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  1. 1. MARIJUANA <ul><li>This slide presentation was built for the citizens of Osage County, in an attempt to help us better understand the effects and recognition of marijuana and it’s use/abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENTED BY: THE OSAGE COUNTY SHERIFF, TY KOCH </li></ul><ul><li>WRITTEN BY: CAPTAIN DAVE HINMAN </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is marijuana? <ul><li>Marijuana is a schedule I, controlled and dangerous drug. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the most often used illegal drug in America. </li></ul><ul><li>The active chemical in marijuana is (THC) Tetrahydrocannabinol. </li></ul><ul><li>Marijuana is classified as a depressant. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Marijuana slang terms <ul><li>Weed </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Bud </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Gateway </li></ul><ul><li>Indo </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro </li></ul><ul><li>Grass </li></ul><ul><li>Blunt </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Jane </li></ul><ul><li>(the list goes on and on). </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are the effects of marijuana? <ul><li>Once ingested, the effects soon start. </li></ul><ul><li>As the THC enters the brain, it causes the user to feel euphoric (“high”), caused by the brain cells releasing the chemical, dopamine. </li></ul><ul><li>The heart rate increases and the bronchial passages relax. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Marijuana usually causes: </li></ul><ul><li>- relaxation -disruption in attention </li></ul><ul><li>-reduced coordination -an altered sense of time </li></ul><ul><li>-reduced blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>-sleepiness </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In high doses, marijuana can cause: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-hallucinations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-delusions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-impaired memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-disorientation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Users often feel, dry mouth, hunger, or the feeling that time is passing by very slowly. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the euphoria passes, the user may feel sleepy or depressed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. WHERE DOES MARIJUANA COME FROM? <ul><li>Marijuana is a natural drug that does grow wild in some areas of Oklahoma. </li></ul><ul><li>However, most wild marijuana is of a very low THC potency. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Imported marijuana <ul><li>In this area, most imported marijuana comes from Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>It is smuggled across the border and into the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Amounts can range to tons at a time. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Domestic marijuana <ul><li>There are both indoor and outdoor grow operations that produce marijuana for Oklahoma. </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor grows or cultivation, using a hydroponic method, tend to increase the THC levels in marijuana drastically, which intensify the “high” using less marijuana. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>As marijuana is purchased and sold, it eventually reaches the street level. </li></ul>
  12. 12. HOW IS MARIJUANA INGESTED INTO THE BODY? <ul><li>The most common method of ingestion is by smoking it, but it can be eaten. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Marijuana cigarettes <ul><li>Often called “joints”, marijuana is rolled into rolling papers and smoked. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Blunts” are cigars in which the tobacco has been replaced by marijuana. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pipes <ul><li>Pipes can range from a wide variety of store bought designs, shapes, sizes, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Pipes can be purchased at almost any “head shop”. </li></ul><ul><li>Pipes are rarely discarded by the user. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bongs/ Water pipes <ul><li>Bongs are pipes that work by allowing the smoke to cool (through the water) before entering the lungs. </li></ul><ul><li>This enables the user to get more smoke into the lungs. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Homemade pipes <ul><li>Pipes can be made from almost any household item. </li></ul>
  17. 17. HOW CAN I RECOGNIZE A MARIJUANA USER IN MY HOME? <ul><li>Marijuana has a distinct aroma, much different then that of tobacco. Like cigarette users, the odor usually lasts a while and stays on their person. </li></ul><ul><li>Masking the odor can sometimes be indicated by excessive use of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>perfume/ cologne (on the body) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incense and air freshener (in the room) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air fresheners in the car/truck </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Intoxication <ul><li>Similar to alcohol intoxication. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow or slurred speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow body movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delayed reaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forgetfulness </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. The eyes <ul><li>Glassy, red eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Dilated pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Use of or possession of eye moisturizing products </li></ul><ul><li>Tired or low eye lids </li></ul>
  20. 20. Clothing <ul><li>Marijuana users are often proud of their use and flaunt it on their clothing. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Room decor
  22. 22. Reading material
  23. 23. Concealment methods <ul><li>There are an increasing number of items sold that are used to conceal marijuana. </li></ul><ul><li>The top picture is a marker or high lighter with built in pipe. (the marker works) </li></ul><ul><li>The bottom is a wood box, with 2 sections, commonly called a “dug out”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to hold marijuana and a small pipe (commonly called a “bat” or “1 hitter”). </li></ul>
  24. 24. Other things to look for: <ul><li>Sleeping in late </li></ul><ul><li>Over-eating/ weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Used sandwich baggies </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds/ stems </li></ul><ul><li>hand scales </li></ul><ul><li>Roach clips </li></ul>
  25. 25. MORE TO THINK ABOUT <ul><li>Marijuana is considered to be a “gateway” drug. This means that it is common for marijuana users to try other, more harmful, illegal drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Marijuana is usually introduced during the early teen years by peer pressure from friends. </li></ul>
  26. 26. WHAT ARE THE PENALTIES FOR MARIJAUANA? <ul><li>In Oklahoma, the penalties vary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possession of paraphernalia (pipes, roach clips, dug outs, etc.) is a Misdemeanor crime. Penalty- up to 1 year in the county jail and/or up to $1,000 fine. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possession of Marijuana (1 st offense) is a misdemeanor offense. This could be for any amount of marijuana recovered. Penalty- up to 1 year in the county jail and up to $1,000 fine. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poss. Marijuana (2 nd Offense) is a Felony charge. The punishment is a 2 to 10 years in prison with up to a $20,000.00 fine. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. PENALTIES (cont) <ul><ul><li>Possess Marijuana with intent to distribute is a Felony charge. The punishment is a 2 years to life in prison with up to $20,000 fine. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trafficking in Marijuana is a Felony charge. The punishment is a fine not less then $25,000 and up to $100,000. (aggravated: not less then $100,00 and up to $500,000) Up to life in prison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultivation of Marijuana is a Felony charge. The punishment is up to life in prison with up to a $100,000 fine. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. To report illegal drug activity <ul><li>Contact the Osage County Sheriff’s Office, or your local law enforcement agency. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Osage Co. S.O. (918) 287-3131 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hominy P.D. (918) 885-4545 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pawhuska P.D. (918) 287-4545 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skiatook P.D. (918) 396-2424 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fairfax P.D. (918) 642-3612 </li></ul></ul>