives In Brief• Initiative in this learning is Ministry of Finance’s effort inpublishing national budget (enacted budget and budget inplanning state) comprehensively in website.• The publication is in PDF file format, available fully inwww.kemenkeu.go.id• Principle of this initiative is comprehensive opendocument, in which there are no parts of document thatare inaccessible for public (stated by Minister of Financein 2011)
  4. 4. Timeline of Open Data InitiativeEvents Date Description Place /InisiatorSourceLaw on National Financeno 17/20032003 Stating that nationalbudget data must beopen for publicIndonesia www.kemenkeu.go.idContent of national budgetis a part of website ofMinistry of Finance2003 In early phase of websitedevelopment,information on nationalbudget was minimumMinistry ofFinanceInterviewwith Ministryof FinancestaffsLaw on Freedom of LocalInformation no 17/20082008 Making document(including budget)transparency ismandatoryNationalParliament, NGOcoalitionwww.hukum-online.comMinister of Financestatement on budgettransparency to publicMiddle of2010Minister of Finance askthe ministry to opennational budgetdocuments to publicMinister ofFinanceTempomagazine
  5. 5. Timeline of Open Data InitiativeEvents Date Description Place/InisiatorSourceCitizen Budget developed byNGOs in IndonesiaJune2010NGOs utilizedresources fromthe nationalbudgetdocuments forbudget analysisCSO innationallevelTempoMagazineWebsite of Ministry of Financecontains complete informationon national budget in PDFformatJanuary2011Inserting budgetdocument (inPDF format) intowebsiteMinistry ofFinanceTempoMagazine.www.kemenkeu.go.idIndonesian government joinedOGPSept2011One of Indonesiacommitment inOGP is toimplementtransparency byICT utilizationOGP http://opengovindonesia.org/?page_id=59
  6. 6. Timeline of Open Data InitiativeEvents Date Description Place /InitiatorSourceWorld Bank launched Open DataIndonesia initiativeJanuary2011WB launchwebsite onIndonesiastatistic data in”open formatdata”World Bank.International levelwww.worldbank.org/in/country/indonesiaWebsite of Ministry of Financeadded data of budget plansJanuary2012Budget plandocuments fornext year areincluded inwebsiteMinistry ofFinancewww.kemenkeu.go.id
  7. 7. Notes on Timeline of Open Data• Open Data development began when Minister of Finance ofIndonesia, Sri Mulyani, stated her commitment to make allnational budget data transparent.• Following the statement, important event in promoting OpenData initiative is that Indonesian government joined the OGPand positive responses from CSOs on the initiative.• Other groups that are influential to the initiative is Minister ofFinance, mass media, CSOs, and officials of the Ministry ofFinance.• Minister of Finance is initiator of financial transparency. Massmedia and CSOs raise public support to accelerate budgettransparency, while Ministry of Finance officials designed thetransparency method.
  8. 8. Political Context• Strong political drives of the Open Data initiative :• Strengthened public demand (particularly from CSOs) on budget transparency• Strengthened pressure from anti-corruption movement on budget information openness• Improved roles of donor agencies in distributing knowledge on transparency• Other drives include organizational culture of Ministry of Finance, whichobliges innovation every year. This is strongly promoted by Minister ofFinance.• Commitment of policy maker level on Open Data initiative, as far as weobserve, is at implementation of budget document openness.• In this sense, policy makers see that document transparency (such as inserting PDF formdocument in website) is enough. They do not see the urgency of entering data that isprocessable in the web.• Political issues that challenge Open Data initiative are not yet identified.However, there are ministries, parliament members, and political figures thatwarn the danger of transparency in Indonesia.
  9. 9. Actors in Open Data initiativeDirectly involved Not directly involved yetSupplySide• Minister of Finance• President• Divisions in Ministry of Finance• National Planning Board• Ministry of Communication andInformation• Open Government Partnershipteam from Government ofIndonesia• World Bank• Sectoral ministries (education,health, infrastructure, etc.)• National Commission ofInformationDemandSide• National mass media• CSOs that study and monitorbudget and freedom ofinformation issues• Donor organizations (FordFoundation and Hivos)• Local governments (provinceand district level)• Corruption EradicationCommission• National and local parliaments
  10. 10. Roles of Actors in Open Data InitiativeRoles Actors NotesGiving politicalsupports to OpenData initiativeMinister of Finance,PresidentEmphasizing thattransparency (including budgettransparency) is main agendain national developmentBuilding budgettransparencysystemDivisions in Ministry ofFinanceInserting data/document ofnational budget into website ofMinistry of FinancePromoting budgettransparency(document)CSOs that work on budgetanalysis and informationopennessPromoting implementation ofLaw on Freedom ofInformation to all governmentinstitutionsStrengtheningbudgettransparencyinitiative: publicationMass media (particularlyTempo magazine)Mass media supports andpublishes the initiative
  11. 11. Roles of Actors in Open Data InitiativeRoles Actors NotesStrengthening budgettransparency initiative:supporting systemdevelopmentNational Planning Board,Ministry ofCommunication andInformationCooperates with Ministry ofFinance in developingnational open data platformUsing the data tosupport theirfunctions/workCSOs that work onbudget analysis andpublic services, nationaland local parliament,local and nationalgovernmentSome CSOs use data fromMinistry of Finance’swebsite, but some otherscollect data from offlinesources
  12. 12. Technological Context• At demand side, ICT usage (mobile phone, internet, socialmedia) rate is high, with varied usage “quality” in society.• Few user groups have utilized facilities of ICT, but mostsociety merely use mobile phone.• Distribution of technology mastering is proportional toquality of technology usage.• Availability of internet connection in big cities is good, butinternet connection in rural areas is only served by oneprovider• In term of Open Data, community groups (particularlythose that have potential of giving inputs to Ministry ofFinance) mostly do not understand Open Data
  13. 13. Technological Context• At supply side, availability of technology and ICT staffscapacity in Ministry of Finance is adequate.• Ministry of Finance also has plan to develop platform tosupport budget transparency.• However, there is no intensive discussions on Open Data• Ministry of Finance staffs admit that source that explains conceptand implementation of Open Data is rarely accessed by initiators inMinistry of Finance• Concept and tools applied in this initiative are merely opendocument, instead of open data.
  14. 14. Economic Social Context• Indonesia is a new comer in Lower Middle Income country list.Indonesian economy grows more that 6 percent/year since2004 to now. However, Indonesia still has to face big problemsin providing basic services in remote and poor areas.• Therefore, development priority in Indonesia is to address thegap of basic services among areas and to alleviate poverty.• In its mid-term development plan, Indonesia sets technologyinnovation as the 11th priority in the development priorities.• The role of technology development, particularly ICT, will begiven more to private sectors, rather than to government. Onthe other hand, government currently massively develops e-government in each level and sector. It accelerates demand ontechnology needs.
  15. 15. Temporary Conclusions• Commitment of Ministry of Finance in developing budgettransparency (as foundation of Open Data) is strong andsupported by multi stakeholders.• Budget transparency is translated by Ministry of Financeinto publishing document (in PDF format) in website.• However, open data discourse is minimal, even inMinistry of Finance itself, as well as in stakeholders. Itmakes it difficult to see the efforts of bringing “opendocument” to open data.• Attention of initiators in Ministry of Finance to demandside also needs to be developed. There is no clear designon how to allow users (at demand side) to be able to usethe data.
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