Review of Dark Romantics Fascinated with ________________. Aware of human capacity for __________. This led to stories that were dark, scary, and suspenseful.
Washington Irving Considered the father of American literature First American author to achieve an international reputation The father of suspenseful literature? Stories explore the consequences of sacrifices—moral beliefs, privacy, family—in order to get what they want.
Inspired by Irving’s suggestion of the human capacity for wrongdoing, they took it a step further by exploring the dark vision of human existence.
Tied to romanticism by their emphasis on emotion, nature, and the individual.
Gothic Literature—The Dark Romantics The Gothic tradition began in Europe. The freedom of imagination led Dark Romantics to similarly creepy tales, which led to what we consider the start of gothic literature. Therefore, those involved with the movement may be referred to as “dark Romantics” OR “gothic” writers.
Gothic Characteristics Grotesque or abnormal characters Bizarre situations Violent events Suspenseful elements
Edgar Allan Poe Explored human psychology from the inside Used first-person narrators who were sometimes criminal or insane Extreme situations Murders Live burials Physical and mental torture Retribution from beyond the grave
Nathaniel Hawthorne Agreed with romantic emphasis on nature and emotion Did not see these as positive forces Examined darker facets of human soul
Common Characteristics Did not believe in innate goodness Explored human capacity for evil Probed inner life of characters Explored motivations Agreed with emphasis on emotion, nature, and individual Included elements of fantasy and supernatural