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Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
Economic systems of europe
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Economic systems of europe


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  • 1. Economic Systems of Europe 3/2/2009
  • 2. Basic Questions:
    • What to produce, how to produce, for whom to produce?
    • All nations of Europe must answer these questions
    • The economic choices that governments make affects its people and how strong its economy will be
  • 3. 4 factors of economic growth:
    • (only write what they are, you have the definitions)
    • Human capital: the value of people to an economy
      • Investing in health, education, and training of workers helps economy
        • Better education and training = coming up with new technology
        • Leads to better use of resources
  • 4. 4 factors of economic growth:
    • Capital goods: products that have value
      • Factories, machinery, new technology
    • Entrepreneurs: people who start new businesses to sell a new technique, idea, or product
    • Natural resources: land, air, water, and minerals
  • 5. Economic Growth takes time
    • It takes time for changes of an economy to take effect
      • Countries that were communist (command) economies and switched to democratic countries with mixed economies: improvement is slow
        • Ex: Romania: good resources, good human capital (educated people), bad economy…it had been communist, so there was an unwise use of capital goods…
  • 6. Specific countries…
    • Your instructions: listen as I quietly talk through the slide, then you may work at your table to make sure you fill in all the information you need on your graphic organizer…
  • 7. United Kingdom
    • Role of government:
      • Mixed economy: mostly market (people start businesses). Government controls some industries (welfare, medicine, oversees banking and money)
    • Economic history:
      • When economy struggled in past, government controlled economy more
        • After World War II, war had destroyed the country
        • Government took control of coal, oil, electricity, and shipbuilding
  • 8.
    • Factors of economic growth:
      • Human capital: skilled workers and competent managers
      • Capital goods: less efficient industries shut down, high-tech industries started to create jobs
      • Entrepreneurs: many successful entrepreneurs
      • Natural resources: makes wise use of what they have, including oil in the North sea
    • How are they doing?
      • Large population, high standard of living, low unemployment and inflation
  • 9. Russia
    • Role of government:
      • Mixed, trying to move towards a market economy
    • Economic history:
      • Communist for 70 years (part of the Soviet Union)
      • Government planned and owned everything in the economy (command)
        • Unwise use of resources and factories
      • Trying to make big change since end of U.S.S.R: taking a long time to improve
  • 10.
    • Factors of growth:
      • Human capital: skilled and educated workers (one thing the Soviet Union did well)
      • Capital goods:
        • returning businesses to private control (individual people own): many people resisted, thought government should own
        • improving factories and technology
      • Natural resources: has a lot of oil
    • How are they doing?
      • GDP has been growing a lot in recent years, showing they are doing better overall
  • 11. Germany
    • Role of government: mixed economy
    • Economic history:
      • Before reunification:
        • West Germany: mixed economy, efficient farms, strong industry
        • East Germany: command (communist) economy, collectivized (government-owned) farms, weak industry
      • Since reunification: west part of Germany has had to finance (pay for) improving east Germany
        • Changing economy of east Germany to be like the west has been difficult
  • 12.
    • Factors of economic growth:
      • Human capital:
        • strong, competitive education system.
        • Train students for skilled professions from early age.
      • Capital goods:
        • Large and successful industry (western part of the country)
    • How are they doing?
      • Some struggles because of reunification
  • 13. Discuss…
    • How are the economies of the United Kingdom, Russia, and Germany similar?
    • How can a country’s history affect its economy?
      • Consider instability vs. stability, past economic systems